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U.S. Trade by Industry Sector and Selected Trading Partners

Table US.1 U.S. total exports, general imports, and merchandise trade balance, by major industry/commodity sectors, 2012–16

 
Million $
 
           
Absolute change,
Percent change,
Item 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2015-16 2015-16
U.S. total exports:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Agricultural products
154,274
157,633
164,420
146,630
148,772
2,142
1.5
    Forest products
39,832
40,839
41,169
39,061
37,962
-1,099
-2.8
    Chemicals and related products
228,922
231,422
234,954
227,882
218,143
-9,739
-4.3
    Energy-related products
143,379
154,463
161,165
109,703
99,414
-10,289
-9.4
    Textiles and apparel
22,454
23,318
23,985
23,274
21,615
-1,659
-7.1
    Footwear
1,332
1,391
1,456
1,464
1,366
-98
-6.7
    Minerals and metals
163,980
160,510
152,914
135,659
128,621
-7,037
-5.2
    Machinery
138,528
139,616
145,881
138,719
128,005
-10,713
-7.7
    Transportation equipment
313,396
322,152
336,495
327,286
319,379
-7,907
-2.4
    Electronic products
257,698
261,190
267,833
264,079
260,535
-3,544
-1.3
    Miscellaneous manufactures
41,385
43,842
47,636
47,377
47,760
383
0.8
    Special provisions
40,639
42,140
43,263
41,439
42,149
710
1.7
        Total
1,545,821
1,578,517
1,621,172
1,502,572
1,453,721
-48,852
-3.3
U.S. general imports:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Agricultural products
123,321
126,657
136,333
136,959
139,465
2,506
1.8
    Forest products
37,071
39,984
42,212
42,378
43,147
769
1.8
    Chemicals and related products
237,243
236,678
251,542
260,278
259,908
-370
-0.1
    Energy-related products
428,235
384,142
351,626
194,068
158,045
-36,023
-18.6
    Textiles and apparel
113,860
118,003
121,687
126,548
120,312
-6,236
-4.9
    Footwear
23,887
24,811
26,017
27,650
25,634
-2,016
-7.3
    Minerals and metals
195,077
190,442
205,502
189,255
183,618
-5,638
-3.0
    Machinery
167,784
170,227
185,530
185,858
179,627
-6,231
-3.4
    Transportation equipment
363,317
375,526
404,024
426,207
418,355
-7,852
-1.8
    Electronic products
415,472
421,656
439,079
449,865
450,110
246
0.1
    Miscellaneous manufactures
104,750
109,936
114,426
124,842
125,058
217
0.2
    Special provisions
66,250
69,925
78,388
84,326
85,904
1,578
1.9
        Total
2,276,267
2,267,987
2,356,366
2,248,232
2,189,183
-59,050
-2.6
U.S. merchandise trade balance:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Agricultural products
30,953
30,976
28,087
9,672
9,307
-364
-3.8
    Forest products
2,761
856
-1,043
-3,316
-5,185
-1,869
-56.3
    Chemicals and related products
-8,321
-5,256
-16,588
-32,396
-41,766
-9,369
-28.9
    Energy-related products
-284,856
-229,679
-190,460
-84,365
-58,631
25,733
30.5
    Textiles and apparel
-91,405
-94,685
-97,702
-103,274
-98,697
4,577
4.4
    Footwear
-22,554
-23,420
-24,561
-26,186
-24,268
1,918
7.3
    Minerals and metals
-31,097
-29,933
-52,589
-53,597
-54,996
-1,400
-2.6
    Machinery
-29,256
-30,610
-39,649
-47,139
-51,622
-4,483
-9.5
    Transportation equipment
-49,921
-53,374
-67,529
-98,921
-98,976
-55
-0.1
    Electronic products
-157,773
-160,466
-171,246
-185,786
-189,576
-3,790
-2.0
    Miscellaneous manufactures
-63,365
-66,094
-66,789
-77,465
-77,298
167
0.2
    Special provisions
-25,611
-27,785
-35,125
-42,887
-43,755
-868
-2.0
        Total
-730,446
-689,470
-735,194
-745,660
-735,462
10,198
1.4

Source: Compiled from official statistics of the U.S. Department of Commerce. These reflect all official revisions of previously published data up to June 2016 (accessed March 27, 2017).

Note: Import values are based on customs value; export values are based on free along ship value, U.S. port of export. Calculations based on unrounded data. Sectors are ordered by the level of processing of the products classified within each sector.

 

US.2 All merchandise sectors: Leading changes in U.S. exports and imports, 2012–16

 
Million $
 
           
Absolute change,
Percent change,
USITC code and industry/commodity group 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2015-16 2015-16
U.S. total exports:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Increases:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
        AG032       Oilseeds
25,129
21,934
24,247
19,193
23,190
3,997
20.8
        TE013        Aircraft, spacecraft, and related equipment
103,699
113,852
124,269
129,380
131,834
2,454
1.9
        EP006        Natural gas and components
9,251
13,031
17,885
11,993
13,816
1,822
15.2
        EL015        Semiconductors and integrated circuits
40,946
41,267
42,051
41,062
42,370
1,308
3.2
        MM038A   Aluminum bars, rods, and profiles
825
985
939
930
2,098
1,168
125.5
        MS019      Arms, ammunition, and armored vehicles
4,976
5,670
5,427
6,209
7,175
967
15.6
        MT019A    Semiconductor manufacturing equipment
14,414
14,566
16,152
17,459
18,367
908
5.2
        MT019      Semiconductor manufacturing equipment and robotics
14,952
15,171
16,748
18,026
18,928
903
5.0
        MM038     Aluminum mill products
5,816
6,142
6,081
5,927
6,828
901
15.2
        MM019     Natural and synthetic gemstones
18,187
20,948
23,050
20,246
21,127
881
4.4
        AG003       Swine and pork
5,497
5,120
5,686
4,611
5,003
392
8.5
        AG036       Infant formulas, malt extracts, and other edible preparations
5,495
6,146
6,339
6,102
6,480
378
6.2
        TE007        Ignition, starting, lighting, and other electrical equipment
3,887
4,130
4,405
4,529
4,849
321
7.1
        EL016        Miscellaneous electrical equipment
3,580
3,524
3,383
3,797
4,079
282
7.4
        AG030       Cereals
20,368
19,958
22,389
18,528
18,810
282
1.5
        MM036A   Unrefined and refined copper
876
506
866
335
606
271
80.9
        AG050       Ethyl alcohol for nonbeverage purposes
1,903
1,555
2,063
1,752
2,019
267
15.3
        MT018      Non-metalworking machine tools
799
739
710
710
962
253
35.6
        EL006        Radio and television broadcasting equipment
1,410
1,367
1,453
1,242
1,459
217
17.4
        MM032     Industrial fasteners of base metal
3,552
3,833
4,069
4,053
4,268
215
5.3
        AG045       Cigarettes
357
494
506
740
952
212
28.7
        MS017      Works of art and miscellaneous manufactured goods
8,137
8,493
11,016
11,915
12,116
201
1.7
        FP002        Lumber
2,747
3,203
3,685
3,277
3,468
191
5.8
        MM040A   Unwrought zinc
88
19
123
54
244
190
354.9
        CH001       Major primary olefins
625
660
415
518
685
167
32.2
        MM040     Zinc and related articles
401
325
443
351
497
147
41.8
        AG015C     Vegetable seeds
695
711
752
786
923
137
17.4
        EL009        Printed circuits
1,749
1,769
1,980
1,725
1,859
134
7.8
        AG019       Prepared or preserved vegetables, mushrooms, and olives
3,276
3,516
3,702
3,606
3,736
130
3.6
        CH020       Essential oils and other flavoring materials
2,417
2,569
2,615
2,680
2,809
129
4.8
    Decreases:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
        EP005        Petroleum products
111,836
121,037
119,145
80,106
70,628
-9,477
-11.8
        TE004        Construction and mining equipment
32,991
26,341
22,947
17,620
12,297
-5,323
-30.2
        MM025     Steel mill products
18,212
17,150
17,070
13,713
11,588
-2,126
-15.5
        EL017        Computers, peripherals, and parts
47,341
46,399
47,247
45,485
43,758
-1,726
-3.8
        MT030      Miscellaneous machinery
12,197
12,315
12,993
12,186
10,470
-1,715
-14.1
        MM020     Precious metals and non-numismatic coins
45,307
40,644
29,744
27,326
25,731
-1,595
-5.8
        MM020A   Unrefined and refined gold
33,804
31,650
20,779
19,077
17,522
-1,555
-8.2
        EL025        Measuring, testing, and controlling instruments
30,719
31,162
30,834
29,184
27,644
-1,541
-5.3
        MT020      Taps, cocks, valves, and similar devices
10,391
11,713
12,909
12,480
11,062
-1,418
-11.4
        AG013       Animal feeds
12,691
14,657
14,518
13,556
12,161
-1,395
-10.3
        CH019       Medicinal chemicals
51,225
51,838
54,670
58,664
57,291
-1,373
-2.3
        EP003        Coal, coke, and related chemical products
17,559
13,712
10,290
6,967
5,653
-1,314
-18.9
        CH006       Certain organic chemicals
19,957
20,024
19,319
16,726
15,437
-1,289
-7.7
        MT023      Electric motors, generators, and related equipment
10,648
9,746
10,382
9,315
8,027
-1,289
-13.8
        TE010        Certain motor-vehicle parts
44,127
45,524
45,849
47,285
46,107
-1,178
-2.5
        CH005       Organic specialty chemicals
9,766
9,391
9,186
8,805
7,720
-1,085
-12.3
        MT009      Farm and garden machinery and equipment
14,021
12,585
11,696
10,346
9,301
-1,044
-10.1
        CH010       Fertilizers
5,878
5,458
5,064
4,816
3,789
-1,027
-21.3
        TE009        Motor vehicles
70,430
74,096
77,763
70,469
69,565
-904
-1.3
        CH030       Other plastics in primary forms
16,249
16,704
17,116
15,913
15,054
-859
-5.4
        MT002      Air-conditioning equipment and parts
10,358
10,860
10,949
10,154
9,306
-848
-8.4
        CH017       Pesticide products and formulations
5,760
6,497
6,274
6,110
5,269
-842
-13.8
        MT001      Pumps for liquids
7,831
8,111
8,347
7,294
6,454
-840
-11.5
        MT021      Mechanical power transmission equipment
3,491
3,448
4,844
4,633
3,811
-821
-17.7
        TE014        Ships, tugs, pleasure boats, and similar vessels
3,574
2,722
3,441
3,174
2,395
-779
-24.5
        EL002        Telecommunications equipment
33,605
36,106
38,937
40,835
40,063
-772
-1.9
        MM025L   Pipes and tubes of carbon and alloy steels
4,374
4,593
4,330
2,860
2,096
-764
-26.7
        TE008        Rail locomotive and rolling stock
3,848
3,875
4,051
4,183
3,425
-758
-18.1
        CH007       Miscellaneous inorganic chemicals
13,878
13,527
14,412
13,874
13,121
-753
-5.4
        EP002        Nuclear materials
1,866
1,227
1,097
1,628
880
-748
-46.0
U.S. general imports:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Increases:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
        MM020     Precious metals and non-numismatic coins
32,164
30,216
26,833
22,046
27,440
5,394
24.5
        MM020A   Unrefined and refined gold
15,875
14,153
12,819
10,131
15,193
5,062
50.0
        EL015        Semiconductors and integrated circuits
37,471
37,947
39,037
40,133
44,212
4,078
10.2
        CH019       Medicinal chemicals
89,365
85,436
93,442
109,717
113,142
3,425
3.1
        TE009        Motor vehicles
168,194
176,789
183,158
197,769
200,790
3,021
1.5
        EL002        Telecommunications equipment
83,922
91,785
98,262
105,085
107,795
2,710
2.6
        CH005       Organic specialty chemicals
11,661
12,785
13,662
11,923
14,613
2,690
22.6
        EL022        Medical goods
32,693
34,213
36,181
37,815
40,163
2,348
6.2
        MS009      Furniture
26,908
28,645
31,034
34,425
35,846
1,421
4.1
        EL004        Blank and prerecorded media
4,269
4,662
5,654
6,862
8,197
1,335
19.4
        CH023       Miscellaneous chemicals and specialties
4,818
5,945
5,676
5,874
7,065
1,191
20.3
        FP002        Lumber
3,961
5,036
5,731
5,446
6,615
1,169
21.5
        MS006      Precious jewelry and related articles
7,542
8,163
8,424
8,562
9,598
1,037
12.1
        AG018       Fresh, chilled, or frozen vegetables
6,516
7,370
7,462
7,784
8,759
975
12.5
        MM037A   Primary and secondary aluminum
6,666
6,375
7,172
7,202
7,939
737
10.2
        MM019     Natural and synthetic gemstones
21,601
24,922
26,491
25,374
26,094
720
2.8
        CH033       Miscellaneous plastic products
27,713
29,259
31,202
32,355
33,044
689
2.1
        AG024       Other fresh fruit
2,942
3,239
3,532
4,076
4,741
666
16.3
        EL020        Optical goods, including ophthalmic goods
9,300
9,498
10,063
10,073
10,723
650
6.5
        EP002        Nuclear materials
4,171
3,846
3,178
2,826
3,440
614
21.7
        TE006        Primary cells and batteries and electric storage batteries
4,665
5,113
5,511
5,588
6,166
578
10.3
        CH021       Perfumes, cosmetics, and toiletries
6,891
7,627
8,167
8,298
8,867
568
6.8
        MM037     Unwrought aluminum
7,945
7,608
8,483
8,376
8,936
560
6.7
        MS011      Lamps and lighting fittings
7,657
8,599
9,375
10,246
10,792
546
5.3
        AG034       Pasta, cereals, and other bakery goods
5,131
5,382
5,603
6,003
6,533
530
8.8
        AG042       Distilled spirits
6,561
6,966
7,122
7,274
7,784
510
7.0
        FP004        Wood veneer and wood panels
3,939
4,588
4,807
5,222
5,729
507
9.7
        AG006       Fresh or frozen fish
6,402
6,680
7,257
7,097
7,603
506
7.1
        MM028     Metal construction components
2,174
2,340
2,497
3,309
3,767
458
13.8
        MS019      Arms, ammunition, and armored vehicles
3,912
4,259
3,499
3,220
3,659
439
13.6
    Decreases:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
        EP004        Crude petroleum
315,820
273,836
246,969
126,064
101,848
-24,216
-19.2
        EP005        Petroleum products
92,564
89,198
79,764
51,516
41,084
-10,432
-20.2
        MM025     Steel mill products
34,231
29,117
38,156
30,428
22,251
-8,177
-26.9
        EL017        Computers, peripherals, and parts
122,736
121,106
121,512
119,579
112,527
-7,052
-5.9
        TX005        Apparel
85,226
88,241
90,460
93,923
88,505
-5,418
-5.8
        TE013        Aircraft, spacecraft, and related equipment
24,134
29,398
34,264
35,067
30,667
-4,400
-12.5
        CH010       Fertilizers
13,218
12,050
11,335
10,926
7,219
-3,708
-33.9
        MM025L   Pipes and tubes of carbon and alloy steels
11,270
8,930
10,141
7,842
4,214
-3,628
-46.3
        EL003        Consumer electronics
47,967
43,195
42,836
42,712
39,337
-3,375
-7.9
        EL003A      Television receivers and video monitors
27,594
24,279
24,363
24,368
21,423
-2,946
-12.1
        TE004        Construction and mining equipment
16,430
13,703
15,402
14,864
12,671
-2,192
-14.8
        FW001      Footwear
23,887
24,811
26,017
27,650
25,634
-2,016
-7.3
        AG002       Cattle and beef
5,353
5,418
8,060
8,768
6,770
-1,998
-22.8
        MM025B   Plates, sheets, and strips of carbon and alloy steels
8,729
7,926
12,266
10,422
8,478
-1,944
-18.7
        TE002        Internal combustion piston engines, other than for aircraft
28,012
26,952
30,234
30,036
28,178
-1,858
-6.2
        MS017      Works of art and miscellaneous manufactured goods
12,573
13,979
14,260
17,364
15,804
-1,560
-9.0
        EP006        Natural gas and components
11,481
13,036
17,070
9,454
8,008
-1,446
-15.3
        MT020      Taps, cocks, valves, and similar devices
13,150
13,719
15,336
14,884
13,475
-1,409
-9.5
        CH007       Miscellaneous inorganic chemicals
10,185
9,288
9,844
9,386
8,173
-1,212
-12.9
        TX005E      Shirts and blouses
26,082
27,488
27,848
28,638
27,586
-1,052
-3.7
        MT001      Pumps for liquids
7,304
7,278
8,313
7,683
6,755
-928
-12.1
        CH032       Tires and tubes
14,835
14,758
15,018
14,561
13,652
-909
-6.2
        MT030      Miscellaneous machinery
11,741
11,901
13,161
13,253
12,347
-906
-6.8
        MM041     Certain base metals and chemical elements
6,761
5,850
6,722
5,323
4,423
-900
-16.9
        CH006       Certain organic chemicals
10,715
10,970
11,667
10,415
9,521
-894
-8.6
        MT009      Farm and garden machinery and equipment
8,110
8,691
9,134
8,592
7,705
-887
-10.3
        MM036     Copper and related articles
9,732
10,155
9,150
7,923
7,120
-803
-10.1
        MS001      Luggage, handbags, and flat goods
9,998
10,586
10,997
11,511
10,751
-760
-6.6
        TE014        Ships, tugs, pleasure boats, and similar vessels
1,951
1,913
1,561
2,785
2,083
-702
-25.2
        EL023        Watches and clocks
4,836
5,119
5,411
5,680
5,012
-668
-11.8

Source: Compiled from official statistics of the U.S. Department of Commerce. These reflect all official revisions of previously published data up to June 2016 (accessed March 27, 2017).

Note: Import values are based on customs value; export values are based on free along ship value, U.S. port of export. Calculations based on unrounded data.

 

Table US.3 All merchandise sectors: U.S. total exports, general imports, and merchandise trade balance, by selected trading partners and groups, 2012–16

 
Million $
 
           
Absolute change,
Percent change,
Item 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2015-16 2015-16
U.S. total exports:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    China
110,517
121,746
123,621
116,072
115,775
-297
-0.3
    Canada
292,651
300,755
312,817
280,609
265,961
-14,648
-5.2
    Mexico
215,875
225,954
240,331
235,745
230,959
-4,786
-2.0
    Japan
69,976
65,237
66,876
62,443
63,264
822
1.3
    Germany
48,803
47,363
49,370
49,971
49,362
-609
-1.2
    South Korea
42,283
41,649
44,625
43,446
42,266
-1,179
-2.7
    United Kingdom
54,860
47,361
53,848
56,115
55,396
-719
-1.3
    France
30,813
31,744
31,307
30,104
30,941
838
2.8
    India
22,106
21,810
21,501
21,452
21,689
237
1.1
    Taiwan
24,337
25,523
26,667
25,860
26,045
185
0.7
    All other
633,601
649,374
650,207
580,757
552,062
-28,695
-4.9
        Total
1,545,821
1,578,517
1,621,172
1,502,572
1,453,721
-48,852
-3.3
    EU-28
265,683
262,095
276,208
271,988
270,325
-1,663
-0.6
    OPEC
90,044
94,145
91,106
80,146
71,177
-8,968
-11.2
    Latin America
399,059
410,370
424,287
388,278
367,574
-20,704
-5.3
    Asia
386,986
402,070
407,163
385,623
383,949
-1,674
-0.4
    Sub-Saharan Africa
22,503
23,978
25,493
18,011
13,601
-4,409
-24.5
U.S. general imports:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    China
425,619
440,430
468,484
483,245
462,813
-20,432
-4.2
    Canada
324,263
332,504
349,278
296,156
278,067
-18,089
-6.1
    Mexico
277,594
280,556
295,739
296,408
294,151
-2,257
-0.8
    Japan
146,432
138,575
134,505
131,364
132,202
838
0.6
    Germany
109,226
114,342
124,179
124,820
114,227
-10,593
-8.5
    South Korea
58,899
62,370
69,680
71,759
69,932
-1,826
-2.5
    United Kingdom
55,006
52,741
54,693
57,962
54,326
-3,636
-6.3
    France
41,646
45,706
47,106
47,815
46,765
-1,051
-2.2
    India
40,513
41,810
45,355
44,792
45,998
1,207
2.7
    Taiwan
38,861
37,939
40,839
40,908
39,313
-1,595
-3.9
    All other
758,210
721,013
726,508
653,004
651,389
-1,615
-0.2
        Total
2,276,267
2,267,987
2,356,366
2,248,232
2,189,183
-59,050
-2.6
    EU-28
382,199
387,510
420,591
427,562
416,665
-10,896
-2.5
    OPEC
200,641
172,672
152,558
86,171
77,555
-8,616
-10.0
    Latin America
449,385
438,985
445,994
412,283
401,965
-10,318
-2.5
    Asia
849,741
865,470
914,157
943,678
928,533
-15,145
-1.6
    Sub-Saharan Africa
49,624
39,294
26,785
18,841
20,132
1,291
6.9
U.S. merchandise trade balance:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    China
-315,102
-318,684
-344,863
-367,173
-347,038
20,135
5.5
    Canada
-31,612
-31,749
-36,461
-15,547
-12,106
3,440
22.1
    Mexico
-61,719
-54,602
-55,408
-60,663
-63,192
-2,529
-4.2
    Japan
-76,456
-73,338
-67,629
-68,922
-68,938
-16
(a)
    Germany
-60,423
-66,978
-74,809
-74,850
-64,865
9,984
13.3
    South Korea
-16,616
-20,722
-25,055
-28,313
-27,666
647
2.3
    United Kingdom
-145
-5,380
-845
-1,848
1,070
2,918
(b)
    France
-10,833
-13,963
-15,799
-17,712
-15,823
1,888
10.7
    India
-18,407
-20,000
-23,854
-23,340
-24,309
-970
-4.2
    Taiwan
-14,524
-12,416
-14,172
-15,048
-13,268
1,780
11.8
    All other
-124,609
-71,639
-76,300
-72,247
-99,327
-27,080
-37.5
        Total
-730,446
-689,470
-735,194
-745,660
-735,462
10,198
1.4
    EU-28
-116,517
-125,415
-144,383
-155,573
-146,340
9,233
5.9
    OPEC
-110,597
-78,527
-61,452
-6,025
-6,378
-352
-5.8
    Latin America
-50,326
-28,615
-21,707
-24,005
-34,392
-10,386
-43.3
    Asia
-462,756
-463,400
-506,994
-558,055
-544,584
13,471
2.4
    Sub-Saharan Africa
-27,122
-15,316
-1,292
-830
-6,530
-5,701
-687.1

Source: Compiled from official statistics of the U.S. Department of Commerce. These reflect all official revisions of previously published data up to June 2016 (accessed March 27, 2017).

Note: Import values are based on customs value; export values are based on free along ship value, U.S. port of export. Calculations based on unrounded data. The countries shown are those with the largest total U.S. trade (U.S. imports plus U.S. exports) in these products in the current year. 

a Less than 0.05 percent.
b Not meaningful for purposes of comparison.