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Table EU28.1 EU-28: U.S. total exports, general imports, and merchandise trade balance, by major industry/commodity sectors, 2012–16

 
Million $
 
           
Absolute change,
Percent change,
Item 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2015-16 2015-16
U.S. total exports:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Agricultural products
12,411
13,982
14,828
14,142
13,329
-813
-5.8
    Forest products
5,225
5,171
5,274
5,339
5,119
-220
-4.1
    Chemicals and related products
56,883
57,329
59,106
62,915
60,634
-2,281
-3.6
    Energy-related products
26,129
26,435
23,938
16,753
14,544
-2,209
-13.2
    Textiles and apparel
2,401
2,512
2,600
2,612
2,563
-49
-1.9
    Footwear
92
111
105
89
88
-1
-1.4
    Minerals and metals
27,679
21,191
24,460
22,405
21,973
-432
-1.9
    Machinery
18,730
19,328
21,126
20,777
20,035
-742
-3.6
    Transportation equipment
52,979
52,983
56,791
59,713
63,880
4,167
7.0
    Electronic products
46,442
46,508
49,449
48,382
47,854
-527
-1.1
    Miscellaneous manufactures
9,158
8,948
10,511
10,445
12,043
1,597
15.3
    Special provisions
7,553
7,596
8,022
8,417
8,264
-153
-1.8
        Total
265,683
262,095
276,208
271,988
270,325
-1,663
-0.6
U.S. general imports:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Agricultural products
20,516
21,482
22,799
23,523
24,785
1,262
5.4
    Forest products
4,535
4,752
4,974
5,121
5,337
216
4.2
    Chemicals and related products
87,933
86,870
96,207
105,936
106,653
717
0.7
    Energy-related products
27,776
24,483
22,336
14,271
12,067
-2,204
-15.4
    Textiles and apparel
5,425
5,696
6,229
6,068
5,687
-381
-6.3
    Footwear
1,687
1,869
2,092
2,054
2,054
(a)
(b)
    Minerals and metals
30,279
29,461
32,715
30,020
27,204
-2,815
-9.4
    Machinery
41,693
41,886
47,764
46,092
44,147
-1,945
-4.2
    Transportation equipment
85,627
91,012
100,170
105,942
95,782
-10,160
-9.6
    Electronic products
42,489
43,078
45,290
44,970
48,570
3,600
8.0
    Miscellaneous manufactures
15,268
17,412
17,890
19,262
18,787
-475
-2.5
    Special provisions
18,971
19,509
22,126
24,303
25,592
1,289
5.3
        Total
382,199
387,510
420,591
427,562
416,665
-10,896
-2.5
U.S. merchandise trade balance:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Agricultural products
-8,105
-7,500
-7,971
-9,381
-11,456
-2,076
-22.1
    Forest products
689
419
300
218
-218
-435
(c)
    Chemicals and related products
-31,050
-29,542
-37,101
-43,021
-46,019
-2,999
-7.0
    Energy-related products
-1,647
1,952
1,602
2,482
2,478
-4
-0.2
    Textiles and apparel
-3,024
-3,183
-3,628
-3,455
-3,123
332
9.6
    Footwear
-1,596
-1,758
-1,987
-1,965
-1,966
-1
-0.1
    Minerals and metals
-2,600
-8,270
-8,255
-7,615
-5,232
2,383
31.3
    Machinery
-22,963
-22,558
-26,638
-25,316
-24,113
1,203
4.8
    Transportation equipment
-32,648
-38,029
-43,380
-46,230
-31,902
14,327
31.0
    Electronic products
3,953
3,430
4,159
3,412
-715
-4,127
(c)
    Miscellaneous manufactures
-6,109
-8,464
-7,379
-8,817
-6,745
2,072
23.5
    Special provisions
-11,418
-11,913
-14,103
-15,886
-17,328
-1,442
-9.1
        Total
-116,517
-125,415
-144,383
-155,573
-146,340
9,233
5.9

Source: Compiled from official statistics of the U.S. Department of Commerce. These reflect all official revisions of previously published data up to June 2016 (accessed March 27, 2017).

Note: Import values are based on customs value; export values are based on free along ship value, U.S. port of export. Calculations based on unrounded data. Sectors are ordered by the level of processing of the products classified within each sector.

Less than $500,000.
Less than 0.05 percent.
Not meaningful for purposes of comparison.

Table EU28.2 EU-28: Leading changes in U.S. exports and imports, 2012–16

 
Million $
 
           
Absolute change,
Percent change,
USITC code and industry/commodity group 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2015-16 2015-16
U.S. total exports:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Increases:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
        TE013        Aircraft, spacecraft, and related equipment
28,936
30,735
32,387
34,656
38,084
3,427
9.9
        MS017      Works of art and miscellaneous manufactured goods
4,058
4,409
5,469
5,477
6,873
1,396
25.5
        EP004        Crude petroleum
0
0
193
302
1,466
1,165
386.4
        TE009        Motor vehicles
9,428
8,386
9,654
10,227
11,384
1,157
11.3
        EP006        Natural gas and components
414
1,090
1,758
979
1,403
424
43.3
        MM020A   Unrefined and refined gold
7,364
1,504
3,293
3,670
3,983
313
8.5
        MM019     Natural and synthetic gemstones
3,733
3,834
4,697
3,944
4,211
266
6.7
        EL015        Semiconductors and integrated circuits
2,360
2,215
2,433
2,318
2,473
155
6.7
        CH021       Perfumes, cosmetics, and toiletries
1,723
1,874
2,156
2,251
2,384
132
5.9
        EL012        Circuit apparatus assemblies
737
823
1,010
984
1,113
129
13.1
        MS013      Toys and games
391
361
396
433
557
124
28.7
        TE001        Aircraft engines and gas turbines
3,139
2,740
2,881
2,725
2,819
94
3.4
        EL011        Circuit apparatus not exceeding 1000V
1,084
1,095
1,188
1,148
1,241
93
8.1
        AG033       Animal or vegetable fats and oils
570
496
433
396
487
90
22.8
        CH033       Miscellaneous plastic products
3,272
3,332
3,671
3,729
3,818
90
2.4
        MT022      Boilers, turbines, and related machinery
264
227
285
209
297
88
42.0
        MT005      Centrifuges and filtering and purifying equipment
1,174
1,235
1,364
1,358
1,442
84
6.2
        EL016        Miscellaneous electrical equipment
495
552
507
500
582
81
16.3
        TE011A     Motorcycles and mopeds
520
550
651
674
752
78
11.5
        EL005        Navigational instruments and remote control apparatus
877
796
1,111
913
989
76
8.3
        EL006        Radio and television broadcasting equipment
232
183
199
191
264
73
38.2
        MS006      Precious jewelry and related articles
1,720
1,531
1,774
1,707
1,779
73
4.3
        TE008        Rail locomotive and rolling stock
136
177
216
160
229
69
43.2
        AG041       Wine and certain other fermented beverages
485
629
526
629
694
65
10.3
        AG017       Miscellaneous vegetable substances
306
286
294
299
361
62
20.7
        AG036       Infant formulas, malt extracts, and other edible preparations
613
765
849
760
820
60
7.8
        MT029      Nonautomotive insulated electrical wire and related products
574
707
675
624
683
59
9.4
        CH020       Essential oils and other flavoring materials
575
640
668
687
738
51
7.4
        TE006        Primary cells and batteries and electric storage batteries
587
679
848
955
1,005
50
5.2
        CH022       Soaps, detergents, and surface-active agents
736
731
847
751
800
49
6.5
    Decreases:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
        EP005        Petroleum products
18,517
20,088
17,507
11,997
9,355
-2,643
-22.0
        CH019       Medicinal chemicals
28,107
28,566
29,689
34,016
32,917
-1,098
-3.2
        EP003        Coal, coke, and related chemical products
6,669
5,093
3,963
2,567
1,781
-786
-30.6
        CH005       Organic specialty chemicals
3,701
3,417
3,143
3,130
2,686
-444
-14.2
        AG020       Edible nuts
1,861
2,571
3,030
3,166
2,741
-425
-13.4
        EP002        Nuclear materials
529
164
517
908
539
-368
-40.6
        MT019A    Semiconductor manufacturing equipment
1,830
2,111
2,308
2,409
2,060
-349
-14.5
        MT019      Semiconductor manufacturing equipment and robotics
1,965
2,240
2,442
2,549
2,205
-344
-13.5
        MM025     Steel mill products
1,346
1,113
1,121
1,040
756
-284
-27.3
        CH004       Organic commodity chemicals
804
972
1,127
835
561
-274
-32.8
        EL022        Medical goods
15,674
16,085
16,599
16,520
16,250
-270
-1.6
        EL025        Measuring, testing, and controlling instruments
6,486
6,536
6,924
6,659
6,391
-267
-4.0
        AG013       Animal feeds
718
1,396
1,150
884
620
-264
-29.8
        EL017        Computers, peripherals, and parts
6,477
6,301
6,543
6,265
6,015
-249
-4.0
        CH017       Pesticide products and formulations
1,950
1,856
1,411
1,637
1,389
-248
-15.1
        TE002        Internal combustion piston engines, other than for aircraft
2,618
2,482
2,469
2,236
1,992
-244
-10.9
        CH006       Certain organic chemicals
3,059
3,026
3,174
3,074
2,860
-214
-7.0
        TE010        Certain motor-vehicle parts
2,312
2,348
2,810
3,451
3,245
-206
-6.0
        MT030      Miscellaneous machinery
1,598
1,784
1,976
1,863
1,667
-195
-10.5
        TE004        Construction and mining equipment
2,575
2,172
1,841
1,668
1,490
-177
-10.6
        MM007A   Molybdenum ores and concentrates
712
598
757
416
244
-172
-41.4
        MM007     Certain ores, concentrates, ash, and residues
740
620
778
446
278
-168
-37.7
        MT009      Farm and garden machinery and equipment
2,236
1,991
2,025
1,854
1,691
-162
-8.8
        MM025L   Pipes and tubes of carbon and alloy steels
173
203
189
260
113
-147
-56.5
        FP001        Logs and rough wood products
381
510
664
856
711
-145
-17.0
        MT020      Taps, cocks, valves, and similar devices
1,552
1,691
2,027
2,066
1,941
-125
-6.0
        EL019        Optical fibers, optical fiber bundles and cables
306
277
357
460
337
-123
-26.8
        MM025G  Plates, sheets, and strips of stainless steels
431
403
423
302
195
-107
-35.4
        AG042       Distilled spirits
761
801
852
878
782
-96
-11.0
        CH007       Miscellaneous inorganic chemicals
2,384
2,135
2,416
2,335
2,239
-96
-4.1
U.S. general imports:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Increases:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
        EL015        Semiconductors and integrated circuits
2,160
2,019
1,812
2,076
4,303
2,227
107.3
        CH005       Organic specialty chemicals
3,833
4,542
4,371
4,322
6,103
1,781
41.2
        EL022        Medical goods
13,672
14,152
14,467
14,475
15,128
653
4.5
        EL002        Telecommunications equipment
3,288
3,076
3,470
3,281
3,866
585
17.8
        MS006      Precious jewelry and related articles
1,327
1,529
1,755
1,579
2,009
430
27.3
        AG042       Distilled spirits
5,146
5,460
5,411
5,506
5,923
417
7.6
        MS019      Arms, ammunition, and armored vehicles
1,809
2,181
1,825
1,612
1,873
262
16.2
        MT006      Wrapping, packaging, and can-sealing machinery
1,451
1,656
1,758
1,593
1,831
238
14.9
        AG033       Animal or vegetable fats and oils
945
963
1,159
1,081
1,316
234
21.7
        MS019A    Small arms and ammunition
1,242
1,571
1,400
1,260
1,484
223
17.7
        EL020        Optical goods, including ophthalmic goods
2,568
2,758
3,000
3,046
3,250
204
6.7
        CH021       Perfumes, cosmetics, and toiletries
3,433
3,845
4,289
4,128
4,325
197
4.8
        AG041       Wine and certain other fermented beverages
3,499
3,733
3,923
3,972
4,159
187
4.7
        EP002        Nuclear materials
2,735
1,794
1,326
1,069
1,243
174
16.3
        EL017        Computers, peripherals, and parts
3,017
3,060
3,057
2,838
2,992
154
5.4
        EL012        Circuit apparatus assemblies
1,376
1,489
1,712
1,730
1,873
143
8.3
        FP013        Printing and writing papers
1,016
949
830
885
1,028
142
16.1
        EP004        Crude petroleum
888
1,011
414
244
386
142
58.3
        AG037       Cocoa, chocolate, and confectionery
1,030
977
1,004
896
1,036
140
15.6
        AG039       Nonalcoholic beverages, excluding fruit and vegetable juices
899
914
972
1,082
1,220
138
12.8
        EL006        Radio and television broadcasting equipment
134
113
147
154
260
106
68.3
        MT012      Printing and related machinery
653
655
717
689
785
96
13.9
        CH023       Miscellaneous chemicals and specialties
1,410
1,838
1,662
1,625
1,719
93
5.7
        MM012     Ceramic floor and wall tiles
523
616
679
761
852
91
12.0
        MS009      Furniture
2,148
2,513
2,849
2,892
2,983
90
3.1
        MT010      Industrial food-processing and related machinery
721
872
938
971
1,058
86
8.9
        TE006        Primary cells and batteries and electric storage batteries
363
418
430
405
487
82
20.1
        FP004        Wood veneer and wood panels
193
245
306
354
435
81
23.0
        CH033       Miscellaneous plastic products
3,292
3,684
3,943
4,025
4,106
81
2.0
        MT011      Pulp, paper, and paperboard machinery
738
501
650
733
814
81
11.0
    Decreases:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
        TE009        Motor vehicles
33,844
37,177
40,316
46,186
43,399
-2,787
-6.0
        EP005        Petroleum products
23,689
21,461
20,241
12,715
10,229
-2,486
-19.5
        MM025     Steel mill products
8,518
6,761
8,649
7,058
4,954
-2,104
-29.8
        TE013        Aircraft, spacecraft, and related equipment
10,464
13,010
14,157
13,965
12,094
-1,872
-13.4
        TE002        Internal combustion piston engines, other than for aircraft
7,565
7,326
8,649
8,649
7,060
-1,589
-18.4
        TE001        Aircraft engines and gas turbines
12,098
12,674
13,487
13,172
11,605
-1,567
-11.9
        MS017      Works of art and miscellaneous manufactured goods
6,669
7,683
7,644
9,375
7,993
-1,382
-14.7
        TE004        Construction and mining equipment
6,098
5,487
6,079
5,841
4,859
-982
-16.8
        MM025L   Pipes and tubes of carbon and alloy steels
2,721
1,912
2,141
1,829
849
-981
-53.6
        TE010        Certain motor-vehicle parts
8,418
8,653
9,900
10,142
9,365
-777
-7.7
        MT019A    Semiconductor manufacturing equipment
3,537
2,793
4,663
3,731
3,170
-560
-15.0
        MT019      Semiconductor manufacturing equipment and robotics
3,744
3,042
4,934
4,077
3,530
-548
-13.4
        MT009      Farm and garden machinery and equipment
3,115
3,498
3,810
3,315
2,909
-407
-12.3
        MT020      Taps, cocks, valves, and similar devices
3,323
3,576
4,155
4,068
3,669
-399
-9.8
        CH019       Medicinal chemicals
56,963
53,277
60,976
72,101
71,716
-385
-0.5
        MM025B   Plates, sheets, and strips of carbon and alloy steels
1,945
1,882
2,685
2,348
1,976
-372
-15.8
        EL025        Measuring, testing, and controlling instruments
7,946
7,957
8,310
8,077
7,757
-320
-4.0
        MM019     Natural and synthetic gemstones
3,736
4,306
4,224
4,259
3,939
-320
-7.5
        MT030      Miscellaneous machinery
3,883
4,133
4,516
4,309
3,990
-319
-7.4
        MT001      Pumps for liquids
2,235
2,268
2,482
2,327
2,017
-309
-13.3
        TE011        Powersport vehicles
734
775
915
1,163
964
-198
-17.1
        TE014        Ships, tugs, pleasure boats, and similar vessels
663
657
737
1,143
950
-193
-16.9
        CH032       Tires and tubes
1,894
1,973
2,088
2,225
2,039
-186
-8.4
        MT021      Mechanical power transmission equipment
2,375
2,061
2,214
2,137
1,956
-181
-8.5
        MM041     Certain base metals and chemical elements
1,578
1,347
1,555
1,372
1,191
-181
-13.2
        TX005        Apparel
2,507
2,700
2,988
2,867
2,687
-180
-6.3
        MM025C   Bars, rods, and light shapes of carbon and alloy steels
699
576
769
626
448
-178
-28.4
        MM031     Miscellaneous products of base metal
2,080
2,044
2,314
2,254
2,077
-176
-7.8
        TE003        Forklift trucks and similar industrial vehicles
1,003
1,130
1,342
1,352
1,186
-166
-12.3
        MT005      Centrifuges and filtering and purifying equipment
1,784
1,853
2,049
2,111
1,955
-156
-7.4

Source: Compiled from official statistics of the U.S. Department of Commerce. These reflect all official revisions of previously published data up to June 2016 (accessed March 27, 2017).

Note: Import values are based on customs value; export values are based on free along ship value, U.S. port of export. Calculations based on unrounded data.