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Agricultural Products

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Table AG.1 Agricultural products: U.S. exports and general imports, by selected trading partners, 2012–16

 
Million $
 
           
Absolute change,
Percent change,
Item 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2015-16 2015-16
U.S. exports of domestic merchandise:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Canada
22,346
23,139
23,785
22,523
21,810
-714
-3.2
    Mexico
18,963
18,256
19,496
17,836
17,989
153
0.9
    China
27,161
26,790
25,673
21,603
22,829
1,226
5.7
    Japan
14,602
13,265
14,228
12,300
12,049
-251
-2.0
    South Korea
6,510
5,805
7,457
6,697
6,821
124
1.9
    Vietnam
1,747
2,272
2,541
2,492
2,937
445
17.9
    Indonesia
2,488
2,806
2,913
2,189
2,681
492
22.5
    France
680
853
826
761
785
24
3.2
    Italy
996
1,374
1,419
1,292
1,201
-91
-7.0
    Chile
703
910
867
820
851
32
3.8
    All other
53,303
56,854
59,486
52,577
52,806
229
0.4
        Total domestic exports
149,501
152,324
158,691
141,089
142,759
1,670
1.2
Re-exports
4,773
5,309
5,729
5,541
6,013
472
8.5
Total U.S. exports (domestic and re-exports)
154,274
157,633
164,420
146,630
148,772
2,142
1.5
U.S. general imports:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Canada
23,214
24,941
26,437
25,290
25,292
2
(a)
    Mexico
17,752
19,296
21,218
23,008
24,896
1,888
8.2
    China
7,063
6,989
7,008
6,801
6,724
-77
-1.1
    Japan
787
763
782
828
917
89
10.8
    South Korea
555
638
673
739
810
71
9.6
    Vietnam
2,425
2,765
3,362
3,135
3,520
386
12.3
    Indonesia
2,511
2,795
3,561
3,513
3,624
111
3.2
    France
4,266
4,465
4,690
4,824
5,243
419
8.7
    Italy
3,933
4,232
4,513
4,621
4,826
206
4.5
    Chile
3,520
4,296
4,478
4,297
4,760
464
10.8
    All other
57,296
55,478
59,610
59,904
58,852
-1,053
-1.8
        Total general imports
123,321
126,657
136,333
136,959
139,465
2,506
1.8

Source: Compiled from official statistics of the U.S. Department of Commerce. These reflect all official revisions of previously published data up to June 2016 (accessed March 27, 2017).

Note: Import values are based on customs value; export values are based on free along ship value, U.S. port of export. Calculations based on unrounded data. The countries shown are those with the largest total U.S. trade (U.S. general imports plus U.S. domestic exports) in these products in the current year.

a Less than 0.05 percent.

Table AG.2  Agricultural products: Leading changes in U.S. exports and imports, 2012–16

 
Million $
 
           
Absolute change,
Percent change,
USITC code and industry/commodity group 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2015-16 2015-16
U.S. domestic exports:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Increases:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
        AG032       Oilseeds
25,109
21,909
24,219
19,170
23,165
3,995
20.8
        AG003       Swine and pork
5,494
5,115
5,671
4,606
4,974
368
8.0
        AG036       Infant formulas, malt extracts, and other edible preparations
5,421
6,065
6,248
6,019
6,363
344
5.7
        AG030       Cereals
20,325
19,845
22,274
18,489
18,764
275
1.5
        AG050       Ethyl alcohol for nonbeverage purposes
1,901
1,555
2,062
1,751
2,018
267
15.3
        AG019       Prepared or preserved vegetables, mushrooms, and olives
3,193
3,426
3,614
3,529
3,674
146
4.1
        AG015C     Vegetable seeds
495
473
496
509
620
111
21.8
        AG002       Cattle and beef
5,625
6,100
6,843
5,961
6,053
91
1.5
        AG049       Cotton, not carded or combed
6,225
5,592
4,396
3,889
3,959
71
1.8
        AG015       Seeds
1,560
1,639
1,704
1,631
1,698
67
4.1
        AG018       Fresh, chilled, or frozen vegetables
2,266
2,482
2,489
2,447
2,496
49
2.0
        AG035       Sauces, condiments, and soups
1,576
1,741
1,917
2,075
2,109
34
1.6
        AG017       Miscellaneous vegetable substances
1,006
916
910
870
901
31
3.6
        AG022       Citrus fruit
1,135
1,139
1,030
1,035
1,061
26
2.5
        AG024       Other fresh fruit
1,781
1,919
1,863
1,675
1,695
20
1.2
        AG015D    Grain seeds
344
419
510
366
383
16
4.5
        AG041       Wine and certain other fermented beverages
1,336
1,553
1,494
1,603
1,620
16
1.0
        AG031       Milled grains, malts, and starches
820
767
778
700
714
14
2.0
        AG028       Coffee and tea
1,352
1,306
1,254
1,183
1,197
14
1.2
        AG012B    High fructose corn sweetener
780
620
502
467
478
11
2.3
        AG033       Animal or vegetable fats and oils
4,418
3,585
3,208
2,955
2,963
9
0.3
        AG037       Cocoa, chocolate, and confectionery
1,980
2,174
2,311
2,268
2,275
8
0.3
        AG021       Tropical fruit
153
174
154
153
160
7
4.7
        AG026       Frozen fruit
210
218
236
192
198
6
3.4
        AG014       Live plants
218
242
248
240
247
6
2.7
        AG008       Cured and other fish
274
288
274
275
280
5
1.9
        AG015B    Fruit seed
53
50
50
61
64
3
4.7
        AG004       Sheep and meat of sheep
21
21
22
13
15
2
15.0
        AG015E     Sugar beet seed
5
4
7
8
9
1
12.9
        AG045       Cigarettes
317
288
274
256
257
1
0.3
    Decreases:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
        AG013       Animal feeds
12,626
14,596
14,454
13,512
12,118
-1,394
-10.3
        AG010       Dairy products
4,813
6,377
6,748
4,891
4,374
-517
-10.6
        AG046       Hides, skins, and leather
3,155
3,664
3,717
3,050
2,628
-422
-13.8
        AG020       Edible nuts
6,879
8,340
8,679
9,083
8,722
-361
-4.0
        AG034       Pasta, cereals, and other bakery goods
3,407
3,650
3,735
3,710
3,480
-230
-6.2
        AG047       Furskins
582
667
537
494
303
-192
-38.8
        AG005       Poultry
5,530
5,586
5,577
4,042
3,883
-159
-3.9
        AG001       Certain miscellaneous animals and meats
2,808
2,997
3,239
3,096
2,945
-151
-4.9
        AG042       Distilled spirits
1,502
1,534
1,601
1,613
1,473
-140
-8.7
        AG006       Fresh or frozen fish
3,188
3,279
3,260
3,181
3,061
-119
-3.7
        AG011       Eggs
483
610
611
609
519
-90
-14.8
        AG039       Nonalcoholic beverages, excluding fruit and vegetable juices
1,170
1,303
1,392
1,475
1,393
-81
-5.5
        AG023       Deciduous fruit
2,043
1,989
2,021
1,847
1,775
-72
-3.9
        AG038       Fruit and vegetable juices
1,217
1,223
1,131
1,041
974
-68
-6.5
        AG025       Dried fruit other than tropical
689
675
692
635
575
-59
-9.3
        AG015F     Oilseed seeds
214
216
189
232
193
-39
-16.9
        AG007       Canned fish
270
280
262
254
215
-39
-15.4
        AG012A    Sugar
271
273
244
221
184
-37
-16.7
        AG027       Prepared or preserved fruit
520
582
680
745
715
-30
-4.0
        AG012       Sugar and other sweeteners
1,493
1,359
1,184
1,081
1,051
-29
-2.7
        AG015A    Grass seed
447
475
449
453
428
-25
-5.6
        AG043       Unmanufactured tobacco
1,101
1,138
1,086
1,109
1,089
-20
-1.8
        AG044       Cigars and certain other manufactured tobacco
166
197
153
167
152
-15
-9.2
        AG009       Shellfish
1,503
1,501
1,686
1,636
1,632
-5
-0.3
        AG016       Cut flowers
26
24
22
22
18
-4
-17.6
        AG048       Wool and other animal hair
18
24
22
21
18
-3
-14.0
        AG040       Malt beverages
446
518
538
613
611
-2
-0.4
        AG029       Spices
149
154
169
177
175
-2
-1.1
U.S. general imports:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Increases:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
        AG018       Fresh, chilled, or frozen vegetables
6,516
7,370
7,462
7,784
8,759
975
12.5
        AG024       Other fresh fruit
2,942
3,239
3,532
4,076
4,741
666
16.3
        AG034       Pasta, cereals, and other bakery goods
5,131
5,382
5,603
6,003
6,533
530
8.8
        AG042       Distilled spirits
6,561
6,966
7,122
7,274
7,784
510
7.0
        AG006       Fresh or frozen fish
6,402
6,680
7,257
7,097
7,603
506
7.1
        AG033       Animal or vegetable fats and oils
5,971
5,823
5,880
5,742
6,164
422
7.4
        AG021       Tropical fruit
3,974
4,391
4,958
5,151
5,539
388
7.5
        AG037       Cocoa, chocolate, and confectionery
5,585
5,734
6,411
6,513
6,865
352
5.4
        AG040       Malt beverages
3,706
3,709
4,154
4,550
4,871
321
7.0
        AG009       Shellfish
8,058
9,116
10,921
9,672
9,963
291
3.0
        AG039       Nonalcoholic beverages, excluding fruit and vegetable juices
2,407
2,590
2,791
3,147
3,393
246
7.8
        AG041       Wine and certain other fermented beverages
5,208
5,419
5,553
5,617
5,816
199
3.5
        AG019       Prepared or preserved vegetables, mushrooms, and olives
3,433
3,384
3,481
3,524
3,720
195
5.5
        AG036       Infant formulas, malt extracts, and other edible preparations
2,274
2,455
2,537
2,612
2,800
188
7.2
        AG020       Edible nuts
1,999
2,000
2,361
2,768
2,871
103
3.7
        AG016       Cut flowers
968
1,001
1,021
1,025
1,129
103
10.1
        AG012A    Sugar
2,348
1,672
1,681
1,822
1,917
95
5.2
        AG044       Cigars and certain other manufactured tobacco
683
777
823
919
1,008
89
9.7
        AG023       Deciduous fruit
372
461
504
515
600
86
16.6
        AG022       Citrus fruit
863
970
1,068
1,175
1,259
83
7.1
        AG035       Sauces, condiments, and soups
1,230
1,282
1,314
1,321
1,402
81
6.2
        AG027       Prepared or preserved fruit
1,634
1,781
1,820
2,011
2,080
69
3.4
        AG043       Unmanufactured tobacco
958
987
830
727
789
62
8.5
        AG029       Spices
1,197
1,276
1,430
1,694
1,742
49
2.9
        AG001       Certain miscellaneous animals and meats
2,102
2,232
2,462
2,619
2,647
28
1.1
        AG008       Cured and other fish
548
540
540
579
602
23
3.9
        AG005       Poultry
373
403
432
550
568
18
3.3
        AG031       Milled grains, malts, and starches
1,114
1,271
1,389
1,405
1,421
16
1.2
        AG045       Cigarettes
188
411
404
412
427
15
3.7
        AG015A    Grass seed
164
184
208
161
175
14
8.9
    Decreases:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
        AG002       Cattle and beef
5,353
5,418
8,060
8,768
6,770
-1,998
-22.8
        AG030       Cereals
2,670
3,417
2,834
2,429
2,008
-421
-17.3
        AG017       Miscellaneous vegetable substances
5,043
3,428
3,085
2,513
2,149
-364
-14.5
        AG028       Coffee and tea
7,615
6,440
6,954
6,927
6,621
-306
-4.4
        AG032       Oilseeds
843
1,421
2,050
1,099
906
-193
-17.6
        AG013       Animal feeds
2,676
2,905
3,139
2,974
2,785
-189
-6.4
        AG010       Dairy products
2,515
2,454
2,792
2,802
2,674
-128
-4.6
        AG050       Ethyl alcohol for nonbeverage purposes
1,839
1,415
620
561
474
-87
-15.5
        AG026       Frozen fruit
625
631
734
893
815
-79
-8.8
        AG011       Eggs
43
42
63
186
116
-70
-37.6
        AG012       Sugar and other sweeteners
3,308
2,703
2,819
2,971
2,901
-70
-2.4
        AG047       Furskins
207
265
280
224
154
-70
-31.3
        AG007       Canned fish
1,596
1,527
1,441
1,286
1,221
-65
-5.0
        AG003       Swine and pork
1,354
1,504
1,916
1,692
1,645
-47
-2.8
        AG015D    Grain seeds
456
671
463
226
199
-27
-11.9
        AG012B    High fructose corn sweetener
120
134
145
129
107
-22
-17.1
        AG004       Sheep and meat of sheep
553
567
677
673
656
-17
-2.5
        AG046       Hides, skins, and leather
684
721
800
804
790
-14
-1.8
        AG025       Dried fruit other than tropical
218
215
224
260
255
-5
-1.8
        AG015F     Oilseed seeds
106
132
59
61
57
-4
-7.1
        AG048       Wool and other animal hair
34
28
25
23
19
-4
-15.4
        AG015       Seeds
1,289
1,541
1,311
1,027
1,024
-3
-0.3
        AG015E     Sugar beet seed
(a)
(a)
(a)
(a)
(a)
(a)
-72.6

Source: Compiled from official statistics of the U.S. Department of Commerce. These reflect all official revisions of previously published data up to June 2016 (accessed March 27, 2017).

Note: Import values are based on customs value; export values are based on free along ship value, U.S. port of export. Calculations based on unrounded data.

a Less than $500,000.