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Trade Shifts 2016 Tables

Table US.1 U.S. total exports, generakl imports, and merchandise trade balance, by major industry/commodity sectors, 2012–16

 
Million $
 
           
Absolute change,
Percent change,
Item 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2015-16 2015-16
U.S. total exports:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Agricultural products
154,274
157,633
164,420
146,630
148,772
2,142
1.5
    Forest products
39,832
40,839
41,169
39,061
37,962
-1,099
-2.8
    Chemicals and related products
228,922
231,422
234,954
227,882
218,143
-9,739
-4.3
    Energy-related products
143,379
154,463
161,165
109,703
99,414
-10,289
-9.4
    Textiles and apparel
22,454
23,318
23,985
23,274
21,615
-1,659
-7.1
    Footwear
1,332
1,391
1,456
1,464
1,366
-98
-6.7
    Minerals and metals
163,980
160,510
152,914
135,659
128,621
-7,037
-5.2
    Machinery
138,528
139,616
145,881
138,719
128,005
-10,713
-7.7
    Transportation equipment
313,396
322,152
336,495
327,286
319,379
-7,907
-2.4
    Electronic products
257,698
261,190
267,833
264,079
260,535
-3,544
-1.3
    Miscellaneous manufactures
41,385
43,842
47,636
47,377
47,760
383
0.8
    Special provisions
40,639
42,140
43,263
41,439
42,149
710
1.7
        Total
1,545,821
1,578,517
1,621,172
1,502,572
1,453,721
-48,852
-3.3
U.S. general imports:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Agricultural products
123,321
126,657
136,333
136,959
139,465
2,506
1.8
    Forest products
37,071
39,984
42,212
42,378
43,147
769
1.8
    Chemicals and related products
237,243
236,678
251,542
260,278
259,908
-370
-0.1
    Energy-related products
428,235
384,142
351,626
194,068
158,045
-36,023
-18.6
    Textiles and apparel
113,860
118,003
121,687
126,548
120,312
-6,236
-4.9
    Footwear
23,887
24,811
26,017
27,650
25,634
-2,016
-7.3
    Minerals and metals
195,077
190,442
205,502
189,255
183,618
-5,638
-3.0
    Machinery
167,784
170,227
185,530
185,858
179,627
-6,231
-3.4
    Transportation equipment
363,317
375,526
404,024
426,207
418,355
-7,852
-1.8
    Electronic products
415,472
421,656
439,079
449,865
450,110
246
0.1
    Miscellaneous manufactures
104,750
109,936
114,426
124,842
125,058
217
0.2
    Special provisions
66,250
69,925
78,388
84,326
85,904
1,578
1.9
        Total
2,276,267
2,267,987
2,356,366
2,248,232
2,189,183
-59,050
-2.6
U.S. merchandise trade balance:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Agricultural products
30,953
30,976
28,087
9,672
9,307
-364
-3.8
    Forest products
2,761
856
-1,043
-3,316
-5,185
-1,869
-56.3
    Chemicals and related products
-8,321
-5,256
-16,588
-32,396
-41,766
-9,369
-28.9
    Energy-related products
-284,856
-229,679
-190,460
-84,365
-58,631
25,733
30.5
    Textiles and apparel
-91,405
-94,685
-97,702
-103,274
-98,697
4,577
4.4
    Footwear
-22,554
-23,420
-24,561
-26,186
-24,268
1,918
7.3
    Minerals and metals
-31,097
-29,933
-52,589
-53,597
-54,996
-1,400
-2.6
    Machinery
-29,256
-30,610
-39,649
-47,139
-51,622
-4,483
-9.5
    Transportation equipment
-49,921
-53,374
-67,529
-98,921
-98,976
-55
-0.1
    Electronic products
-157,773
-160,466
-171,246
-185,786
-189,576
-3,790
-2.0
    Miscellaneous manufactures
-63,365
-66,094
-66,789
-77,465
-77,298
167
0.2
    Special provisions
-25,611
-27,785
-35,125
-42,887
-43,755
-868
-2.0
        Total
-730,446
-689,470
-735,194
-745,660
-735,462
10,198
1.4

Source: Compiled from official statistics of the U.S. Department of Commerce. These reflect all official revisions of previously published data up to June 2016 (accessed March 27, 2017).

Note: Import values are based on customs value; export values are based on free along ship value, U.S. port of export. Calculations based on unrounded data. Sectors are ordered by the level of processing of the products classified within each sector.

US.2 All merchandise sectors: Leading changes in U.S. exports and imports, 2012–16

 
Million $
 
           
Absolute change,
Percent change,
USITC code and industry/commodity group 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2015-16 2015-16
U.S. total exports:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Increases:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
        AG032       Oilseeds
25,129
21,934
24,247
19,193
23,190
3,997
20.8
        TE013        Aircraft, spacecraft, and related equipment
103,699
113,852
124,269
129,380
131,834
2,454
1.9
        EP006        Natural gas and components
9,251
13,031
17,885
11,993
13,816
1,822
15.2
        EL015        Semiconductors and integrated circuits
40,946
41,267
42,051
41,062
42,370
1,308
3.2
        MM038A   Aluminum bars, rods, and profiles
825
985
939
930
2,098
1,168
125.5
        MS019      Arms, ammunition, and armored vehicles
4,976
5,670
5,427
6,209
7,175
967
15.6
        MT019A    Semiconductor manufacturing equipment
14,414
14,566
16,152
17,459
18,367
908
5.2
        MT019      Semiconductor manufacturing equipment and robotics
14,952
15,171
16,748
18,026
18,928
903
5.0
        MM038     Aluminum mill products
5,816
6,142
6,081
5,927
6,828
901
15.2
        MM019     Natural and synthetic gemstones
18,187
20,948
23,050
20,246
21,127
881
4.4
        AG003       Swine and pork
5,497
5,120
5,686
4,611
5,003
392
8.5
        AG036       Infant formulas, malt extracts, and other edible preparations
5,495
6,146
6,339
6,102
6,480
378
6.2
        TE007        Ignition, starting, lighting, and other electrical equipment
3,887
4,130
4,405
4,529
4,849
321
7.1
        EL016        Miscellaneous electrical equipment
3,580
3,524
3,383
3,797
4,079
282
7.4
        AG030       Cereals
20,368
19,958
22,389
18,528
18,810
282
1.5
        MM036A   Unrefined and refined copper
876
506
866
335
606
271
80.9
        AG050       Ethyl alcohol for nonbeverage purposes
1,903
1,555
2,063
1,752
2,019
267
15.3
        MT018      Non-metalworking machine tools
799
739
710
710
962
253
35.6
        EL006        Radio and television broadcasting equipment
1,410
1,367
1,453
1,242
1,459
217
17.4
        MM032     Industrial fasteners of base metal
3,552
3,833
4,069
4,053
4,268
215
5.3
        AG045       Cigarettes
357
494
506
740
952
212
28.7
        MS017      Works of art and miscellaneous manufactured goods
8,137
8,493
11,016
11,915
12,116
201
1.7
        FP002        Lumber
2,747
3,203
3,685
3,277
3,468
191
5.8
        MM040A   Unwrought zinc
88
19
123
54
244
190
354.9
        CH001       Major primary olefins
625
660
415
518
685
167
32.2
        MM040     Zinc and related articles
401
325
443
351
497
147
41.8
        AG015C     Vegetable seeds
695
711
752
786
923
137
17.4
        EL009        Printed circuits
1,749
1,769
1,980
1,725
1,859
134
7.8
        AG019       Prepared or preserved vegetables, mushrooms, and olives
3,276
3,516
3,702
3,606
3,736
130
3.6
        CH020       Essential oils and other flavoring materials
2,417
2,569
2,615
2,680
2,809
129
4.8
    Decreases:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
        EP005        Petroleum products
111,836
121,037
119,145
80,106
70,628
-9,477
-11.8
        TE004        Construction and mining equipment
32,991
26,341
22,947
17,620
12,297
-5,323
-30.2
        MM025     Steel mill products
18,212
17,150
17,070
13,713
11,588
-2,126
-15.5
        EL017        Computers, peripherals, and parts
47,341
46,399
47,247
45,485
43,758
-1,726
-3.8
        MT030      Miscellaneous machinery
12,197
12,315
12,993
12,186
10,470
-1,715
-14.1
        MM020     Precious metals and non-numismatic coins
45,307
40,644
29,744
27,326
25,731
-1,595
-5.8
        MM020A   Unrefined and refined gold
33,804
31,650
20,779
19,077
17,522
-1,555
-8.2
        EL025        Measuring, testing, and controlling instruments
30,719
31,162
30,834
29,184
27,644
-1,541
-5.3
        MT020      Taps, cocks, valves, and similar devices
10,391
11,713
12,909
12,480
11,062
-1,418
-11.4
        AG013       Animal feeds
12,691
14,657
14,518
13,556
12,161
-1,395
-10.3
        CH019       Medicinal chemicals
51,225
51,838
54,670
58,664
57,291
-1,373
-2.3
        EP003        Coal, coke, and related chemical products
17,559
13,712
10,290
6,967
5,653
-1,314
-18.9
        CH006       Certain organic chemicals
19,957
20,024
19,319
16,726
15,437
-1,289
-7.7
        MT023      Electric motors, generators, and related equipment
10,648
9,746
10,382
9,315
8,027
-1,289
-13.8
        TE010        Certain motor-vehicle parts
44,127
45,524
45,849
47,285
46,107
-1,178
-2.5
        CH005       Organic specialty chemicals
9,766
9,391
9,186
8,805
7,720
-1,085
-12.3
        MT009      Farm and garden machinery and equipment
14,021
12,585
11,696
10,346
9,301
-1,044
-10.1
        CH010       Fertilizers
5,878
5,458
5,064
4,816
3,789
-1,027
-21.3
        TE009        Motor vehicles
70,430
74,096
77,763
70,469
69,565
-904
-1.3
        CH030       Other plastics in primary forms
16,249
16,704
17,116
15,913
15,054
-859
-5.4
        MT002      Air-conditioning equipment and parts
10,358
10,860
10,949
10,154
9,306
-848
-8.4
        CH017       Pesticide products and formulations
5,760
6,497
6,274
6,110
5,269
-842
-13.8
        MT001      Pumps for liquids
7,831
8,111
8,347
7,294
6,454
-840
-11.5
        MT021      Mechanical power transmission equipment
3,491
3,448
4,844
4,633
3,811
-821
-17.7
        TE014        Ships, tugs, pleasure boats, and similar vessels
3,574
2,722
3,441
3,174
2,395
-779
-24.5
        EL002        Telecommunications equipment
33,605
36,106
38,937
40,835
40,063
-772
-1.9
        MM025L   Pipes and tubes of carbon and alloy steels
4,374
4,593
4,330
2,860
2,096
-764
-26.7
        TE008        Rail locomotive and rolling stock
3,848
3,875
4,051
4,183
3,425
-758
-18.1
        CH007       Miscellaneous inorganic chemicals
13,878
13,527
14,412
13,874
13,121
-753
-5.4
        EP002        Nuclear materials
1,866
1,227
1,097
1,628
880
-748
-46.0
U.S. general imports:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Increases:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
        MM020     Precious metals and non-numismatic coins
32,164
30,216
26,833
22,046
27,440
5,394
24.5
        MM020A   Unrefined and refined gold
15,875
14,153
12,819
10,131
15,193
5,062
50.0
        EL015        Semiconductors and integrated circuits
37,471
37,947
39,037
40,133
44,212
4,078
10.2
        CH019       Medicinal chemicals
89,365
85,436
93,442
109,717
113,142
3,425
3.1
        TE009        Motor vehicles
168,194
176,789
183,158
197,769
200,790
3,021
1.5
        EL002        Telecommunications equipment
83,922
91,785
98,262
105,085
107,795
2,710
2.6
        CH005       Organic specialty chemicals
11,661
12,785
13,662
11,923
14,613
2,690
22.6
        EL022        Medical goods
32,693
34,213
36,181
37,815
40,163
2,348
6.2
        MS009      Furniture
26,908
28,645
31,034
34,425
35,846
1,421
4.1
        EL004        Blank and prerecorded media
4,269
4,662
5,654
6,862
8,197
1,335
19.4
        CH023       Miscellaneous chemicals and specialties
4,818
5,945
5,676
5,874
7,065
1,191
20.3
        FP002        Lumber
3,961
5,036
5,731
5,446
6,615
1,169
21.5
        MS006      Precious jewelry and related articles
7,542
8,163
8,424
8,562
9,598
1,037
12.1
        AG018       Fresh, chilled, or frozen vegetables
6,516
7,370
7,462
7,784
8,759
975
12.5
        MM037A   Primary and secondary aluminum
6,666
6,375
7,172
7,202
7,939
737
10.2
        MM019     Natural and synthetic gemstones
21,601
24,922
26,491
25,374
26,094
720
2.8
        CH033       Miscellaneous plastic products
27,713
29,259
31,202
32,355
33,044
689
2.1
        AG024       Other fresh fruit
2,942
3,239
3,532
4,076
4,741
666
16.3
        EL020        Optical goods, including ophthalmic goods
9,300
9,498
10,063
10,073
10,723
650
6.5
        EP002        Nuclear materials
4,171
3,846
3,178
2,826
3,440
614
21.7
        TE006        Primary cells and batteries and electric storage batteries
4,665
5,113
5,511
5,588
6,166
578
10.3
        CH021       Perfumes, cosmetics, and toiletries
6,891
7,627
8,167
8,298
8,867
568
6.8
        MM037     Unwrought aluminum
7,945
7,608
8,483
8,376
8,936
560
6.7
        MS011      Lamps and lighting fittings
7,657
8,599
9,375
10,246
10,792
546
5.3
        AG034       Pasta, cereals, and other bakery goods
5,131
5,382
5,603
6,003
6,533
530
8.8
        AG042       Distilled spirits
6,561
6,966
7,122
7,274
7,784
510
7.0
        FP004        Wood veneer and wood panels
3,939
4,588
4,807
5,222
5,729
507
9.7
        AG006       Fresh or frozen fish
6,402
6,680
7,257
7,097
7,603
506
7.1
        MM028     Metal construction components
2,174
2,340
2,497
3,309
3,767
458
13.8
        MS019      Arms, ammunition, and armored vehicles
3,912
4,259
3,499
3,220
3,659
439
13.6
    Decreases:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
        EP004        Crude petroleum
315,820
273,836
246,969
126,064
101,848
-24,216
-19.2
        EP005        Petroleum products
92,564
89,198
79,764
51,516
41,084
-10,432
-20.2
        MM025     Steel mill products
34,231
29,117
38,156
30,428
22,251
-8,177
-26.9
        EL017        Computers, peripherals, and parts
122,736
121,106
121,512
119,579
112,527
-7,052
-5.9
        TX005        Apparel
85,226
88,241
90,460
93,923
88,505
-5,418
-5.8
        TE013        Aircraft, spacecraft, and related equipment
24,134
29,398
34,264
35,067
30,667
-4,400
-12.5
        CH010       Fertilizers
13,218
12,050
11,335
10,926
7,219
-3,708
-33.9
        MM025L   Pipes and tubes of carbon and alloy steels
11,270
8,930
10,141
7,842
4,214
-3,628
-46.3
        EL003        Consumer electronics
47,967
43,195
42,836
42,712
39,337
-3,375
-7.9
        EL003A      Television receivers and video monitors
27,594
24,279
24,363
24,368
21,423
-2,946
-12.1
        TE004        Construction and mining equipment
16,430
13,703
15,402
14,864
12,671
-2,192
-14.8
        FW001      Footwear
23,887
24,811
26,017
27,650
25,634
-2,016
-7.3
        AG002       Cattle and beef
5,353
5,418
8,060
8,768
6,770
-1,998
-22.8
        MM025B   Plates, sheets, and strips of carbon and alloy steels
8,729
7,926
12,266
10,422
8,478
-1,944
-18.7
        TE002        Internal combustion piston engines, other than for aircraft
28,012
26,952
30,234
30,036
28,178
-1,858
-6.2
        MS017      Works of art and miscellaneous manufactured goods
12,573
13,979
14,260
17,364
15,804
-1,560
-9.0
        EP006        Natural gas and components
11,481
13,036
17,070
9,454
8,008
-1,446
-15.3
        MT020      Taps, cocks, valves, and similar devices
13,150
13,719
15,336
14,884
13,475
-1,409
-9.5
        CH007       Miscellaneous inorganic chemicals
10,185
9,288
9,844
9,386
8,173
-1,212
-12.9
        TX005E      Shirts and blouses
26,082
27,488
27,848
28,638
27,586
-1,052
-3.7
        MT001      Pumps for liquids
7,304
7,278
8,313
7,683
6,755
-928
-12.1
        CH032       Tires and tubes
14,835
14,758
15,018
14,561
13,652
-909
-6.2
        MT030      Miscellaneous machinery
11,741
11,901
13,161
13,253
12,347
-906
-6.8
        MM041     Certain base metals and chemical elements
6,761
5,850
6,722
5,323
4,423
-900
-16.9
        CH006       Certain organic chemicals
10,715
10,970
11,667
10,415
9,521
-894
-8.6
        MT009      Farm and garden machinery and equipment
8,110
8,691
9,134
8,592
7,705
-887
-10.3
        MM036     Copper and related articles
9,732
10,155
9,150
7,923
7,120
-803
-10.1
        MS001      Luggage, handbags, and flat goods
9,998
10,586
10,997
11,511
10,751
-760
-6.6
        TE014        Ships, tugs, pleasure boats, and similar vessels
1,951
1,913
1,561
2,785
2,083
-702
-25.2
        EL023        Watches and clocks
4,836
5,119
5,411
5,680
5,012
-668
-11.8

Source: Compiled from official statistics of the U.S. Department of Commerce. These reflect all official revisions of previously published data up to June 2016 (accessed March 27, 2017).

Note: Import values are based on customs value; export values are based on free along ship value, U.S. port of export. Calculations based on unrounded data.

Table US.3 All merchandise sectors: U.S. total exports, general imports, and merchandise trade balance, by selected trading partners and groups, 2012–16

 
Million $
 
           
Absolute change,
Percent change,
Item 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2015-16 2015-16
U.S. total exports:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    China
110,517
121,746
123,621
116,072
115,775
-297
-0.3
    Canada
292,651
300,755
312,817
280,609
265,961
-14,648
-5.2
    Mexico
215,875
225,954
240,331
235,745
230,959
-4,786
-2.0
    Japan
69,976
65,237
66,876
62,443
63,264
822
1.3
    Germany
48,803
47,363
49,370
49,971
49,362
-609
-1.2
   South Korea
42,283
41,649
44,625
43,446
42,266
-1,179
-2.7
    United Kingdom
54,860
47,361
53,848
56,115
55,396
-719
-1.3
    France
30,813
31,744
31,307
30,104
30,941
838
2.8
    India
22,106
21,810
21,501
21,452
21,689
237
1.1
    Taiwan
24,337
25,523
26,667
25,860
26,045
185
0.7
    All other
633,601
649,374
650,207
580,757
552,062
-28,695
-4.9
        Total
1,545,821
1,578,517
1,621,172
1,502,572
1,453,721
-48,852
-3.3
    EU-28
265,683
262,095
276,208
271,988
270,325
-1,663
-0.6
    OPEC
90,044
94,145
91,106
80,146
71,177
-8,968
-11.2
    Latin America
399,059
410,370
424,287
388,278
367,574
-20,704
-5.3
    Asia
386,986
402,070
407,163
385,623
383,949
-1,674
-0.4
    Sub-Saharan Africa
22,503
23,978
25,493
18,011
13,601
-4,409
-24.5
U.S. general imports:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    China
425,619
440,430
468,484
483,245
462,813
-20,432
-4.2
    Canada
324,263
332,504
349,278
296,156
278,067
-18,089
-6.1
    Mexico
277,594
280,556
295,739
296,408
294,151
-2,257
-0.8
    Japan
146,432
138,575
134,505
131,364
132,202
838
0.6
    Germany
109,226
114,342
124,179
124,820
114,227
-10,593
-8.5
    South Korea
58,899
62,370
69,680
71,759
69,932
-1,826
-2.5
    United Kingdom
55,006
52,741
54,693
57,962
54,326
-3,636
-6.3
    France
41,646
45,706
47,106
47,815
46,765
-1,051
-2.2
    India
40,513
41,810
45,355
44,792
45,998
1,207
2.7
    Taiwan
38,861
37,939
40,839
40,908
39,313
-1,595
-3.9
    All other
758,210
721,013
726,508
653,004
651,389
-1,615
-0.2
        Total
2,276,267
2,267,987
2,356,366
2,248,232
2,189,183
-59,050
-2.6
    EU-28
382,199
387,510
420,591
427,562
416,665
-10,896
-2.5
    OPEC
200,641
172,672
152,558
86,171
77,555
-8,616
-10.0
    Latin America
449,385
438,985
445,994
412,283
401,965
-10,318
-2.5
    Asia
849,741
865,470
914,157
943,678
928,533
-15,145
-1.6
    Sub-Saharan Africa
49,624
39,294
26,785
18,841
20,132
1,291
6.9
U.S. merchandise trade balance:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    China
-315,102
-318,684
-344,863
-367,173
-347,038
20,135
5.5
    Canada
-31,612
-31,749
-36,461
-15,547
-12,106
3,440
22.1
    Mexico
-61,719
-54,602
-55,408
-60,663
-63,192
-2,529
-4.2
    Japan
-76,456
-73,338
-67,629
-68,922
-68,938
-16
(a)
    Germany
-60,423
-66,978
-74,809
-74,850
-64,865
9,984
13.3
    South Korea
-16,616
-20,722
-25,055
-28,313
-27,666
647
2.3
    United Kingdom
-145
-5,380
-845
-1,848
1,070
2,918
(b)
    France
-10,833
-13,963
-15,799
-17,712
-15,823
1,888
10.7
    India
-18,407
-20,000
-23,854
-23,340
-24,309
-970
-4.2
    Taiwan
-14,524
-12,416
-14,172
-15,048
-13,268
1,780
11.8
    All other
-124,609
-71,639
-76,300
-72,247
-99,327
-27,080
-37.5
        Total
-730,446
-689,470
-735,194
-745,660
-735,462
10,198
1.4
    EU-28
-116,517
-125,415
-144,383
-155,573
-146,340
9,233
5.9
    OPEC
-110,597
-78,527
-61,452
-6,025
-6,378
-352
-5.8
    Latin America
-50,326
-28,615
-21,707
-24,005
-34,392
-10,386
-43.3
    Asia
-462,756
-463,400
-506,994
-558,055
-544,584
13,471
2.4
    Sub-Saharan Africa
-27,122
-15,316
-1,292
-830
-6,530
-5,701
-687.1

Source: Compiled from official statistics of the U.S. Department of Commerce. These reflect all official revisions of previously published data up to June 2016 (accessed March 27, 2017).

Note: Import values are based on customs value; export values are based on free along ship value, U.S. port of export. Calculations based on unrounded data. The countries shown are those with the largest total U.S. trade (U.S. imports plus U.S. exports) in these products in the current year. 

a Less than 0.05 percent.
b Not meaningful for purposes of comparison.

Table CA.1 Canada: U.S. total exports, general imports, and merchandise trade balance, by major industry/commodity sectors, 2012–16

 
Million $
 
           
Absolute change,
Percent change,
Item 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2015-16 2015-16
U.S. total exports:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Agricultural products
25,429
26,568
27,373
26,133
25,779
-354
-1.4
    Forest products
10,902
11,008
10,788
10,200
9,676
-524
-5.1
    Chemicals and related products
40,210
40,537
41,283
38,209
36,376
-1,833
-4.8
    Energy-related products
19,692
25,837
34,040
22,119
16,213
-5,905
-26.7
    Textiles and apparel
5,251
5,423
5,531
5,208
5,033
-175
-3.4
    Footwear
419
459
497
501
507
7
1.3
    Minerals and metals
32,350
31,002
30,597
26,455
24,791
-1,664
-6.3
    Machinery
30,710
30,651
32,107
29,160
26,079
-3,081
-10.6
    Transportation equipment
76,651
77,507
78,094
74,233
72,846
-1,388
-1.9
    Electronic products
35,799
35,152
35,172
32,438
31,214
-1,224
-3.8
    Miscellaneous manufactures
9,362
9,432
9,903
8,853
8,415
-438
-4.9
    Special provisions
5,874
7,179
7,431
7,100
9,031
1,931
27.2
        Total
292,651
300,755
312,817
280,609
265,961
-14,648
-5.2
U.S. general imports:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Agricultural products
23,214
24,941
26,437
25,290
25,292
2
(a)
    Forest products
16,464
18,088
18,968
18,068
18,711
643
3.6
    Chemicals and related products
33,540
33,299
33,518
32,211
29,694
-2,517
-7.8
    Energy-related products
103,792
110,230
117,928
70,772
55,053
-15,719
-22.2
    Textiles and apparel
2,414
2,323
2,303
2,243
2,184
-59
-2.6
    Footwear
49
47
59
73
50
-23
-31.7
    Minerals and metals
32,431
32,671
33,324
29,770
28,785
-985
-3.3
    Machinery
13,374
13,592
13,694
12,914
12,161
-753
-5.8
    Transportation equipment
73,441
71,548
74,538
73,888
73,607
-281
-0.4
    Electronic products
9,521
9,101
9,114
8,935
8,924
-11
-0.1
    Miscellaneous manufactures
4,474
4,402
4,528
5,251
5,538
287
5.5
    Special provisions
11,548
12,262
14,866
16,741
18,068
1,327
7.9
        Total
324,263
332,504
349,278
296,156
278,067
-18,089
-6.1
U.S. merchandise trade balance:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Agricultural products
2,215
1,627
935
843
487
-356
-42.2
    Forest products
-5,562
-7,081
-8,180
-7,868
-9,036
-1,167
-14.8
    Chemicals and related products
6,670
7,238
7,765
5,999
6,683
684
11.4
    Energy-related products
-84,100
-84,393
-83,888
-48,653
-38,840
9,813
20.2
    Textiles and apparel
2,838
3,099
3,229
2,965
2,849
-116
-3.9
    Footwear
370
413
439
428
458
30
6.9
    Minerals and metals
-81
-1,669
-2,726
-3,314
-3,994
-679
-20.5
    Machinery
17,337
17,060
18,412
16,246
13,917
-2,329
-14.3
    Transportation equipment
3,211
5,958
3,556
345
-761
-1,106
(b)
    Electronic products
26,278
26,051
26,058
23,503
22,291
-1,212
-5.2
    Miscellaneous manufactures
4,888
5,030
5,376
3,602
2,877
-725
-20.1
    Special provisions
-5,674
-5,083
-7,435
-9,641
-9,037
605
6.3
        Total
-31,612
-31,749
-36,461
-15,547
-12,106
3,440
22.1

Source: Compiled from official statistics of the U.S. Department of Commerce. These reflect all official revisions of previously published data up to June 2016 (accessed March 27, 2017).

Note: Import values are based on customs value; export values are based on free along ship value, U.S. port of export. Sectors are ordered by the level of processing of the products classified within each sector.

Less than 0.05 percent.
b Not meaningful for purposes of comparison.

Table CA.2 Canada: Leading changes in U.S. exports and imports, 2012–16

 
Million $
 
           
Absolute change,
Percent change,
USITC code and industry/commodity group 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2015-16 2015-16
U.S. total exports:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Increases:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
        TE002        Internal combustion piston engines, other than for aircraft
7,154
6,573
6,426
6,235
6,821
586
9.4
        TE010        Certain motor-vehicle parts
19,221
19,361
18,799
18,086
18,568
482
2.7
        MM020     Precious metals and non-numismatic coins
3,563
3,063
2,139
2,259
2,617
358
15.9
        TE009        Motor vehicles
25,978
27,195
27,972
26,336
26,659
323
1.2
        AG045       Cigarettes
(a)
169
200
451
667
216
47.9
        MM020A   Unrefined and refined gold
743
1,214
358
487
627
140
28.8
        TE007        Ignition, starting, lighting, and other electrical equipment
1,498
1,509
1,614
1,664
1,771
107
6.4
        EL006        Radio and television broadcasting equipment
288
254
248
237
324
87
36.8
        AG010       Dairy products
394
479
500
458
537
78
17.1
        AG036       Infant formulas, malt extracts, and other edible preparations
1,456
1,521
1,498
1,477
1,552
75
5.1
        AG006       Fresh or frozen fish
506
541
476
435
501
66
15.2
        EL016        Miscellaneous electrical equipment
525
542
683
702
751
49
7.0
        AG037       Cocoa, chocolate, and confectionery
1,014
1,067
1,217
1,143
1,191
48
4.2
        MM005     Lead ores, concentrates, and residues
54
131
141
145
193
48
33.2
        MM005A   Lead ores and concentrates
54
131
141
145
193
48
33.2
        EL009        Printed circuits
178
113
118
101
145
44
44.3
        EL019        Optical fibers, optical fiber bundles and cables
266
274
285
256
297
41
16.0
        MS019      Arms, ammunition, and armored vehicles
473
450
370
363
402
39
10.7
        CH021       Perfumes, cosmetics, and toiletries
2,068
2,183
2,194
2,265
2,303
38
1.7
        AG032       Oilseeds
276
226
277
205
241
35
17.3
        MM006     Zinc ores, concentrates, and residues
202
268
329
330
356
27
8.1
        AG012       Sugar and other sweeteners
246
243
231
227
253
26
11.5
        MM006A   Zinc ores and concentrates
200
268
329
330
355
26
7.8
        EL003A      Television receivers and video monitors
1,266
1,105
942
635
659
24
3.8
        MS017      Works of art and miscellaneous manufactured goods
347
353
377
382
404
22
5.7
        CH001       Major primary olefins
209
193
199
133
153
20
15.2
        MT025      Portable electric handtools
243
263
278
273
293
20
7.3
        AG017       Miscellaneous vegetable substances
177
143
157
132
152
20
14.8
        FP015        Miscellaneous paper products
1,055
1,024
1,015
970
989
19
2.0
        EL007        Electric sound and visual signaling apparatus
367
348
343
335
354
19
5.7
    Decreases:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
        EP004        Crude petroleum
2,634
5,073
11,543
8,104
4,631
-3,473
-42.9
        EP005        Petroleum products
11,924
14,670
15,565
10,099
8,819
-1,280
-12.7
        TE004        Construction and mining equipment
7,324
6,107
5,872
4,812
3,819
-993
-20.6
        TE013        Aircraft, spacecraft, and related equipment
5,791
6,692
7,624
8,290
7,356
-934
-11.3
        EP006        Natural gas and components
3,684
4,856
5,459
2,791
1,914
-877
-31.4
        MM025     Steel mill products
8,337
7,795
7,650
5,673
5,005
-668
-11.8
        MT021      Mechanical power transmission equipment
938
838
2,087
2,014
1,449
-565
-28.1
        MT023      Electric motors, generators, and related equipment
1,874
1,892
2,048
1,636
1,242
-394
-24.1
        EL002        Telecommunications equipment
4,222
4,106
4,856
4,963
4,606
-357
-7.2
        MT009      Farm and garden machinery and equipment
4,418
4,766
4,063
3,432
3,116
-316
-9.2
        CH007       Miscellaneous inorganic chemicals
1,769
1,882
1,810
1,699
1,388
-311
-18.3
        MT020      Taps, cocks, valves, and similar devices
2,567
2,539
2,629
2,422
2,157
-265
-10.9
        TE012        Trailers, semi-trailers, and parts
2,775
2,957
2,780
2,210
1,966
-244
-11.0
        CH019       Medicinal chemicals
4,760
4,497
4,987
4,812
4,571
-242
-5.0
        MM031     Miscellaneous products of base metal
3,328
3,290
3,387
3,062
2,832
-230
-7.5
        MM025L   Pipes and tubes of carbon and alloy steels
1,979
1,907
1,616
1,043
814
-229
-21.9
        EL017        Computers, peripherals, and parts
8,039
8,177
8,220
7,508
7,286
-223
-3.0
        MT003      Industrial thermal-processing equipment and furnaces
1,031
1,076
1,100
1,080
869
-212
-19.6
        EP003        Coal, coke, and related chemical products
1,070
719
817
799
602
-197
-24.7
        MT030      Miscellaneous machinery
2,425
2,354
2,461
2,247
2,060
-187
-8.3
        MM036     Copper and related articles
1,246
1,124
1,239
1,081
894
-187
-17.3
        EL025        Measuring, testing, and controlling instruments
4,783
4,549
4,323
3,775
3,589
-186
-4.9
        CH032       Tires and tubes
2,413
2,252
2,189
2,020
1,835
-185
-9.2
        MT001      Pumps for liquids
2,194
1,953
2,127
1,652
1,474
-178
-10.7
        CH010       Fertilizers
1,094
1,139
1,125
1,130
953
-177
-15.7
        AG034       Pasta, cereals, and other bakery goods
2,060
2,155
2,241
2,276
2,101
-175
-7.7
        TE001        Aircraft engines and gas turbines
481
451
588
858
691
-167
-19.4
        TE011        Powersport vehicles
956
1,019
998
899
738
-161
-17.9
        MT029      Nonautomotive insulated electrical wire and related products
1,710
1,619
1,571
1,324
1,168
-156
-11.8
        FP016        Printed matter
2,612
2,535
2,336
2,108
1,959
-149
-7.1
U.S. general imports:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Increases:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
        TE009        Motor vehicles
47,240
45,228
45,096
44,772
47,710
2,938
6.6
        FP002        Lumber
3,330
4,334
4,951
4,559
5,678
1,118
24.5
        MM020     Precious metals and non-numismatic coins
6,272
7,252
5,899
5,364
5,871
507
9.4
        MM020A   Unrefined and refined gold
2,553
3,183
3,266
2,618
3,057
439
16.8
        TE001        Aircraft engines and gas turbines
2,534
2,494
2,801
2,584
2,932
348
13.5
        FP004        Wood veneer and wood panels
1,555
1,989
1,880
1,973
2,317
344
17.4
        MS009      Furniture
2,498
2,498
2,631
2,806
3,112
306
10.9
        AG033       Animal or vegetable fats and oils
2,161
1,943
1,843
1,722
1,965
242
14.1
        EP002        Nuclear materials
225
617
479
605
792
187
31.0
        AG006       Fresh or frozen fish
867
853
800
917
1,103
186
20.3
        AG034       Pasta, cereals, and other bakery goods
2,361
2,457
2,575
2,739
2,906
167
6.1
        CH023       Miscellaneous chemicals and specialties
577
609
674
564
722
158
28.0
        MM028     Metal construction components
640
738
789
906
1,059
153
16.9
        EL022        Medical goods
571
598
619
699
842
143
20.4
        AG037       Cocoa, chocolate, and confectionery
1,462
1,541
1,687
1,814
1,945
131
7.2
        AG018       Fresh, chilled, or frozen vegetables
1,122
1,317
1,314
1,322
1,418
96
7.3
        FP003        Moldings, millwork, and joinery
615
727
812
881
974
93
10.6
        MM027     Fabricated structurals
291
166
204
356
443
86
24.2
        MS011      Lamps and lighting fittings
393
385
417
510
592
82
16.2
        MM004     Copper ores and concentrates
70
66
88
74
145
71
95.9
        AG019       Prepared or preserved vegetables, mushrooms, and olives
909
990
1,005
969
1,037
67
6.9
        AG039       Nonalcoholic beverages, excluding fruit and vegetable juices
168
138
96
89
147
58
64.4
        CH021       Perfumes, cosmetics, and toiletries
1,094
1,172
1,164
1,159
1,215
56
4.8
        MM040A   Unwrought zinc
947
974
1,016
1,028
1,083
54
5.3
        MM009     Cement, stone, and related products
1,191
1,218
1,277
1,362
1,413
51
3.7
        EL012        Circuit apparatus assemblies
556
562
610
606
652
46
7.6
        MT019      Semiconductor manufacturing equipment and robotics
523
485
492
533
576
43
8.2
        AG028       Coffee and tea
519
497
490
532
575
43
8.2
        MT019A    Semiconductor manufacturing equipment
440
397
436
437
480
42
9.7
        MM040     Zinc and related articles
1,029
1,030
1,084
1,081
1,121
40
3.7
    Decreases:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
        EP004        Crude petroleum
72,866
76,654
83,155
46,972
36,190
-10,782
-23.0
        EP005        Petroleum products
18,239
18,398
15,595
11,908
8,168
-3,740
-31.4
        TE013        Aircraft, spacecraft, and related equipment
5,848
6,645
7,963
8,378
6,087
-2,291
-27.3
        CH010       Fertilizers
5,357
4,981
3,984
4,324
3,109
-1,215
-28.1
        EP006        Natural gas and components
9,768
11,536
15,412
8,227
7,171
-1,056
-12.8
        MM025     Steel mill products
5,681
5,148
5,755
4,772
4,102
-670
-14.0
        TE010        Certain motor-vehicle parts
9,965
10,243
10,980
10,696
10,095
-601
-5.6
        MM025L   Pipes and tubes of carbon and alloy steels
1,567
1,389
1,414
1,155
681
-474
-41.0
        MM037     Unwrought aluminum
4,755
4,976
5,327
5,147
4,722
-425
-8.3
        MM037A   Primary and secondary aluminum
4,223
4,470
4,744
4,624
4,225
-399
-8.6
        FP013        Printing and writing papers
2,084
2,155
2,067
1,808
1,460
-349
-19.3
        AG030       Cereals
1,559
1,984
1,698
1,290
979
-311
-24.1
        CH019       Medicinal chemicals
4,277
3,921
4,673
5,574
5,269
-306
-5.5
        TE004        Construction and mining equipment
1,237
970
1,087
1,025
722
-303
-29.6
        AG002       Cattle and beef
1,954
2,171
2,999
2,580
2,321
-259
-10.0
        CH006       Certain organic chemicals
1,561
1,658
1,787
1,509
1,253
-256
-17.0
        MM036     Copper and related articles
2,474
2,766
2,937
2,309
2,054
-256
-11.1
        EP001        Electrical energy
1,914
2,429
2,670
2,462
2,211
-251
-10.2
        FP009        Wood pulp and recovered paper
2,276
2,334
2,381
2,086
1,858
-228
-10.9
        MM003     Iron ores and concentrates
588
280
395
257
39
-218
-84.9
        CH025       Polyethylene resins in primary forms
3,343
3,801
4,267
3,852
3,636
-217
-5.6
        MM036A   Unrefined and refined copper
925
1,274
1,359
1,112
929
-183
-16.5
        MT020      Taps, cocks, valves, and similar devices
752
765
841
726
547
-178
-24.6
        MT030      Miscellaneous machinery
1,913
1,879
2,015
1,826
1,653
-172
-9.4
        CH001       Major primary olefins
1,227
1,189
903
610
443
-168
-27.5
        MT009      Farm and garden machinery and equipment
1,310
1,514
1,478
1,211
1,047
-164
-13.5
        CH007       Miscellaneous inorganic chemicals
1,495
1,419
1,383
1,307
1,151
-155
-11.9
        AG013       Animal feeds
1,545
1,805
1,938
1,736
1,593
-143
-8.2
        FP011        Industrial papers and paperboards
2,427
2,561
2,740
2,725
2,583
-141
-5.2
        AG032       Oilseeds
596
756
874
563
422
-141
-25.1

Source: Compiled from official statistics of the U.S. Department of Commerce. These reflect all official revisions of previously published data up to June 2016 (accessed March 27, 2017).

Note: Import values are based on customs value; export values are based on free along ship value, U.S. port of export. Calculations based on unrounded data.

Less than $500,000.

Table CN.1 China: U.S. total exports, general imports, and merchandise trade balance, by major industry/commodity sectors, 2012–16

 
Million $
 
           
Absolute change,
Percent change,
Item 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2015-16 2015-16
U.S. total exports:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Agricultural products
27,200
26,835
25,735
21,687
22,923
1,237
5.7
    Forest products
6,376
6,900
7,020
6,431
6,904
473
7.4
    Chemicals and related products
14,433
14,556
14,727
14,360
14,437
77
0.5
    Energy-related products
2,705
3,150
2,048
2,628
3,062
433
16.5
    Textiles and apparel
1,280
1,387
1,274
1,010
892
-118
-11.7
    Footwear
54
51
56
81
90
9
10.5
    Minerals and metals
12,456
12,198
10,931
8,002
7,347
-654
-8.2
    Machinery
8,967
9,560
10,104
10,024
9,621
-403
-4.0
    Transportation equipment
18,508
26,069
29,994
28,767
27,643
-1,124
-3.9
    Electronic products
16,893
19,305
19,882
21,171
20,958
-214
-1.0
    Miscellaneous manufactures
807
777
858
956
875
-80
-8.4
    Special provisions
837
957
992
955
1,023
68
7.1
        Total
110,517
121,746
123,621
116,072
115,775
-297
-0.3
U.S. general imports:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Agricultural products
7,063
6,989
7,008
6,801
6,724
-77
-1.1
    Forest products
8,029
8,274
8,875
9,512
9,568
57
0.6
    Chemicals and related products
28,022
29,466
31,895
31,005
29,839
-1,166
-3.8
    Energy-related products
393
511
635
538
711
174
32.3
    Textiles and apparel
45,061
46,467
47,220
48,892
45,221
-3,672
-7.5
    Footwear
17,147
17,016
17,065
17,276
14,820
-2,456
-14.2
    Minerals and metals
27,033
27,788
31,038
32,065
30,270
-1,794
-5.6
    Machinery
41,031
44,345
48,138
50,523
48,450
-2,073
-4.1
    Transportation equipment
17,045
18,053
21,560
23,929
24,255
326
1.4
    Electronic products
170,940
176,141
186,700
189,254
180,413
-8,840
-4.7
    Miscellaneous manufactures
59,420
60,787
62,896
67,893
67,079
-814
-1.2
    Special provisions
4,436
4,592
5,454
5,558
5,462
-96
-1.7
        Total
425,619
440,430
468,484
483,245
462,813
-20,432
-4.2
U.S. merchandise trade balance:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Agricultural products
20,138
19,847
18,728
14,886
16,199
1,314
8.8
    Forest products
-1,652
-1,374
-1,855
-3,081
-2,664
416
13.5
    Chemicals and related products
-13,589
-14,910
-17,168
-16,645
-15,402
1,243
7.5
    Energy-related products
2,312
2,639
1,413
2,090
2,350
260
12.4
    Textiles and apparel
-43,780
-45,080
-45,946
-47,882
-44,329
3,553
7.4
    Footwear
-17,093
-16,965
-17,009
-17,194
-14,730
2,464
14.3
    Minerals and metals
-14,577
-15,590
-20,107
-24,063
-22,923
1,140
4.7
    Machinery
-32,064
-34,785
-38,034
-40,500
-38,829
1,670
4.1
    Transportation equipment
1,462
8,016
8,435
4,838
3,388
-1,450
-30.0
    Electronic products
-154,047
-156,836
-166,818
-168,082
-159,456
8,627
5.1
    Miscellaneous manufactures
-58,613
-60,011
-62,038
-66,937
-66,204
734
1.1
    Special provisions
-3,598
-3,635
-4,462
-4,603
-4,439
164
3.6
        Total
-315,102
-318,684
-344,863
-367,173
-347,038
20,135
5.5

Source: Compiled from official statistics of the U.S. Department of Commerce. These reflect all official revisions of previously published data up to June 2016 (accessed March 27, 2017).

Note: Import values are based on customs value; export values are based on free along ship value, U.S. port of export. Calculations based on unrounded data. Sectors are ordered by the level of processing of the products classified within each sector.

Table CN.2 China: Leading changes in U.S. exports and imports, 2012–16

 
Million $
 
           
Absolute change,
Percent change,
USITC code and industry/commodity group 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2015-16 2015-16
U.S. total exports:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Increases:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
        AG032       Oilseeds
14,878
13,307
14,481
10,525
14,207
3,682
35.0
        MT019A    Semiconductor manufacturing equipment
1,326
1,606
1,952
2,377
2,837
460
19.4
        MT019      Semiconductor manufacturing equipment and robotics
1,359
1,662
2,023
2,453
2,884
431
17.6
        TE010        Certain motor-vehicle parts
816
1,469
1,875
1,624
2,052
428
26.4
        EP004        Crude petroleum
0
27
21
15
374
359
2,336.9
        EL022        Medical goods
2,518
2,675
2,951
3,254
3,607
353
10.8
        FP002        Lumber
744
1,036
1,302
1,123
1,385
262
23.3
        AG003       Swine and pork
631
623
398
319
577
258
81.0
        MM036A   Unrefined and refined copper
715
390
574
17
218
201
1,187.5
        FP001        Logs and rough wood products
817
1,172
1,262
883
1,077
194
22.0
        TE001        Aircraft engines and gas turbines
215
312
143
119
308
189
158.8
        EP006        Natural gas and components
81
149
296
965
1,135
171
17.7
        AG050       Ethyl alcohol for nonbeverage purposes
(a)
11
8
135
296
161
118.9
        CH019       Medicinal chemicals
1,444
1,772
2,200
2,511
2,661
150
6.0
        AG020       Edible nuts
396
363
209
231
359
127
55.2
        EP003        Coal, coke, and related chemical products
1,309
1,223
383
242
362
120
49.3
        MT022      Boilers, turbines, and related machinery
104
234
68
90
208
118
131.3
        CH023       Miscellaneous chemicals and specialties
373
376
420
429
536
107
24.9
        AG033       Animal or vegetable fats and oils
351
181
175
51
145
94
184.0
        FP009        Wood pulp and recovered paper
3,838
3,619
3,369
3,420
3,483
63
1.8
        MT004      Household appliances, including commercial applications
275
276
309
292
347
55
18.9
        CH005       Organic specialty chemicals
707
640
627
518
570
51
9.9
        EL020        Optical goods, including ophthalmic goods
426
483
533
621
670
49
7.9
        MM004     Copper ores and concentrates
664
610
654
246
293
48
19.5
        MM040A   Unwrought zinc
(a)
0
71
4
44
40
1,004.8
        MM020     Precious metals and non-numismatic coins
274
886
691
274
314
40
14.4
        MM007A   Molybdenum ores and concentrates
62
36
24
7
44
38
550.1
        CH001       Major primary olefins
6
9
5
17
51
34
207.6
        CH011       Paints, inks, and related items, and certain components thereof
602
506
493
416
450
34
8.2
        MT018      Non-metalworking machine tools
43
42
39
38
67
29
76.9
    Decreases:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
        AG030       Cereals
1,535
2,371
1,764
2,464
1,289
-1,175
-47.7
        AG013       Animal feeds
1,102
2,033
2,004
2,465
1,365
-1,100
-44.6
        TE013        Aircraft, spacecraft, and related equipment
8,365
12,587
13,928
15,441
14,577
-864
-5.6
        MM037     Unwrought aluminum
2,390
2,266
1,767
1,312
923
-389
-29.6
        TE004        Construction and mining equipment
1,193
955
894
668
320
-348
-52.1
        AG049       Cotton, not carded or combed
3,411
2,183
1,108
854
551
-303
-35.5
        MT009      Farm and garden machinery and equipment
494
445
386
506
212
-294
-58.2
        EL017        Computers, peripherals, and parts
1,872
1,936
1,957
2,163
1,887
-276
-12.8
        TE009        Motor vehicles
5,861
8,637
11,182
9,209
8,940
-269
-2.9
        AG046       Hides, skins, and leather
1,471
1,771
1,814
1,440
1,172
-269
-18.7
        TE002        Internal combustion piston engines, other than for aircraft
1,032
1,081
1,045
892
678
-214
-24.0
        CH007       Miscellaneous inorganic chemicals
1,721
1,439
1,546
1,355
1,213
-142
-10.5
        MT030      Miscellaneous machinery
1,012
874
929
944
810
-134
-14.2
        MM036     Copper and related articles
3,880
3,452
2,890
1,818
1,685
-133
-7.3
        CH006       Certain organic chemicals
1,707
1,550
1,455
1,253
1,132
-121
-9.7
        MT023      Electric motors, generators, and related equipment
472
470
650
469
348
-120
-25.7
        EP005        Petroleum products
1,295
1,727
1,318
1,263
1,152
-110
-8.7
        TX001        Fibers and yarns, except raw cotton and raw wool
768
852
745
522
414
-109
-20.8
        EP002        Nuclear materials
20
25
30
143
38
-105
-73.5
        AG006       Fresh or frozen fish
828
800
846
775
680
-94
-12.1
        MT001      Pumps for liquids
411
493
587
655
566
-89
-13.5
        EL018        Photographic film and paper
494
571
565
561
477
-84
-14.9
        MM007     Certain ores, concentrates, ash, and residues
84
73
70
261
177
-83
-32.0
        EL012        Circuit apparatus assemblies
346
439
416
462
382
-81
-17.5
        EL025        Measuring, testing, and controlling instruments
3,502
3,999
3,628
3,428
3,354
-74
-2.2
        MT021      Mechanical power transmission equipment
206
221
287
240
169
-71
-29.5
        EL002        Telecommunications equipment
1,711
2,364
2,193
2,484
2,414
-70
-2.8
        MM025     Steel mill products
396
408
477
380
321
-59
-15.5
        AG010       Dairy products
411
693
683
433
376
-57
-13.1
        MM041     Certain base metals and chemical elements
372
337
351
367
310
-56
-15.4
U.S. general imports:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Increases:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
        TE009        Motor vehicles
23
19
47
116
1,092
976
843.7
        MS009      Furniture
14,949
15,748
16,706
18,561
19,310
749
4.0
        CH033       Miscellaneous plastic products
10,285
11,029
11,704
12,345
12,814
469
3.8
        EL016        Miscellaneous electrical equipment
2,347
2,252
2,650
3,308
3,751
443
13.4
        MM033     Cooking and kitchen ware
1,892
2,056
2,111
2,358
2,792
433
18.4
        EL022        Medical goods
3,107
3,363
3,579
3,941
4,282
341
8.7
        MT002      Air-conditioning equipment and parts
4,343
4,544
4,792
5,100
5,407
307
6.0
        EL004        Blank and prerecorded media
1,315
1,496
2,215
2,831
3,089
258
9.1
        CH021       Perfumes, cosmetics, and toiletries
853
825
873
989
1,223
234
23.7
        MS011      Lamps and lighting fittings
5,074
5,755
6,003
6,560
6,770
209
3.2
        MT019A    Semiconductor manufacturing equipment
710
784
941
874
1,059
185
21.1
        MT019      Semiconductor manufacturing equipment and robotics
729
813
974
910
1,092
182
20.0
        MS017      Works of art and miscellaneous manufactured goods
4,149
4,155
4,254
4,834
5,006
172
3.6
        MM009     Cement, stone, and related products
1,139
1,274
1,412
1,647
1,799
151
9.2
        CH019       Medicinal chemicals
1,964
1,869
2,001
2,243
2,378
135
6.0
        EP005        Petroleum products
205
307
432
478
611
133
27.8
        TE006        Primary cells and batteries and electric storage batteries
1,533
1,570
1,778
1,785
1,905
120
6.7
        MT025      Portable electric handtools
1,965
2,204
2,264
2,537
2,650
113
4.5
        TE015        Motors and engines, except internal combustion, aircraft, or electric
552
456
680
856
955
99
11.6
        AG009       Shellfish
766
796
834
726
813
87
12.0
        MM028     Metal construction components
508
586
684
922
1,004
82
8.8
        EL021        Photographic cameras and equipment
334
349
376
389
469
80
20.6
        EL015        Semiconductors and integrated circuits
4,717
4,368
4,838
5,163
5,241
79
1.5
        MS016A    Brooms and brushes
970
1,020
1,073
1,192
1,258
66
5.5
        TE001        Aircraft engines and gas turbines
401
430
513
537
603
66
12.3
        AG019       Prepared or preserved vegetables, mushrooms, and olives
437
393
388
435
498
63
14.4
        FP015        Miscellaneous paper products
947
931
952
1,086
1,149
62
5.7
        TE007        Ignition, starting, lighting, and other electrical equipment
1,007
1,148
1,381
1,577
1,639
62
3.9
        MT022      Boilers, turbines, and related machinery
61
76
74
96
156
60
62.0
        EL011        Circuit apparatus not exceeding 1000V
1,937
2,133
2,329
2,403
2,461
58
2.4
    Decreases:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
        EL017        Computers, peripherals, and parts
76,069
75,620
76,554
73,109
66,519
-6,589
-9.0
        TX005        Apparel
33,424
34,112
34,251
34,951
31,666
-3,285
-9.4
        FW001      Footwear
17,147
17,016
17,065
17,276
14,820
-2,456
-14.2
        EL002        Telecommunications equipment
48,844
54,660
60,045
62,801
61,349
-1,452
-2.3
        MM025     Steel mill products
1,947
1,804
2,875
2,213
953
-1,260
-56.9
        EL003        Consumer electronics
18,124
16,997
17,847
17,534
16,484
-1,050
-6.0
        MT004      Household appliances, including commercial applications
9,658
10,989
11,866
12,776
11,845
-930
-7.3
        MS001      Luggage, handbags, and flat goods
7,169
7,367
7,275
7,425
6,539
-885
-11.9
        CH032       Tires and tubes
3,454
3,997
4,320
2,995
2,208
-788
-26.3
        MM025B   Plates, sheets, and strips of carbon and alloy steels
590
563
1,351
906
142
-763
-84.3
        MS001A    Luggage
4,746
4,879
4,947
4,918
4,326
-591
-12.0
        TX005E      Shirts and blouses
7,599
7,936
7,463
7,269
6,690
-578
-8.0
        MS013      Toys and games
16,070
15,689
16,496
17,983
17,515
-468
-2.6
        EL003A      Television receivers and video monitors
7,616
7,348
8,912
8,960
8,507
-453
-5.1
        TE008        Rail locomotive and rolling stock
547
467
783
1,029
615
-414
-40.2
        CH010       Fertilizers
186
333
812
644
237
-406
-63.1
        MT020      Taps, cocks, valves, and similar devices
3,330
3,431
3,777
3,722
3,317
-405
-10.9
        MT001      Pumps for liquids
1,851
1,846
2,255
1,894
1,515
-378
-20.0
        TX005F      Sweaters
1,935
1,964
2,198
2,049
1,688
-362
-17.7
        EL023        Watches and clocks
772
761
853
1,180
828
-352
-29.8
        TX005M    Gloves, including gloves for sports
2,000
1,901
2,054
2,129
1,786
-343
-16.1
        MS014      Sporting goods
4,229
4,226
4,296
4,602
4,295
-307
-6.7
        CH005       Organic specialty chemicals
2,952
3,382
3,408
3,288
2,993
-295
-9.0
        TX005G     Women's and girls' suits, skirts, and coats
2,469
2,302
2,464
2,544
2,255
-290
-11.4
        MT024      Electrical transformers, static converters, and inductors
3,317
3,785
4,129
4,403
4,151
-252
-5.7
        TX005D     Women's and girls' trousers
3,456
3,583
3,174
3,196
2,945
-251
-7.8
        MS001B    Handbags
1,776
1,789
1,687
1,782
1,535
-247
-13.9
        MT027      Electric lamps (bulbs) and portable electric lights
1,747
1,932
1,781
1,645
1,398
-247
-15.0
        MT004A    Major household appliances and parts
1,475
2,180
2,489
2,849
2,606
-243
-8.5
        EL006        Radio and television broadcasting equipment
1,876
1,777
1,841
2,298
2,057
-241
-10.5

Source: Compiled from official statistics of the U.S. Department of Commerce. These reflect all official revisions of previously published data up to June 2016 (accessed March 27, 2017).

Note: Import values are based on customs value; export values are based on free along ship value, U.S. port of export. Calculations based on unrounded data.      

aLess than $500,000.

Table MX.1 Mexico: U.S. total exports, general imports, and merchandise trade balance, by major industry/commodity sectors, 2012–16

 
Million $
 
           
Absolute change,
Percent change,
Item 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2015-16 2015-16
U.S. total exports:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Agricultural products
19,474
18,868
20,087
18,298
18,520
223
1.2
    Forest products
5,528
5,747
5,839
5,858
5,757
-101
-1.7
    Chemicals and related products
32,326
33,714
35,755
34,114
32,996
-1,118
-3.3
    Energy-related products
24,128
23,507
24,113
18,501
20,615
2,113
11.4
    Textiles and apparel
4,971
5,359
5,732
5,997
5,442
-554
-9.2
    Footwear
97
121
120
134
97
-38
-28.0
    Minerals and metals
19,599
20,893
23,062
22,750
20,994
-1,756
-7.7
    Machinery
19,675
21,197
23,207
23,472
23,133
-339
-1.4
    Transportation equipment
35,655
39,088
41,359
42,259
39,954
-2,305
-5.5
    Electronic products
45,042
47,915
50,645
54,149
53,648
-501
-0.9
    Miscellaneous manufactures
2,763
2,654
3,018
3,080
3,042
-38
-1.2
    Special provisions
6,615
6,892
7,394
7,134
6,762
-372
-5.2
        Total
215,875
225,954
240,331
235,745
230,959
-4,786
-2.0
U.S. general imports:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Agricultural products
17,752
19,296
21,218
23,008
24,896
1,888
8.2
    Forest products
1,525
1,652
1,817
1,951
1,911
-40
-2.1
    Chemicals and related products
9,130
9,652
10,657
10,759
10,616
-143
-1.3
    Energy-related products
39,816
34,813
30,282
13,674
8,727
-4,947
-36.2
    Textiles and apparel
5,784
5,830
5,976
5,902
5,806
-96
-1.6
    Footwear
492
549
499
494
413
-81
-16.3
    Minerals and metals
21,997
19,278
19,505
18,108
18,107
-1
(a)
    Machinery
25,328
26,357
29,062
30,101
29,923
-178
-0.6
    Transportation equipment
77,861
85,152
96,660
104,406
105,200
794
0.8
    Electronic products
65,628
65,188
65,059
72,477
73,566
1,089
1.5
    Miscellaneous manufactures
5,005
5,382
6,114
6,547
6,785
238
3.6
    Special provisions
7,275
7,408
8,891
8,982
8,200
-782
-8.7
        Total
277,594
280,556
295,739
296,408
294,151
-2,257
-0.8
U.S. merchandise trade balance:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Agricultural products
1,722
-428
-1,131
-4,710
-6,376
-1,666
-35.4
    Forest products
4,004
4,095
4,022
3,908
3,847
-61
-1.6
    Chemicals and related products
23,196
24,062
25,098
23,355
22,380
-975
-4.2
    Energy-related products
-15,688
-11,306
-6,169
4,828
11,888
7,060
146.2
    Textiles and apparel
-813
-472
-244
94
-364
-458
(b)
    Footwear
-395
-428
-379
-360
-317
43
12.0
    Minerals and metals
-2,398
1,615
3,557
4,642
2,887
-1,756
-37.8
    Machinery
-5,653
-5,160
-5,855
-6,629
-6,790
-161
-2.4
    Transportation equipment
-42,206
-46,063
-55,301
-62,148
-65,246
-3,099
-5.0
    Electronic products
-20,586
-17,272
-14,415
-18,328
-19,918
-1,590
-8.7
    Miscellaneous manufactures
-2,242
-2,728
-3,096
-3,467
-3,743
-276
-8.0
    Special provisions
-659
-515
-1,496
-1,848
-1,438
410
22.2
        Total
-61,719
-54,602
-55,408
-60,663
-63,192
-2,529
-4.2

Source: Compiled from official statistics of the U.S. Department of Commerce. These reflect all official revisions of previously published data up to June 2016 (accessed March 27, 2017).

Note: Import values are based on customs value; export values are based on free along ship value, U.S. port of export. Calculations based on unrounded data. Sectors are ordered by the level of processing of the products classified within each sector.

aLess than 0.05 percent.
bNot meaningful for purposes of comparison.

Table MX.2 Mexico: Leading changes in U.S. exports and imports, 2012–16

 
Million $
 
           
Absolute change,
Percent change,
USITC code and industry/commodity group 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2015-16 2015-16
U.S. total exports:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Increases:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
        EP005        Petroleum products
20,632
19,439
19,219
15,000
16,891
1,891
12.6
        EL015        Semiconductors and integrated circuits
5,663
6,549
6,486
6,954
7,635
681
9.8
        TE009        Motor vehicles
4,296
4,767
4,770
4,052
4,663
611
15.1
        TE002        Internal combustion piston engines, other than for aircraft
4,823
5,545
7,265
6,087
6,519
432
7.1
        EP006        Natural gas and components
2,776
3,346
4,313
3,031
3,444
413
13.6
        EL022        Medical goods
2,175
2,236
2,433
2,729
3,068
338
12.4
        AG030       Cereals
4,459
3,371
3,505
3,343
3,622
278
8.3
        TE006        Primary cells and batteries and electric storage batteries
638
859
905
972
1,167
195
20.0
        EL016        Miscellaneous electrical equipment
803
867
906
973
1,132
158
16.2
        MM036A   Unrefined and refined copper
82
30
12
37
178
141
379.9
        MT031      Molds and molding machinery
691
732
623
689
829
140
20.3
        MM031     Miscellaneous products of base metal
2,867
3,037
3,445
3,445
3,572
127
3.7
        AG003       Swine and pork
958
1,034
1,363
1,091
1,218
127
11.6
        TE007        Ignition, starting, lighting, and other electrical equipment
1,194
1,409
1,568
1,701
1,818
117
6.9
        EL011        Circuit apparatus not exceeding 1000V
3,052
3,463
3,803
3,910
4,018
108
2.8
        CH001       Major primary olefins
162
91
67
68
175
107
157.1
        MT018      Non-metalworking machine tools
52
63
64
72
178
106
146.2
        TE012        Trailers, semi-trailers, and parts
308
394
390
433
538
105
24.3
        TE015        Motors and engines, except internal combustion, aircraft, or electric
199
227
247
257
347
90
34.9
        AG015C     Vegetable seeds
187
207
205
217
303
86
39.7
        MM023     Iron and steel waste and scrap
301
254
262
287
371
84
29.4
        MS019      Arms, ammunition, and armored vehicles
70
37
41
49
131
82
167.4
        AG015       Seeds
321
371
369
380
459
79
20.7
        MM039     Lead and related articles
51
65
65
50
127
76
151.7
        EL007        Electric sound and visual signaling apparatus
349
412
459
462
537
76
16.4
        EL017        Computers, peripherals, and parts
14,219
14,665
15,739
16,458
16,534
75
0.5
        AG013       Animal feeds
1,428
1,458
1,555
1,437
1,503
66
4.6
        MT030      Miscellaneous machinery
1,290
1,421
1,485
1,542
1,606
64
4.2
        CH009       Chlor-alkali chemicals
328
313
307
302
365
63
20.8
        MM015     Glass containers
30
15
20
27
89
62
226.4
    Decreases:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
        TE010        Certain motor-vehicle parts
15,653
16,659
16,648
18,533
16,631
-1,902
-10.3
        EL002        Telecommunications equipment
6,259
6,236
5,805
7,077
5,546
-1,532
-21.6
        MM004     Copper ores and concentrates
922
1,548
2,178
2,502
1,726
-777
-31.0
        TE004        Construction and mining equipment
2,669
2,836
2,449
1,981
1,289
-692
-34.9
        MM025     Steel mill products
4,657
4,619
5,018
4,499
3,904
-595
-13.2
        TE013        Aircraft, spacecraft, and related equipment
2,558
3,300
3,005
3,587
3,023
-564
-15.7
        TE008        Rail locomotive and rolling stock
1,014
933
1,366
1,599
1,227
-372
-23.3
        CH032       Tires and tubes
1,514
1,568
1,835
1,682
1,410
-272
-16.2
        EL003        Consumer electronics
2,884
2,794
3,258
3,737
3,494
-243
-6.5
        MM025B   Plates, sheets, and strips of carbon and alloy steels
2,316
2,226
2,299
2,192
1,969
-223
-10.2
        TE001        Aircraft engines and gas turbines
1,047
797
1,040
1,228
1,013
-215
-17.5
        MM037     Unwrought aluminum
1,031
954
1,061
1,005
794
-211
-21.0
        CH006       Certain organic chemicals
3,885
3,742
3,738
3,080
2,892
-188
-6.1
        MT005      Centrifuges and filtering and purifying equipment
778
929
1,192
1,247
1,069
-178
-14.3
        MM036     Copper and related articles
1,888
1,939
1,860
1,882
1,714
-169
-9.0
        TX005        Apparel
910
947
1,032
1,108
941
-168
-15.1
        TX002        Fabrics
2,598
2,758
2,969
3,057
2,889
-168
-5.5
        MM025L   Pipes and tubes of carbon and alloy steels
648
693
778
554
393
-161
-29.1
        CH030       Other plastics in primary forms
2,551
2,706
2,918
3,040
2,891
-149
-4.9
        MT002      Air-conditioning equipment and parts
2,273
2,305
2,860
2,395
2,255
-140
-5.8
        MM038     Aluminum mill products
1,781
2,058
2,140
2,191
2,057
-134
-6.1
        MM025G  Plates, sheets, and strips of stainless steels
262
436
739
762
632
-130
-17.0
        CH004       Organic commodity chemicals
2,514
2,516
2,343
1,527
1,397
-130
-8.5
        MM037A   Primary and secondary aluminum
866
800
853
786
664
-122
-15.5
        MT022      Boilers, turbines, and related machinery
77
102
71
173
51
-122
-70.5
        EP002        Nuclear materials
69
64
68
125
6
-119
-95.5
        TX006        Miscellaneous textile products
645
751
862
940
824
-116
-12.3
        CH019       Medicinal chemicals
1,755
1,609
1,759
1,685
1,570
-115
-6.8
        MM038C   Aluminum plate, sheet, and strip
1,026
1,114
1,221
1,278
1,166
-111
-8.7
        AG005       Poultry
1,020
1,140
1,243
1,000
890
-110
-11.0
U.S. general imports:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Increases:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
        EL017        Computers, peripherals, and parts
16,210
15,000
14,681
17,952
19,079
1,127
6.3
        TE010        Certain motor-vehicle parts
26,847
28,374
32,205
35,474
36,542
1,068
3.0
        EL002        Telecommunications equipment
10,167
10,889
9,513
12,091
13,106
1,015
8.4
        AG018       Fresh, chilled, or frozen vegetables
4,409
4,957
5,063
5,256
6,043
787
15.0
        EL022        Medical goods
5,747
5,833
6,289
6,640
7,335
695
10.5
        TE002        Internal combustion piston engines, other than for aircraft
6,862
7,640
7,931
7,777
8,189
411
5.3
        MM020     Precious metals and non-numismatic coins
9,311
6,779
5,380
4,730
5,104
374
7.9
        AG040       Malt beverages
1,825
1,925
2,458
2,729
3,103
374
13.7
        AG021       Tropical fruit
1,164
1,456
1,764
2,050
2,351
301
14.7
        AG024       Other fresh fruit
1,485
1,540
1,781
2,059
2,330
272
13.2
        TE007        Ignition, starting, lighting, and other electrical equipment
2,428
2,615
2,851
3,127
3,386
260
8.3
        MS011      Lamps and lighting fittings
1,310
1,436
1,837
1,965
2,217
252
12.8
        MM020A   Unrefined and refined gold
5,427
3,668
2,778
2,672
2,921
250
9.3
        AG034       Pasta, cereals, and other bakery goods
932
954
942
1,073
1,288
215
20.1
        EL012        Circuit apparatus assemblies
2,967
3,548
3,825
3,965
4,176
211
5.3
        EL020        Optical goods, including ophthalmic goods
379
516
520
575
776
201
35.0
        AG020       Edible nuts
347
306
439
486
641
155
32.0
        MM031     Miscellaneous products of base metal
2,621
2,771
3,118
3,272
3,426
154
4.7
        TE014        Ships, tugs, pleasure boats, and similar vessels
69
80
129
242
396
154
63.5
        MT002      Air-conditioning equipment and parts
3,761
4,381
5,324
5,109
5,232
123
2.4
        EL025        Measuring, testing, and controlling instruments
4,145
4,313
4,746
4,941
5,045
104
2.1
        MT004A    Major household appliances and parts
3,256
3,287
3,364
3,744
3,847
103
2.7
        EL019        Optical fibers, optical fiber bundles and cables
287
349
356
413
515
102
24.8
        AG022       Citrus fruit
278
329
415
404
502
98
24.1
        MS017      Works of art and miscellaneous manufactured goods
123
158
164
202
293
91
44.9
        MM025B   Plates, sheets, and strips of carbon and alloy steels
545
591
679
462
552
90
19.5
        AG037       Cocoa, chocolate, and confectionery
959
975
993
1,038
1,115
77
7.4
        TE006        Primary cells and batteries and electric storage batteries
717
775
812
762
838
76
9.9
        EL007        Electric sound and visual signaling apparatus
589
612
640
685
754
69
10.1
        CH033       Miscellaneous plastic products
2,848
3,174
3,495
3,641
3,709
68
1.9
    Decreases:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
        EP004        Crude petroleum
37,217
31,940
27,740
12,487
7,583
-4,904
-39.3
        EL003        Consumer electronics
17,513
16,167
15,133
15,462
13,532
-1,930
-12.5
        EL003A      Television receivers and video monitors
15,517
13,618
12,116
12,379
10,496
-1,883
-15.2
        TE009        Motor vehicles
35,695
40,493
46,742
50,714
50,009
-705
-1.4
        EL008        Electrical capacitors and resistors
402
375
1,177
783
406
-377
-48.2
        AG002       Cattle and beef
1,242
1,069
1,543
1,918
1,631
-286
-14.9
        TE004        Construction and mining equipment
1,073
826
992
913
639
-274
-30.0
        MT029      Nonautomotive insulated electrical wire and related products
2,302
2,408
2,649
2,507
2,309
-198
-7.9
        EL015        Semiconductors and integrated circuits
1,162
1,081
1,250
1,661
1,475
-186
-11.2
        TX005        Apparel
3,939
3,916
3,967
3,818
3,658
-159
-4.2
        MM025     Steel mill products
2,473
2,549
3,209
2,170
2,029
-141
-6.5
        AG012       Sugar and other sweeteners
908
1,220
880
898
773
-125
-13.9
        TE012        Trailers, semi-trailers, and parts
743
739
994
1,287
1,165
-121
-9.4
        TX005C      Men's and boys' trousers
1,468
1,489
1,465
1,427
1,306
-120
-8.4
        MM025L   Pipes and tubes of carbon and alloy steels
834
794
1,169
835
716
-118
-14.2
        AG012A    Sugar
831
1,099
735
796
680
-116
-14.5
        MM036     Copper and related articles
1,255
956
1,099
1,064
957
-108
-10.1
        MS006      Precious jewelry and related articles
278
294
326
311
205
-105
-33.9
        MM027     Fabricated structurals
305
243
233
237
135
-102
-43.1
        TE008        Rail locomotive and rolling stock
176
202
217
242
151
-91
-37.7
        MM025A   Ingots, blooms, billets, and slabs of carbon and alloy steels
332
395
642
343
259
-84
-24.6
        CH007       Miscellaneous inorganic chemicals
327
357
485
386
305
-81
-21.0
        FW001      Footwear
492
549
499
494
413
-81
-16.3
        AG028       Coffee and tea
596
481
403
350
274
-76
-21.7
        MT020      Taps, cocks, valves, and similar devices
1,955
2,125
2,376
2,378
2,305
-73
-3.1
        MT021      Mechanical power transmission equipment
282
247
317
391
324
-67
-17.2
        MT023      Electric motors, generators, and related equipment
3,118
2,929
3,172
3,331
3,267
-64
-1.9
        MT024      Electrical transformers, static converters, and inductors
2,157
2,126
2,205
2,229
2,175
-55
-2.5
        TX004E      Bedspreads and other furnishing articles
77
69
91
87
36
-52
-59.2
        AG009       Shellfish
335
349
386
401
352
-49
-12.3

Source: Compiled from official statistics of the U.S. Department of Commerce. These reflect all official revisions of previously published data up to June 2016 (accessed March 27, 2017).

Note: Import values are based on customs value; export values are based on free along ship value, U.S. port of export. Calculations based on unrounded data.

Table ASIA.1 Asia: U.S. total exports, general imports, and merchandise trade balance, by major industry/commodity sectors, 2012–16

 
Million $
 
           
Absolute change,
Percent change,
Item 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2015-16 2015-16
U.S. total exports:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Agricultural products
66,756
66,226
69,498
60,942
63,779
2,837
4.7
    Forest products
12,290
13,008
13,358
12,121
12,484
363
3.0
    Chemicals and related products
54,303
52,892
53,159
51,138
50,867
-271
-0.5
    Energy-related products
16,251
16,526
14,206
10,607
11,918
1,311
12.4
    Textiles and apparel
3,696
3,832
3,636
3,176
2,928
-249
-7.8
    Footwear
403
388
412
457
421
-35
-7.7
    Minerals and metals
45,992
48,861
43,168
36,817
34,890
-1,927
-5.2
    Machinery
34,571
34,942
36,214
36,007
34,939
-1,068
-3.0
    Transportation equipment
58,057
68,733
71,926
72,025
68,446
-3,579
-5.0
    Electronic products
80,297
80,993
84,009
84,056
85,776
1,720
2.0
    Miscellaneous manufactures
8,365
9,538
10,930
12,168
11,151
-1,018
-8.4
    Special provisions
6,004
6,130
6,647
6,107
6,350
243
4.0
        Total
386,986
402,070
407,163
385,623
383,949
-1,674
-0.4
U.S. general imports:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Agricultural products
27,274
25,687
27,319
25,949
26,049
101
0.4
    Forest products
10,925
11,259
12,104
12,754
12,739
-15
-0.1
    Chemicals and related products
72,165
71,699
76,104
76,277
78,380
2,102
2.8
    Energy-related products
9,507
10,936
10,694
8,252
7,480
-772
-9.4
    Textiles and apparel
84,988
88,608
90,873
95,622
90,336
-5,287
-5.5
    Footwear
21,057
21,729
22,689
24,303
22,374
-1,928
-7.9
    Minerals and metals
59,610
60,870
68,003
68,618
65,498
-3,120
-4.5
    Machinery
80,089
81,159
87,254
89,178
86,215
-2,963
-3.3
    Transportation equipment
114,829
115,222
120,199
128,372
129,989
1,617
1.3
    Electronic products
275,935
282,275
298,997
306,609
302,639
-3,971
-1.3
    Miscellaneous manufactures
75,570
77,730
80,949
88,322
88,379
57
0.1
    Special provisions
17,792
18,296
18,971
19,421
18,455
-966
-5.0
        Total
849,741
865,470
914,157
943,678
928,533
-15,145
-1.6
U.S. merchandise trade balance:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Agricultural products
39,482
40,538
42,178
34,994
37,730
2,736
7.8
    Forest products
1,365
1,750
1,254
-632
-255
378
59.7
    Chemicals and related products
-17,861
-18,807
-22,946
-25,140
-27,513
-2,373
-9.4
    Energy-related products
6,744
5,590
3,511
2,355
4,437
2,083
88.4
    Textiles and apparel
-81,293
-84,776
-87,237
-92,446
-87,408
5,038
5.4
    Footwear
-20,654
-21,342
-22,277
-23,846
-21,953
1,893
7.9
    Minerals and metals
-13,618
-12,009
-24,835
-31,801
-30,608
1,193
3.8
    Machinery
-45,518
-46,217
-51,040
-53,171
-51,276
1,895
3.6
    Transportation equipment
-56,772
-46,489
-48,274
-56,347
-61,543
-5,196
-9.2
    Electronic products
-195,638
-201,281
-214,987
-222,553
-216,862
5,691
2.6
    Miscellaneous manufactures
-67,204
-68,192
-70,019
-76,154
-77,228
-1,074
-1.4
    Special provisions
-11,788
-12,166
-12,324
-13,314
-12,105
1,210
9.1
        Total
-462,756
-463,400
-506,994
-558,055
-544,584
13,471
2.4

Source: Compiled from official statistics of the U.S. Department of Commerce. These reflect all official revisions of previously published data up to June 2016 (accessed July 14, 2017).

Note: Import values are based on customs value; export values are based on free along ship value, U.S. port of export. Calculations based on unrounded data. Sectors are ordered by the level of processing of the products classified within each sector.

Table ASIA.2 Asia: Leading changes in U.S. exports and imports, 2012–16

 
Million $
 
           
Absolute change,
Percent change,
USITC code and industry/commodity group 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2015-16 2015-16
U.S. total exports:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Increases:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
        AG032       Oilseeds
19,134
16,922
18,615
14,313
18,409
4,096
28.6
        EP006        Natural gas and components
645
929
1,876
2,599
4,055
1,457
56.1
        EL002        Telecommunications equipment
8,326
9,617
11,386
11,788
13,166
1,378
11.7
        MM038     Aluminum mill products
855
874
898
954
2,185
1,231
129.0
        MM038A   Aluminum bars, rods, and profiles
142
136
132
147
1,362
1,215
826.5
        MT019A    Semiconductor manufacturing equipment
10,600
10,420
11,519
12,743
13,957
1,214
9.5
        MT019      Semiconductor manufacturing equipment and robotics
10,742
10,582
11,680
12,902
14,080
1,178
9.1
        EL015        Semiconductors and integrated circuits
25,603
25,458
27,076
26,732
27,891
1,159
4.3
        MM019     Natural and synthetic gemstones
6,592
8,184
8,686
8,007
9,159
1,153
14.4
        EP004        Crude petroleum
0
27
155
91
884
793
872.5
        TE010        Certain motor-vehicle parts
2,815
3,318
3,755
3,515
4,135
621
17.7
        EL022        Medical goods
11,186
11,470
11,251
11,495
12,042
547
4.8
        AG002       Cattle and beef
2,295
3,142
3,916
3,271
3,712
440
13.5
        TE001        Aircraft engines and gas turbines
2,074
2,553
2,184
2,494
2,842
348
14.0
        AG020       Edible nuts
2,889
3,179
2,968
3,113
3,425
312
10.0
        MT022      Boilers, turbines, and related machinery
613
688
400
428
672
245
57.2
        CH019       Medicinal chemicals
8,862
8,824
9,659
9,972
10,198
226
2.3
        AG003       Swine and pork
3,266
3,049
3,140
2,635
2,847
213
8.1
        FP002        Lumber
1,320
1,690
1,989
1,701
1,906
205
12.0
        AG036       Infant formulas, malt extracts, and other edible preparations
1,581
1,751
1,711
1,709
1,908
199
11.7
        MM036A   Unrefined and refined copper
769
434
636
51
239
189
370.1
        AG050       Ethyl alcohol for nonbeverage purposes
47
211
358
486
673
187
38.5
        AG033       Animal or vegetable fats and oils
659
471
398
279
451
171
61.3
        FP001        Logs and rough wood products
1,513
1,984
2,072
1,568
1,727
159
10.2
        CH007       Miscellaneous inorganic chemicals
6,222
5,519
5,796
5,634
5,789
155
2.7
        MM040A   Unwrought zinc
1
6
88
22
169
147
679.6
        MM004     Copper ores and concentrates
912
825
839
352
474
121
34.5
        MM040     Zinc and related articles
137
137
226
119
233
114
95.3
        EL009        Printed circuits
568
530
535
476
583
107
22.5
        CH027       Polyvinyl chloride resins in primary forms
543
369
344
324
430
107
32.9
    Decreases:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
        MM020     Precious metals and non-numismatic coins
12,806
15,762
11,185
9,537
6,624
-2,913
-30.5
        TE013        Aircraft, spacecraft, and related equipment
33,405
41,493
42,536
45,172
42,309
-2,863
-6.3
        MM020A   Unrefined and refined gold
10,657
13,585
8,804
7,515
5,058
-2,457
-32.7
        AG013       Animal feeds
5,089
6,223
6,414
6,493
5,506
-988
-15.2
        TE004        Construction and mining equipment
3,946
3,229
2,868
2,207
1,348
-859
-38.9
        EP005        Petroleum products
9,119
10,697
9,330
5,870
5,050
-820
-14.0
        AG030       Cereals
9,179
8,199
9,564
8,481
7,668
-813
-9.6
        MT030      Miscellaneous machinery
3,375
2,968
3,204
3,048
2,432
-617
-20.2
        EL017        Computers, peripherals, and parts
8,378
7,930
7,862
7,601
7,063
-538
-7.1
        MS017      Works of art and miscellaneous manufactured goods
1,033
1,119
2,049
2,509
2,013
-495
-19.7
        EL025        Measuring, testing, and controlling instruments
10,836
11,176
10,526
10,498
10,051
-447
-4.3
        AG046       Hides, skins, and leather
2,484
2,860
2,866
2,308
1,867
-442
-19.1
        MM037     Unwrought aluminum
3,032
2,875
2,392
1,925
1,483
-441
-22.9
        AG010       Dairy products
1,937
2,706
2,996
2,076
1,667
-409
-19.7
        TE002        Internal combustion piston engines, other than for aircraft
2,651
2,741
2,629
2,341
1,941
-400
-17.1
        MT020      Taps, cocks, valves, and similar devices
2,273
2,866
3,160
2,975
2,642
-333
-11.2
        EL011        Circuit apparatus not exceeding 1000V
1,926
2,045
2,405
2,756
2,428
-328
-11.9
        MS006      Precious jewelry and related articles
3,569
4,101
4,829
4,654
4,344
-311
-6.7
        MT009      Farm and garden machinery and equipment
990
859
780
885
591
-293
-33.2
        TE014        Ships, tugs, pleasure boats, and similar vessels
875
393
343
588
306
-282
-47.9
        CH010       Fertilizers
1,410
1,239
1,075
921
656
-265
-28.8
        MT023      Electric motors, generators, and related equipment
1,853
1,814
1,970
1,764
1,499
-264
-15.0
        MM036     Copper and related articles
4,809
4,373
3,879
2,641
2,392
-249
-9.4
        MM041     Certain base metals and chemical elements
1,240
1,232
1,234
1,339
1,101
-238
-17.8
        AG006       Fresh or frozen fish
1,924
1,879
1,941
2,039
1,816
-223
-10.9
        CH030       Other plastics in primary forms
5,607
5,759
5,996
5,345
5,127
-218
-4.1
        CH005       Organic specialty chemicals
2,838
2,622
2,599
2,632
2,443
-189
-7.2
        MT021      Mechanical power transmission equipment
659
709
757
668
482
-186
-27.9
        MM031     Miscellaneous products of base metal
1,188
1,287
1,440
1,494
1,317
-178
-11.9
        TX001        Fibers and yarns, except raw cotton and raw wool
1,417
1,509
1,370
1,076
900
-176
-16.3
U.S. general imports:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Increases:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
        CH019       Medicinal chemicals
13,053
12,384
11,874
14,720
18,565
3,845
26.1
        TE009        Motor vehicles
48,847
50,609
49,287
53,997
57,192
3,195
5.9
        EL015        Semiconductors and integrated circuits
24,778
25,581
28,717
33,565
36,375
2,810
8.4
        MM019     Natural and synthetic gemstones
6,873
8,936
9,452
9,966
11,497
1,530
15.4
        EL004        Blank and prerecorded media
3,468
3,914
4,962
6,152
7,405
1,254
20.4
        EL002        Telecommunications equipment
68,009
75,712
83,245
87,643
88,815
1,172
1.3
        MS009      Furniture
20,138
21,302
22,983
25,843
26,828
985
3.8
        TE001        Aircraft engines and gas turbines
2,975
3,161
3,365
4,452
5,095
643
14.5
        MT019      Semiconductor manufacturing equipment and robotics
7,891
7,277
7,835
6,424
7,033
610
9.5
        MS006      Precious jewelry and related articles
4,745
5,055
5,023
5,194
5,801
606
11.7
        MT019A    Semiconductor manufacturing equipment
7,544
6,936
7,393
5,970
6,536
567
9.5
        CH033       Miscellaneous plastic products
14,789
15,642
16,601
17,537
18,061
523
3.0
        EL022        Medical goods
7,595
8,246
8,834
9,672
10,132
460
4.8
        MM033     Cooking and kitchen ware
2,515
2,761
2,756
3,083
3,496
413
13.4
        EL016        Miscellaneous electrical equipment
3,854
3,787
4,203
4,782
5,193
410
8.6
        MM020A   Unrefined and refined gold
5
2
1
3
380
378
13,587.1
        TE006        Primary cells and batteries and electric storage batteries
3,376
3,712
4,065
4,227
4,601
374
8.8
        MT002      Air-conditioning equipment and parts
7,122
7,528
8,040
8,308
8,657
349
4.2
        CH021       Perfumes, cosmetics, and toiletries
1,275
1,286
1,386
1,681
2,009
328
19.5
        AG009       Shellfish
4,647
5,237
6,503
5,503
5,779
276
5.0
        MM020     Precious metals and non-numismatic coins
884
1,120
1,445
987
1,259
272
27.5
        EL020        Optical goods, including ophthalmic goods
5,455
5,469
5,901
5,800
6,051
251
4.3
        MT004A    Major household appliances and parts
3,333
3,883
4,084
4,488
4,725
237
5.3
        MM028     Metal construction components
716
760
895
1,221
1,427
206
16.8
        MS011      Lamps and lighting fittings
5,479
6,239
6,527
7,159
7,355
196
2.7
        CH023       Miscellaneous chemicals and specialties
2,023
2,154
2,315
2,356
2,545
189
8.0
        MS010      Writing instruments and related articles
1,082
1,099
1,136
1,199
1,358
160
13.3
        AG028       Coffee and tea
1,430
1,194
1,243
1,117
1,247
130
11.6
        MT025      Portable electric handtools
2,056
2,309
2,369
2,661
2,785
124
4.7
        TE010        Certain motor-vehicle parts
25,998
25,746
27,432
28,152
28,270
118
0.4
    Decreases:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
        EL017        Computers, peripherals, and parts
101,898
101,490
102,327
97,498
89,157
-8,341
-8.6
        TX005        Apparel
64,842
67,428
68,647
72,036
67,444
-4,592
-6.4
        MM025     Steel mill products
11,220
9,676
12,651
10,581
6,970
-3,611
-34.1
        FW001      Footwear
21,057
21,729
22,689
24,303
22,374
-1,928
-7.9
        EL003        Consumer electronics
28,868
25,444
26,014
25,513
24,096
-1,417
-5.6
        MM025B   Plates, sheets, and strips of carbon and alloy steels
3,178
2,900
4,781
4,231
2,831
-1,399
-33.1
        MM025L   Pipes and tubes of carbon and alloy steels
4,432
3,448
3,820
2,800
1,447
-1,353
-48.3
        EL003A      Television receivers and video monitors
11,593
10,222
11,842
11,588
10,531
-1,057
-9.1
        TX005E      Shirts and blouses
18,257
19,298
19,138
19,646
18,640
-1,006
-5.1
        MS001      Luggage, handbags, and flat goods
8,306
8,816
9,048
9,581
8,805
-775
-8.1
        MT020      Taps, cocks, valves, and similar devices
6,453
6,556
7,240
7,113
6,392
-721
-10.1
        CH005       Organic specialty chemicals
6,971
7,347
8,542
6,708
6,056
-652
-9.7
        CH032       Tires and tubes
9,178
9,252
9,538
9,069
8,417
-652
-7.2
        MS001A    Luggage
5,512
5,873
6,113
6,271
5,678
-593
-9.5
        TE014        Ships, tugs, pleasure boats, and similar vessels
768
585
299
996
420
-576
-57.8
        EP005        Petroleum products
7,598
8,772
8,770
7,024
6,463
-561
-8.0
        TX005M    Gloves, including gloves for sports
4,598
4,470
4,638
4,900
4,340
-561
-11.4
        EL023        Watches and clocks
1,924
2,104
2,185
2,456
1,940
-516
-21.0
        TX005G     Women's and girls' suits, skirts, and coats
4,424
4,165
4,446
4,638
4,125
-513
-11.1
        MT004      Household appliances, including commercial applications
13,259
14,466
15,295
16,378
15,872
-505
-3.1
        MT001      Pumps for liquids
3,021
2,975
3,500
3,136
2,631
-505
-16.1
        TE004        Construction and mining equipment
7,116
5,808
6,343
6,325
5,835
-490
-7.7
        TE008        Rail locomotive and rolling stock
810
759
1,107
1,308
824
-483
-37.0
        MS013      Toys and games
17,575
16,878
17,685
19,313
18,863
-450
-2.3
        MT015      Metal cutting machine tools
3,665
3,109
3,198
2,905
2,457
-448
-15.4
        CH010       Fertilizers
398
566
975
764
357
-407
-53.2
        MM032     Industrial fasteners of base metal
3,676
3,570
3,808
3,916
3,532
-384
-9.8
        AG017       Miscellaneous vegetable substances
4,156
2,439
1,995
1,461
1,083
-379
-25.9
        TX005F      Sweaters
2,076
2,101
2,369
2,230
1,860
-370
-16.6
        TE002        Internal combustion piston engines, other than for aircraft
8,601
7,876
8,942
8,907
8,542
-366
-4.1

Source: Compiled from official statistics of the U.S. Department of Commerce. These reflect all official revisions of previously published data up to June 2016 (accessed August 15, 2017).

Note: Import values are based on customs value; export values are based on free along ship value, U.S. port of export. Calculations based on unrounded data.

Table EU28.1 EU-28: U.S. total exports, general imports, and merchandise trade balance, by major industry/commodity sectors, 2012–16

 
Million $
 
           
Absolute change,
Percent change,
Item 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2015-16 2015-16
U.S. total exports:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Agricultural products
12,411
13,982
14,828
14,142
13,329
-813
-5.8
    Forest products
5,225
5,171
5,274
5,339
5,119
-220
-4.1
    Chemicals and related products
56,883
57,329
59,106
62,915
60,634
-2,281
-3.6
    Energy-related products
26,129
26,435
23,938
16,753
14,544
-2,209
-13.2
    Textiles and apparel
2,401
2,512
2,600
2,612
2,563
-49
-1.9
    Footwear
92
111
105
89
88
-1
-1.4
    Minerals and metals
27,679
21,191
24,460
22,405
21,973
-432
-1.9
    Machinery
18,730
19,328
21,126
20,777
20,035
-742
-3.6
    Transportation equipment
52,979
52,983
56,791
59,713
63,880
4,167
7.0
    Electronic products
46,442
46,508
49,449
48,382
47,854
-527
-1.1
    Miscellaneous manufactures
9,158
8,948
10,511
10,445
12,043
1,597
15.3
    Special provisions
7,553
7,596
8,022
8,417
8,264
-153
-1.8
        Total
265,683
262,095
276,208
271,988
270,325
-1,663
-0.6
U.S. general imports:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Agricultural products
20,516
21,482
22,799
23,523
24,785
1,262
5.4
    Forest products
4,535
4,752
4,974
5,121
5,337
216
4.2
    Chemicals and related products
87,933
86,870
96,207
105,936
106,653
717
0.7
    Energy-related products
27,776
24,483
22,336
14,271
12,067
-2,204
-15.4
    Textiles and apparel
5,425
5,696
6,229
6,068
5,687
-381
-6.3
    Footwear
1,687
1,869
2,092
2,054
2,054
(a)
(b)
    Minerals and metals
30,279
29,461
32,715
30,020
27,204
-2,815
-9.4
    Machinery
41,693
41,886
47,764
46,092
44,147
-1,945
-4.2
    Transportation equipment
85,627
91,012
100,170
105,942
95,782
-10,160
-9.6
    Electronic products
42,489
43,078
45,290
44,970
48,570
3,600
8.0
    Miscellaneous manufactures
15,268
17,412
17,890
19,262
18,787
-475
-2.5
    Special provisions
18,971
19,509
22,126
24,303
25,592
1,289
5.3
        Total
382,199
387,510
420,591
427,562
416,665
-10,896
-2.5
U.S. merchandise trade balance:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Agricultural products
-8,105
-7,500
-7,971
-9,381
-11,456
-2,076
-22.1
    Forest products
689
419
300
218
-218
-435
(c)
    Chemicals and related products
-31,050
-29,542
-37,101
-43,021
-46,019
-2,999
-7.0
    Energy-related products
-1,647
1,952
1,602
2,482
2,478
-4
-0.2
    Textiles and apparel
-3,024
-3,183
-3,628
-3,455
-3,123
332
9.6
    Footwear
-1,596
-1,758
-1,987
-1,965
-1,966
-1
-0.1
    Minerals and metals
-2,600
-8,270
-8,255
-7,615
-5,232
2,383
31.3
    Machinery
-22,963
-22,558
-26,638
-25,316
-24,113
1,203
4.8
    Transportation equipment
-32,648
-38,029
-43,380
-46,230
-31,902
14,327
31.0
    Electronic products
3,953
3,430
4,159
3,412
-715
-4,127
(c)
    Miscellaneous manufactures
-6,109
-8,464
-7,379
-8,817
-6,745
2,072
23.5
    Special provisions
-11,418
-11,913
-14,103
-15,886
-17,328
-1,442
-9.1
        Total
-116,517
-125,415
-144,383
-155,573
-146,340
9,233
5.9

Source: Compiled from official statistics of the U.S. Department of Commerce. These reflect all official revisions of previously published data up to June 2016 (accessed March 27, 2017).

Note: Import values are based on customs value; export values are based on free along ship value, U.S. port of export. Calculations based on unrounded data. Sectors are ordered by the level of processing of the products classified within each sector.

Less than $500,000.
Less than 0.05 percent.
Not meaningful for purposes of comparison.

Table EU28.2 EU-28: Leading changes in U.S. exports and imports, 2012–16

 
Million $
 
           
Absolute change,
Percent change,
USITC code and industry/commodity group 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2015-16 2015-16
U.S. total exports:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Increases:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
        TE013        Aircraft, spacecraft, and related equipment
28,936
30,735
32,387
34,656
38,084
3,427
9.9
        MS017      Works of art and miscellaneous manufactured goods
4,058
4,409
5,469
5,477
6,873
1,396
25.5
        EP004        Crude petroleum
0
0
193
302
1,466
1,165
386.4
        TE009        Motor vehicles
9,428
8,386
9,654
10,227
11,384
1,157
11.3
        EP006        Natural gas and components
414
1,090
1,758
979
1,403
424
43.3
        MM020A   Unrefined and refined gold
7,364
1,504
3,293
3,670
3,983
313
8.5
        MM019     Natural and synthetic gemstones
3,733
3,834
4,697
3,944
4,211
266
6.7
        EL015        Semiconductors and integrated circuits
2,360
2,215
2,433
2,318
2,473
155
6.7
        CH021       Perfumes, cosmetics, and toiletries
1,723
1,874
2,156
2,251
2,384
132
5.9
        EL012        Circuit apparatus assemblies
737
823
1,010
984
1,113
129
13.1
        MS013      Toys and games
391
361
396
433
557
124
28.7
        TE001        Aircraft engines and gas turbines
3,139
2,740
2,881
2,725
2,819
94
3.4
        EL011        Circuit apparatus not exceeding 1000V
1,084
1,095
1,188
1,148
1,241
93
8.1
        AG033       Animal or vegetable fats and oils
570
496
433
396
487
90
22.8
        CH033       Miscellaneous plastic products
3,272
3,332
3,671
3,729
3,818
90
2.4
        MT022      Boilers, turbines, and related machinery
264
227
285
209
297
88
42.0
        MT005      Centrifuges and filtering and purifying equipment
1,174
1,235
1,364
1,358
1,442
84
6.2
        EL016        Miscellaneous electrical equipment
495
552
507
500
582
81
16.3
        TE011A     Motorcycles and mopeds
520
550
651
674
752
78
11.5
        EL005        Navigational instruments and remote control apparatus
877
796
1,111
913
989
76
8.3
        EL006        Radio and television broadcasting equipment
232
183
199
191
264
73
38.2
        MS006      Precious jewelry and related articles
1,720
1,531
1,774
1,707
1,779
73
4.3
        TE008        Rail locomotive and rolling stock
136
177
216
160
229
69
43.2
        AG041       Wine and certain other fermented beverages
485
629
526
629
694
65
10.3
        AG017       Miscellaneous vegetable substances
306
286
294
299
361
62
20.7
        AG036       Infant formulas, malt extracts, and other edible preparations
613
765
849
760
820
60
7.8
        MT029      Nonautomotive insulated electrical wire and related products
574
707
675
624
683
59
9.4
        CH020       Essential oils and other flavoring materials
575
640
668
687
738
51
7.4
        TE006        Primary cells and batteries and electric storage batteries
587
679
848
955
1,005
50
5.2
        CH022       Soaps, detergents, and surface-active agents
736
731
847
751
800
49
6.5
    Decreases:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
        EP005        Petroleum products
18,517
20,088
17,507
11,997
9,355
-2,643
-22.0
        CH019       Medicinal chemicals
28,107
28,566
29,689
34,016
32,917
-1,098
-3.2
        EP003        Coal, coke, and related chemical products
6,669
5,093
3,963
2,567
1,781
-786
-30.6
        CH005       Organic specialty chemicals
3,701
3,417
3,143
3,130
2,686
-444
-14.2
        AG020       Edible nuts
1,861
2,571
3,030
3,166
2,741
-425
-13.4
        EP002        Nuclear materials
529
164
517
908
539
-368
-40.6
        MT019A    Semiconductor manufacturing equipment
1,830
2,111
2,308
2,409
2,060
-349
-14.5
        MT019      Semiconductor manufacturing equipment and robotics
1,965
2,240
2,442
2,549
2,205
-344
-13.5
        MM025     Steel mill products
1,346
1,113
1,121
1,040
756
-284
-27.3
        CH004       Organic commodity chemicals
804
972
1,127
835
561
-274
-32.8
        EL022        Medical goods
15,674
16,085
16,599
16,520
16,250
-270
-1.6
        EL025        Measuring, testing, and controlling instruments
6,486
6,536
6,924
6,659
6,391
-267
-4.0
        AG013       Animal feeds
718
1,396
1,150
884
620
-264
-29.8
        EL017        Computers, peripherals, and parts
6,477
6,301
6,543
6,265
6,015
-249
-4.0
        CH017       Pesticide products and formulations
1,950
1,856
1,411
1,637
1,389
-248
-15.1
        TE002        Internal combustion piston engines, other than for aircraft
2,618
2,482
2,469
2,236
1,992
-244
-10.9
        CH006       Certain organic chemicals
3,059
3,026
3,174
3,074
2,860
-214
-7.0
        TE010        Certain motor-vehicle parts
2,312
2,348
2,810
3,451
3,245
-206
-6.0
        MT030      Miscellaneous machinery
1,598
1,784
1,976
1,863
1,667
-195
-10.5
        TE004        Construction and mining equipment
2,575
2,172
1,841
1,668
1,490
-177
-10.6
        MM007A   Molybdenum ores and concentrates
712
598
757
416
244
-172
-41.4
        MM007     Certain ores, concentrates, ash, and residues
740
620
778
446
278
-168
-37.7
        MT009      Farm and garden machinery and equipment
2,236
1,991
2,025
1,854
1,691
-162
-8.8
        MM025L   Pipes and tubes of carbon and alloy steels
173
203
189
260
113
-147
-56.5
        FP001        Logs and rough wood products
381
510
664
856
711
-145
-17.0
        MT020      Taps, cocks, valves, and similar devices
1,552
1,691
2,027
2,066
1,941
-125
-6.0
        EL019        Optical fibers, optical fiber bundles and cables
306
277
357
460
337
-123
-26.8
        MM025G  Plates, sheets, and strips of stainless steels
431
403
423
302
195
-107
-35.4
        AG042       Distilled spirits
761
801
852
878
782
-96
-11.0
        CH007       Miscellaneous inorganic chemicals
2,384
2,135
2,416
2,335
2,239
-96
-4.1
U.S. general imports:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Increases:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
        EL015        Semiconductors and integrated circuits
2,160
2,019
1,812
2,076
4,303
2,227
107.3
        CH005       Organic specialty chemicals
3,833
4,542
4,371
4,322
6,103
1,781
41.2
        EL022        Medical goods
13,672
14,152
14,467
14,475
15,128
653
4.5
        EL002        Telecommunications equipment
3,288
3,076
3,470
3,281
3,866
585
17.8
        MS006      Precious jewelry and related articles
1,327
1,529
1,755
1,579
2,009
430
27.3
        AG042       Distilled spirits
5,146
5,460
5,411
5,506
5,923
417
7.6
        MS019      Arms, ammunition, and armored vehicles
1,809
2,181
1,825
1,612
1,873
262
16.2
        MT006      Wrapping, packaging, and can-sealing machinery
1,451
1,656
1,758
1,593
1,831
238
14.9
        AG033       Animal or vegetable fats and oils
945
963
1,159
1,081
1,316
234
21.7
        MS019A    Small arms and ammunition
1,242
1,571
1,400
1,260
1,484
223
17.7
        EL020        Optical goods, including ophthalmic goods
2,568
2,758
3,000
3,046
3,250
204
6.7
        CH021       Perfumes, cosmetics, and toiletries
3,433
3,845
4,289
4,128
4,325
197
4.8
        AG041       Wine and certain other fermented beverages
3,499
3,733
3,923
3,972
4,159
187
4.7
        EP002        Nuclear materials
2,735
1,794
1,326
1,069
1,243
174
16.3
        EL017        Computers, peripherals, and parts
3,017
3,060
3,057
2,838
2,992
154
5.4
        EL012        Circuit apparatus assemblies
1,376
1,489
1,712
1,730
1,873
143
8.3
        FP013        Printing and writing papers
1,016
949
830
885
1,028
142
16.1
        EP004        Crude petroleum
888
1,011
414
244
386
142
58.3
        AG037       Cocoa, chocolate, and confectionery
1,030
977
1,004
896
1,036
140
15.6
        AG039       Nonalcoholic beverages, excluding fruit and vegetable juices
899
914
972
1,082
1,220
138
12.8
        EL006        Radio and television broadcasting equipment
134
113
147
154
260
106
68.3
        MT012      Printing and related machinery
653
655
717
689
785
96
13.9
        CH023       Miscellaneous chemicals and specialties
1,410
1,838
1,662
1,625
1,719
93
5.7
        MM012     Ceramic floor and wall tiles
523
616
679
761
852
91
12.0
        MS009      Furniture
2,148
2,513
2,849
2,892
2,983
90
3.1
        MT010      Industrial food-processing and related machinery
721
872
938
971
1,058
86
8.9
        TE006        Primary cells and batteries and electric storage batteries
363
418
430
405
487
82
20.1
        FP004        Wood veneer and wood panels
193
245
306
354
435
81
23.0
        CH033       Miscellaneous plastic products
3,292
3,684
3,943
4,025
4,106
81
2.0
        MT011      Pulp, paper, and paperboard machinery
738
501
650
733
814
81
11.0
    Decreases:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
        TE009        Motor vehicles
33,844
37,177
40,316
46,186
43,399
-2,787
-6.0
        EP005        Petroleum products
23,689
21,461
20,241
12,715
10,229
-2,486
-19.5
        MM025     Steel mill products
8,518
6,761
8,649
7,058
4,954
-2,104
-29.8
        TE013        Aircraft, spacecraft, and related equipment
10,464
13,010
14,157
13,965
12,094
-1,872
-13.4
        TE002        Internal combustion piston engines, other than for aircraft
7,565
7,326
8,649
8,649
7,060
-1,589
-18.4
        TE001        Aircraft engines and gas turbines
12,098
12,674
13,487
13,172
11,605
-1,567
-11.9
        MS017      Works of art and miscellaneous manufactured goods
6,669
7,683
7,644
9,375
7,993
-1,382
-14.7
        TE004        Construction and mining equipment
6,098
5,487
6,079
5,841
4,859
-982
-16.8
        MM025L   Pipes and tubes of carbon and alloy steels
2,721
1,912
2,141
1,829
849
-981
-53.6
        TE010        Certain motor-vehicle parts
8,418
8,653
9,900
10,142
9,365
-777
-7.7
        MT019A    Semiconductor manufacturing equipment
3,537
2,793
4,663
3,731
3,170
-560
-15.0
        MT019      Semiconductor manufacturing equipment and robotics
3,744
3,042
4,934
4,077
3,530
-548
-13.4
        MT009      Farm and garden machinery and equipment
3,115
3,498
3,810
3,315
2,909
-407
-12.3
        MT020      Taps, cocks, valves, and similar devices
3,323
3,576
4,155
4,068
3,669
-399
-9.8
        CH019       Medicinal chemicals
56,963
53,277
60,976
72,101
71,716
-385
-0.5
        MM025B   Plates, sheets, and strips of carbon and alloy steels
1,945
1,882
2,685
2,348
1,976
-372
-15.8
        EL025        Measuring, testing, and controlling instruments
7,946
7,957
8,310
8,077
7,757
-320
-4.0
        MM019     Natural and synthetic gemstones
3,736
4,306
4,224
4,259
3,939
-320
-7.5
        MT030      Miscellaneous machinery
3,883
4,133
4,516
4,309
3,990
-319
-7.4
        MT001      Pumps for liquids
2,235
2,268
2,482
2,327
2,017
-309
-13.3
        TE011        Powersport vehicles
734
775
915
1,163
964
-198
-17.1
        TE014        Ships, tugs, pleasure boats, and similar vessels
663
657
737
1,143
950
-193
-16.9
        CH032       Tires and tubes
1,894
1,973
2,088
2,225
2,039
-186
-8.4
        MT021      Mechanical power transmission equipment
2,375
2,061
2,214
2,137
1,956
-181
-8.5
        MM041     Certain base metals and chemical elements
1,578
1,347
1,555
1,372
1,191
-181
-13.2
        TX005        Apparel
2,507
2,700
2,988
2,867
2,687
-180
-6.3
        MM025C   Bars, rods, and light shapes of carbon and alloy steels
699
576
769
626
448
-178
-28.4
        MM031     Miscellaneous products of base metal
2,080
2,044
2,314
2,254
2,077
-176
-7.8
        TE003        Forklift trucks and similar industrial vehicles
1,003
1,130
1,342
1,352
1,186
-166
-12.3
        MT005      Centrifuges and filtering and purifying equipment
1,784
1,853
2,049
2,111
1,955
-156
-7.4

Source: Compiled from official statistics of the U.S. Department of Commerce. These reflect all official revisions of previously published data up to June 2016 (accessed March 27, 2017).

Note: Import values are based on customs value; export values are based on free along ship value, U.S. port of export. Calculations based on unrounded data.

Table NF.1 NAFTA: U.S. total exports, general imports, and merchandise trade balance, by major industry/commodity sectors, 2012–16

 
Million $
 
           
Absolute change,
Percent change,
Item 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2015-16 2015-16
U.S. total exports:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Agricultural products
44,903
45,436
47,459
44,430
44,299
-131
-0.3
    Forest products
16,431
16,755
16,627
16,058
15,433
-626
-3.9
    Chemicals and related products
72,536
74,251
77,038
72,323
69,372
-2,951
-4.1
    Energy-related products
43,821
49,344
58,153
40,620
36,828
-3,792
-9.3
    Textiles and apparel
10,223
10,781
11,264
11,205
10,476
-729
-6.5
    Footwear
516
580
617
635
604
-31
-4.9
    Minerals and metals
51,949
51,894
53,659
49,205
45,785
-3,420
-7.0
    Machinery
50,386
51,848
55,314
52,632
49,212
-3,420
-6.5
    Transportation equipment
112,307
116,595
119,453
116,492
112,799
-3,693
-3.2
    Electronic products
80,841
83,068
85,817
86,587
84,862
-1,725
-2.0
    Miscellaneous manufactures
12,125
12,085
12,922
11,933
11,457
-476
-4.0
    Special provisions
12,489
14,071
14,825
14,234
15,793
1,559
11.0
        Total
508,526
526,709
553,148
516,354
496,920
-19,434
-3.8
U.S. general imports:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Agricultural products
40,966
44,237
47,655
48,297
50,188
1,891
3.9
    Forest products
17,989
19,740
20,785
20,019
20,622
603
3.0
    Chemicals and related products
42,670
42,951
44,175
42,970
40,310
-2,660
-6.2
    Energy-related products
143,608
145,043
148,211
84,446
63,780
-20,665
-24.5
    Textiles and apparel
8,198
8,154
8,279
8,145
7,991
-155
-1.9
    Footwear
542
596
557
567
463
-104
-18.3
    Minerals and metals
54,429
51,949
52,829
47,878
46,892
-985
-2.1
    Machinery
38,702
39,949
42,756
43,015
42,085
-931
-2.2
    Transportation equipment
151,302
156,700
171,198
178,294
178,807
513
0.3
    Electronic products
75,149
74,289
74,174
81,413
82,490
1,077
1.3
    Miscellaneous manufactures
9,479
9,784
10,642
11,798
12,323
525
4.5
    Special provisions
18,823
19,669
23,757
25,723
26,268
545
2.1
        Total
601,857
613,060
645,017
592,564
572,218
-20,346
-3.4
U.S. merchandise trade balance:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Agricultural products
3,937
1,199
-196
-3,867
-5,889
-2,022
-52.3
    Forest products
-1,558
-2,985
-4,158
-3,961
-5,189
-1,228
-31.0
    Chemicals and related products
29,866
31,300
32,863
29,353
29,062
-291
-1.0
    Energy-related products
-99,788
-95,699
-90,057
-43,825
-26,952
16,873
38.5
    Textiles and apparel
2,025
2,628
2,985
3,060
2,485
-575
-18.8
    Footwear
-25
-16
60
68
141
73
107.3
    Minerals and metals
-2,479
-54
830
1,328
-1,107
-2,435
(a)
    Machinery
11,684
11,899
12,558
9,617
7,127
-2,489
-25.9
    Transportation equipment
-38,996
-40,105
-51,744
-61,802
-66,008
-4,205
-6.8
    Electronic products
5,692
8,779
11,643
5,175
2,372
-2,802
-54.2
    Miscellaneous manufactures
2,646
2,302
2,280
135
-866
-1,001
(a)
    Special provisions
-6,334
-5,598
-8,932
-11,489
-10,475
1,014
8.8
        Total
-93,331
-86,350
-91,869
-76,209
-75,298
911
1.2

Source: Compiled from official statistics of the U.S. Department of Commerce. These reflect all official revisions of previously published data up to June 2016 (accessed July 14, 2017).

Note: Import values are based on customs value; export values are based on free along ship value, U.S. port of export. Calculations based on unrounded data. Sectors are ordered by the level of processing of the products classified within each sector.

Not meaningful for purposes of comparison.

Table NF.2 NAFTA: Leading changes in U.S. exports and imports, 2012–16

 
Million $
 
           
Absolute change,
Percent change,
USITC code and industry/commodity group 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2015-16 2015-16
U.S. total exports:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Increases:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
        TE002        Internal combustion piston engines, other than for aircraft
11,977
12,118
13,691
12,321
13,340
1,019
8.3
        TE009        Motor vehicles
30,274
31,961
32,743
30,388
31,322
934
3.1
        EP005        Petroleum products
32,555
34,109
34,784
25,099
25,710
611
2.4
        EL015        Semiconductors and integrated circuits
8,223
9,130
8,957
8,908
9,506
598
6.7
        MM020     Precious metals and non-numismatic coins
4,062
3,350
2,393
2,536
2,839
302
11.9
        TE007        Ignition, starting, lighting, and other electrical equipment
2,692
2,918
3,181
3,365
3,590
224
6.7
        AG045       Cigarettes
41
202
219
469
677
208
44.3
        EL016        Miscellaneous electrical equipment
1,328
1,409
1,589
1,675
1,883
208
12.4
        EL022        Medical goods
5,840
5,841
5,985
6,095
6,290
195
3.2
        AG030       Cereals
4,898
3,773
3,973
3,836
4,020
184
4.8
        TE006        Primary cells and batteries and electric storage batteries
1,715
2,042
2,073
1,990
2,171
181
9.1
        AG003       Swine and pork
1,471
1,484
1,844
1,479
1,614
135
9.1
        CH001       Major primary olefins
371
284
265
201
328
127
63.3
        MS019      Arms, ammunition, and armored vehicles
543
488
412
412
533
121
29.3
        AG036       Infant formulas, malt extracts, and other edible preparations
1,935
2,020
2,074
2,039
2,160
121
5.9
        MT018      Non-metalworking machine tools
261
280
290
278
385
107
38.3
        MM020A   Unrefined and refined gold
804
1,262
384
611
710
99
16.2
        EL007        Electric sound and visual signaling apparatus
717
760
801
797
891
95
11.9
        AG015C     Vegetable seeds
280
302
306
316
406
90
28.5
        AG032       Oilseeds
2,201
1,824
2,159
1,680
1,765
85
5.1
        EL019        Optical fibers, optical fiber bundles and cables
459
488
562
526
610
84
16.0
        AG015       Seeds
671
755
807
726
808
82
11.4
        AG006       Fresh or frozen fish
519
554
487
450
532
82
18.3
        MM036A   Unrefined and refined copper
93
53
211
273
348
74
27.2
        MM039     Lead and related articles
108
120
113
90
163
73
80.4
        AG037       Cocoa, chocolate, and confectionery
1,329
1,442
1,572
1,470
1,541
71
4.9
        MM015     Glass containers
252
229
236
238
307
70
29.3
        MT031      Molds and molding machinery
1,176
1,192
1,129
1,191
1,259
68
5.8
        MS017      Works of art and miscellaneous manufactured goods
494
467
542
551
614
63
11.4
        EL006        Radio and television broadcasting equipment
520
522
583
531
592
61
11.4
    Decreases:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
        EP004        Crude petroleum
2,634
5,073
11,543
8,104
4,631
-3,473
-42.9
        EL002        Telecommunications equipment
10,481
10,342
10,662
12,040
10,151
-1,889
-15.7
        TE004        Construction and mining equipment
9,994
8,943
8,320
6,794
5,109
-1,685
-24.8
        TE013        Aircraft, spacecraft, and related equipment
8,349
9,992
10,629
11,877
10,379
-1,498
-12.6
        TE010        Certain motor-vehicle parts
34,874
36,019
35,448
36,619
35,198
-1,420
-3.9
        MM025     Steel mill products
12,994
12,413
12,668
10,172
8,909
-1,263
-12.4
        MM004     Copper ores and concentrates
1,419
1,761
2,396
2,728
1,942
-786
-28.8
        MT021      Mechanical power transmission equipment
1,526
1,475
2,798
2,765
2,254
-511
-18.5
        EP006        Natural gas and components
6,460
8,202
9,772
5,822
5,357
-464
-8.0
        CH032       Tires and tubes
3,927
3,820
4,024
3,701
3,244
-457
-12.4
        MT023      Electric motors, generators, and related equipment
3,630
3,591
4,017
3,670
3,233
-438
-11.9
        TE008        Rail locomotive and rolling stock
1,998
1,840
2,412
2,632
2,218
-414
-15.7
        MM025L   Pipes and tubes of carbon and alloy steels
2,628
2,600
2,394
1,597
1,207
-390
-24.4
        TE001        Aircraft engines and gas turbines
1,528
1,248
1,628
2,086
1,704
-382
-18.3
        CH007       Miscellaneous inorganic chemicals
2,956
3,404
3,605
3,503
3,128
-376
-10.7
        MM025B   Plates, sheets, and strips of carbon and alloy steels
5,283
5,112
5,285
4,561
4,201
-360
-7.9
        CH019       Medicinal chemicals
6,515
6,105
6,747
6,497
6,141
-356
-5.5
        MM036     Copper and related articles
3,134
3,063
3,098
2,963
2,608
-355
-12.0
        CH006       Certain organic chemicals
6,204
6,084
6,058
5,080
4,750
-330
-6.5
        MM037     Unwrought aluminum
1,543
1,455
1,599
1,497
1,206
-290
-19.4
        EL003        Consumer electronics
6,086
5,817
5,922
6,074
5,796
-277
-4.6
        EP003        Coal, coke, and related chemical products
1,721
1,378
1,331
1,145
876
-269
-23.5
        MT009      Farm and garden machinery and equipment
5,775
6,143
5,526
4,995
4,730
-265
-5.3
        MT001      Pumps for liquids
3,045
2,834
3,037
2,516
2,255
-261
-10.4
        TX005        Apparel
2,851
3,092
3,284
3,278
3,026
-253
-7.7
        MM038     Aluminum mill products
3,603
3,835
3,975
4,002
3,758
-244
-6.1
        MT003      Industrial thermal-processing equipment and furnaces
1,502
1,565
1,632
1,635
1,399
-235
-14.4
        CH030       Other plastics in primary forms
4,967
5,160
5,455
5,375
5,142
-233
-4.3
        CH010       Fertilizers
1,591
1,512
1,466
1,477
1,247
-230
-15.6
        MT020      Taps, cocks, valves, and similar devices
4,176
4,340
4,732
4,560
4,331
-228
-5.0
U.S. general imports:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Increases:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
        TE009        Motor vehicles
82,936
85,721
91,838
95,487
97,719
2,232
2.3
        EL017        Computers, peripherals, and parts
17,116
15,907
15,462
18,651
19,776
1,125
6.0
        FP002        Lumber
3,335
4,340
4,954
4,567
5,683
1,117
24.5
        EL002        Telecommunications equipment
11,610
12,271
10,885
13,449
14,395
945
7.0
        AG018       Fresh, chilled, or frozen vegetables
5,531
6,274
6,377
6,578
7,461
883
13.4
        MM020     Precious metals and non-numismatic coins
15,584
14,031
11,280
10,094
10,975
880
8.7
        EL022        Medical goods
6,317
6,430
6,908
7,340
8,177
838
11.4
        MM020A   Unrefined and refined gold
7,979
6,851
6,044
5,290
5,978
688
13.0
        TE010        Certain motor-vehicle parts
36,812
38,617
43,185
46,170
46,637
467
1.0
        AG034       Pasta, cereals, and other bakery goods
3,293
3,412
3,518
3,812
4,194
382
10.0
        TE001        Aircraft engines and gas turbines
3,628
3,535
3,814
3,573
3,940
367
10.3
        FP004        Wood veneer and wood panels
1,565
2,001
1,893
1,989
2,337
348
17.5
        AG040       Malt beverages
2,015
2,109
2,620
2,873
3,213
340
11.8
        MS011      Lamps and lighting fittings
1,703
1,821
2,255
2,475
2,809
334
13.5
        MS009      Furniture
4,218
4,425
4,740
5,204
5,523
320
6.1
        TE002        Internal combustion piston engines, other than for aircraft
10,708
10,794
11,629
11,469
11,783
314
2.7
        AG021       Tropical fruit
1,164
1,456
1,764
2,050
2,351
301
14.7
        TE007        Ignition, starting, lighting, and other electrical equipment
2,638
2,847
3,112
3,382
3,650
268
7.9
        AG033       Animal or vegetable fats and oils
2,281
2,065
1,968
1,845
2,105
260
14.1
        EL012        Circuit apparatus assemblies
3,524
4,110
4,435
4,570
4,828
258
5.6
        AG024       Other fresh fruit
1,670
1,710
1,946
2,240
2,496
256
11.4
        AG037       Cocoa, chocolate, and confectionery
2,420
2,516
2,680
2,852
3,060
208
7.3
        AG006       Fresh or frozen fish
992
998
963
1,100
1,288
188
17.0
        EP002        Nuclear materials
225
617
479
605
792
187
31.0
        MM028     Metal construction components
1,043
1,099
1,114
1,384
1,565
180
13.0
        CH023       Miscellaneous chemicals and specialties
733
783
872
772
942
170
22.0
        EL020        Optical goods, including ophthalmic goods
1,013
981
889
955
1,117
162
16.9
        AG020       Edible nuts
421
391
537
622
778
155
24.9
        EL025        Measuring, testing, and controlling instruments
5,707
5,888
6,378
6,658
6,784
127
1.9
        MT002      Air-conditioning equipment and parts
4,456
5,069
6,015
5,805
5,932
127
2.2
    Decreases:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
        EP004        Crude petroleum
110,083
108,594
110,894
59,460
43,773
-15,686
-26.4
        EP005        Petroleum products
20,810
21,238
18,092
13,069
9,293
-3,776
-28.9
        TE013        Aircraft, spacecraft, and related equipment
6,634
7,488
9,136
9,521
7,186
-2,335
-24.5
        EL003        Consumer electronics
17,885
16,529
15,491
15,834
13,865
-1,970
-12.4
        EL003A      Television receivers and video monitors
15,688
13,755
12,233
12,504
10,610
-1,894
-15.1
        CH010       Fertilizers
5,534
5,112
4,111
4,392
3,157
-1,235
-28.1
        EP006        Natural gas and components
9,779
11,550
15,443
8,240
7,185
-1,056
-12.8
        MM025     Steel mill products
8,154
7,697
8,964
6,942
6,131
-811
-11.7
        MM025L   Pipes and tubes of carbon and alloy steels
2,402
2,183
2,582
1,989
1,398
-592
-29.7
        TE004        Construction and mining equipment
2,310
1,796
2,078
1,938
1,361
-577
-29.8
        AG002       Cattle and beef
3,196
3,240
4,541
4,497
3,953
-545
-12.1
        MM037A   Primary and secondary aluminum
4,467
4,514
4,805
4,669
4,243
-425
-9.1
        MM037     Unwrought aluminum
5,172
5,184
5,557
5,332
4,908
-424
-7.9
        EL008        Electrical capacitors and resistors
429
401
1,201
801
426
-375
-46.8
        MM036     Copper and related articles
3,729
3,723
4,037
3,374
3,011
-363
-10.8
        FP013        Printing and writing papers
2,088
2,160
2,071
1,814
1,464
-350
-19.3
        AG030       Cereals
1,590
1,998
1,721
1,310
996
-314
-24.0
        CH019       Medicinal chemicals
4,638
4,239
5,021
5,933
5,646
-287
-4.8
        CH006       Certain organic chemicals
1,858
1,999
2,180
1,813
1,537
-275
-15.2
        EL015        Semiconductors and integrated circuits
2,417
2,224
2,490
2,619
2,355
-265
-10.1
        MT020      Taps, cocks, valves, and similar devices
2,708
2,890
3,217
3,104
2,853
-251
-8.1
        EP001        Electrical energy
1,914
2,429
2,670
2,462
2,211
-251
-10.2
        CH007       Miscellaneous inorganic chemicals
1,822
1,776
1,868
1,693
1,457
-236
-14.0
        FP009        Wood pulp and recovered paper
2,285
2,347
2,396
2,095
1,866
-229
-10.9
        MM036A   Unrefined and refined copper
1,624
1,723
1,930
1,645
1,418
-227
-13.8
        MM003     Iron ores and concentrates
594
280
395
257
39
-218
-84.9
        CH025       Polyethylene resins in primary forms
3,370
3,834
4,312
3,892
3,682
-211
-5.4
        MT029      Nonautomotive insulated electrical wire and related products
2,877
2,908
3,164
2,986
2,781
-205
-6.9
        TX005        Apparel
4,677
4,661
4,749
4,580
4,393
-187
-4.1
        MT030      Miscellaneous machinery
3,598
3,576
3,935
3,825
3,644
-181
-4.7

Source: Compiled from official statistics of the U.S. Department of Commerce. These reflect all official revisions of previously published data up to June 2016 (accessed August 15, 2017).

Note: Import values are based on customs value; export values are based on free along ship value, U.S. port of export. Calculations based on unrounded data.

Table OPEC.1 OPEC: U.S. total exports, general imports, and merchandise trade balance, by major industry/commodity sectors, 2012–16

 
Million $
 
           
Absolute change,
Percent change,
Item 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2015-16 2015-16
U.S. total exports:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Agricultural products
9,293
9,867
9,649
7,697
7,792
96
1.2
    Forest products
1,199
1,254
1,333
1,207
1,062
-145
-12.0
    Chemicals and related products
7,837
7,870
7,361
6,674
5,528
-1,146
-17.2
    Energy-related products
7,839
9,831
9,814
6,482
4,647
-1,835
-28.3
    Textiles and apparel
746
774
804
739
619
-119
-16.2
    Footwear
81
69
85
78
66
-12
-15.0
    Minerals and metals
4,739
5,554
5,034
4,072
3,578
-494
-12.1
    Machinery
10,183
10,135
10,324
9,226
6,491
-2,735
-29.6
    Transportation equipment
33,216
32,707
31,468
29,975
28,392
-1,583
-5.3
    Electronic products
10,388
10,755
10,379
9,522
7,933
-1,590
-16.7
    Miscellaneous manufactures
2,839
3,551
3,066
2,756
3,427
671
24.3
    Special provisions
1,683
1,778
1,789
1,719
1,642
-76
-4.5
        Total
90,044
94,145
91,106
80,146
71,177
-8,968
-11.2
U.S. general imports:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Agricultural products
4,486
4,871
6,013
5,789
5,788
-1
(a)
    Forest products
686
733
865
846
780
-66
-7.8
    Chemicals and related products
5,147
5,112
4,863
4,376
3,979
-397
-9.1
    Energy-related products
174,807
146,368
124,220
57,981
50,082
-7,898
-13.6
    Textiles and apparel
5,573
5,601
5,417
5,562
5,329
-232
-4.2
    Footwear
941
1,155
1,235
1,426
1,463
37
2.6
    Minerals and metals
3,215
2,730
3,282
3,265
3,413
147
4.5
    Machinery
462
491
581
505
484
-20
-4.0
    Transportation equipment
432
521
467
512
590
78
15.2
    Electronic products
1,954
1,872
2,025
2,016
1,933
-84
-4.2
    Miscellaneous manufactures
1,584
1,722
1,716
1,906
1,777
-129
-6.8
    Special provisions
1,355
1,497
1,873
1,986
1,936
-50
-2.5
        Total
200,641
172,672
152,558
86,171
77,555
-8,616
-10.0
U.S. merchandise trade balance:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Agricultural products
4,808
4,996
3,636
1,907
2,004
97
5.1
    Forest products
513
521
467
361
282
-79
-22.0
    Chemicals and related products
2,690
2,758
2,499
2,298
1,549
-749
-32.6
    Energy-related products
-166,968
-136,537
-114,406
-51,499
-45,435
6,064
11.8
    Textiles and apparel
-4,827
-4,827
-4,613
-4,823
-4,710
113
2.3
    Footwear
-860
-1,086
-1,150
-1,349
-1,397
-48
-3.6
    Minerals and metals
1,525
2,825
1,752
807
166
-641
-79.5
    Machinery
9,721
9,644
9,743
8,721
6,007
-2,715
-31.1
    Transportation equipment
32,784
32,187
31,001
29,462
27,802
-1,660
-5.6
    Electronic products
8,433
8,883
8,354
7,506
6,000
-1,506
-20.1
    Miscellaneous manufactures
1,255
1,829
1,350
850
1,650
800
94.1
    Special provisions
329
281
-85
-267
-294
-27
-10.0
        Total
-110,597
-78,527
-61,452
-6,025
-6,378
-352
-5.8

Source: Compiled from official statistics of the U.S. Department of Commerce. These reflect all official revisions of previously published data up to June 2016 (accessed July 14, 2017).

Note: Import values are based on customs value; export values are based on free along ship value, U.S. port of export. Calculations based on unrounded data. Sectors are ordered by the level of processing of the products classified within each sector.

Less than 0.05 percent.

Table OPEC.2 OPEC: Leading changes in U.S. exports and imports, 2012–16

 
Million $
 
           
Absolute change,
Percent change,
USITC code and industry/commodity group 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2015-16 2015-16
U.S. total exports:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Increases:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
        TE013        Aircraft, spacecraft, and related equipment
12,864
13,542
13,564
14,274
16,680
2,405
16.9
        MS019      Arms, ammunition, and armored vehicles
1,461
1,888
1,520
1,222
2,101
879
72.0
        AG032       Oilseeds
1,202
1,226
1,183
965
1,188
223
23.1
        AG030       Cereals
2,590
2,379
2,210
1,568
1,759
191
12.2
        EL005        Navigational instruments and remote control apparatus
462
1,075
290
259
440
181
69.9
        MM020A   Unrefined and refined gold
871
1,544
834
681
828
147
21.6
        MM020     Precious metals and non-numismatic coins
901
1,580
888
720
840
120
16.6
        MM019     Natural and synthetic gemstones
525
539
499
599
679
80
13.4
        TE008        Rail locomotive and rolling stock
198
479
241
285
360
75
26.5
        AG049       Cotton, not carded or combed
224
333
353
320
376
56
17.5
        EL020        Optical goods, including ophthalmic goods
162
133
211
206
256
51
24.6
        MS019A    Small arms and ammunition
90
180
197
204
244
41
20.0
        MM009     Cement, stone, and related products
76
87
103
106
146
40
38.0
        AG043       Unmanufactured tobacco
65
84
88
70
90
20
28.0
        MM023     Iron and steel waste and scrap
265
246
440
127
147
20
15.4
        EL006        Radio and television broadcasting equipment
92
86
75
66
85
19
28.3
        EL015        Semiconductors and integrated circuits
138
139
111
86
103
18
20.6
        CH024       Explosives, propellant powders, and related items
76
63
46
46
64
17
37.7
        EL013        Parts of circuit apparatus
91
115
141
113
130
17
15.3
        MM040A   Unwrought zinc
1
1
2
2
17
16
948.2
        MM040     Zinc and related articles
7
7
7
6
22
16
248.5
        AG035       Sauces, condiments, and soups
105
114
127
135
150
15
11.3
        AG037       Cocoa, chocolate, and confectionery
90
103
113
116
130
14
12.0
        MM025A   Ingots, blooms, billets, and slabs of carbon and alloy steels
30
37
15
4
16
12
332.2
        TX005N     Headwear
16
11
12
21
33
12
54.3
        MS013      Toys and games
96
89
118
103
114