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Table NF.1 NAFTA: U.S. total exports, general imports, and merchandise trade balance, by major industry/commodity sectors, 2012–16

 
Million $
 
           
Absolute change,
Percent change,
Item 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2015-16 2015-16
U.S. total exports:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Agricultural products
44,903
45,436
47,459
44,430
44,299
-131
-0.3
    Forest products
16,431
16,755
16,627
16,058
15,433
-626
-3.9
    Chemicals and related products
72,536
74,251
77,038
72,323
69,372
-2,951
-4.1
    Energy-related products
43,821
49,344
58,153
40,620
36,828
-3,792
-9.3
    Textiles and apparel
10,223
10,781
11,264
11,205
10,476
-729
-6.5
    Footwear
516
580
617
635
604
-31
-4.9
    Minerals and metals
51,949
51,894
53,659
49,205
45,785
-3,420
-7.0
    Machinery
50,386
51,848
55,314
52,632
49,212
-3,420
-6.5
    Transportation equipment
112,307
116,595
119,453
116,492
112,799
-3,693
-3.2
    Electronic products
80,841
83,068
85,817
86,587
84,862
-1,725
-2.0
    Miscellaneous manufactures
12,125
12,085
12,922
11,933
11,457
-476
-4.0
    Special provisions
12,489
14,071
14,825
14,234
15,793
1,559
11.0
        Total
508,526
526,709
553,148
516,354
496,920
-19,434
-3.8
U.S. general imports:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Agricultural products
40,966
44,237
47,655
48,297
50,188
1,891
3.9
    Forest products
17,989
19,740
20,785
20,019
20,622
603
3.0
    Chemicals and related products
42,670
42,951
44,175
42,970
40,310
-2,660
-6.2
    Energy-related products
143,608
145,043
148,211
84,446
63,780
-20,665
-24.5
    Textiles and apparel
8,198
8,154
8,279
8,145
7,991
-155
-1.9
    Footwear
542
596
557
567
463
-104
-18.3
    Minerals and metals
54,429
51,949
52,829
47,878
46,892
-985
-2.1
    Machinery
38,702
39,949
42,756
43,015
42,085
-931
-2.2
    Transportation equipment
151,302
156,700
171,198
178,294
178,807
513
0.3
    Electronic products
75,149
74,289
74,174
81,413
82,490
1,077
1.3
    Miscellaneous manufactures
9,479
9,784
10,642
11,798
12,323
525
4.5
    Special provisions
18,823
19,669
23,757
25,723
26,268
545
2.1
        Total
601,857
613,060
645,017
592,564
572,218
-20,346
-3.4
U.S. merchandise trade balance:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Agricultural products
3,937
1,199
-196
-3,867
-5,889
-2,022
-52.3
    Forest products
-1,558
-2,985
-4,158
-3,961
-5,189
-1,228
-31.0
    Chemicals and related products
29,866
31,300
32,863
29,353
29,062
-291
-1.0
    Energy-related products
-99,788
-95,699
-90,057
-43,825
-26,952
16,873
38.5
    Textiles and apparel
2,025
2,628
2,985
3,060
2,485
-575
-18.8
    Footwear
-25
-16
60
68
141
73
107.3
    Minerals and metals
-2,479
-54
830
1,328
-1,107
-2,435
(a)
    Machinery
11,684
11,899
12,558
9,617
7,127
-2,489
-25.9
    Transportation equipment
-38,996
-40,105
-51,744
-61,802
-66,008
-4,205
-6.8
    Electronic products
5,692
8,779
11,643
5,175
2,372
-2,802
-54.2
    Miscellaneous manufactures
2,646
2,302
2,280
135
-866
-1,001
(a)
    Special provisions
-6,334
-5,598
-8,932
-11,489
-10,475
1,014
8.8
        Total
-93,331
-86,350
-91,869
-76,209
-75,298
911
1.2

Source: Compiled from official statistics of the U.S. Department of Commerce. These reflect all official revisions of previously published data up to June 2016 (accessed July 14, 2017).

Note: Import values are based on customs value; export values are based on free along ship value, U.S. port of export. Calculations based on unrounded data. Sectors are ordered by the level of processing of the products classified within each sector.

aNot meaningful for purposes of comparison.

Table NF.2 NAFTA: Leading changes in U.S. exports and imports, 2012–16

 
Million $
 
           
Absolute change,
Percent change,
USITC code and industry/commodity group 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2015-16 2015-16
U.S. total exports:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Increases:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
        TE002        Internal combustion piston engines, other than for aircraft
11,977
12,118
13,691
12,321
13,340
1,019
8.3
        TE009        Motor vehicles
30,274
31,961
32,743
30,388
31,322
934
3.1
        EP005        Petroleum products
32,555
34,109
34,784
25,099
25,710
611
2.4
        EL015        Semiconductors and integrated circuits
8,223
9,130
8,957
8,908
9,506
598
6.7
        MM020     Precious metals and non-numismatic coins
4,062
3,350
2,393
2,536
2,839
302
11.9
        TE007        Ignition, starting, lighting, and other electrical equipment
2,692
2,918
3,181
3,365
3,590
224
6.7
        AG045       Cigarettes
41
202
219
469
677
208
44.3
        EL016        Miscellaneous electrical equipment
1,328
1,409
1,589
1,675
1,883
208
12.4
        EL022        Medical goods
5,840
5,841
5,985
6,095
6,290
195
3.2
        AG030       Cereals
4,898
3,773
3,973
3,836
4,020
184
4.8
        TE006        Primary cells and batteries and electric storage batteries
1,715
2,042
2,073
1,990
2,171
181
9.1
        AG003       Swine and pork
1,471
1,484
1,844
1,479
1,614
135
9.1
        CH001       Major primary olefins
371
284
265
201
328
127
63.3
        MS019      Arms, ammunition, and armored vehicles
543
488
412
412
533
121
29.3
        AG036       Infant formulas, malt extracts, and other edible preparations
1,935
2,020
2,074
2,039
2,160
121
5.9
        MT018      Non-metalworking machine tools
261
280
290
278
385
107
38.3
        MM020A   Unrefined and refined gold
804
1,262
384
611
710
99
16.2
        EL007        Electric sound and visual signaling apparatus
717
760
801
797
891
95
11.9
        AG015C     Vegetable seeds
280
302
306
316
406
90
28.5
        AG032       Oilseeds
2,201
1,824
2,159
1,680
1,765
85
5.1
        EL019        Optical fibers, optical fiber bundles and cables
459
488
562
526
610
84
16.0
        AG015       Seeds
671
755
807
726
808
82
11.4
        AG006       Fresh or frozen fish
519
554
487
450
532
82
18.3
        MM036A   Unrefined and refined copper
93
53
211
273
348
74
27.2
        MM039     Lead and related articles
108
120
113
90
163
73
80.4
        AG037       Cocoa, chocolate, and confectionery
1,329
1,442
1,572
1,470
1,541
71
4.9
        MM015     Glass containers
252
229
236
238
307
70
29.3
        MT031      Molds and molding machinery
1,176
1,192
1,129
1,191
1,259
68
5.8
        MS017      Works of art and miscellaneous manufactured goods
494
467
542
551
614
63
11.4
        EL006        Radio and television broadcasting equipment
520
522
583
531
592
61
11.4
    Decreases:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
        EP004        Crude petroleum
2,634
5,073
11,543
8,104
4,631
-3,473
-42.9
        EL002        Telecommunications equipment
10,481
10,342
10,662
12,040
10,151
-1,889
-15.7
        TE004        Construction and mining equipment
9,994
8,943
8,320
6,794
5,109
-1,685
-24.8
        TE013        Aircraft, spacecraft, and related equipment
8,349
9,992
10,629
11,877
10,379
-1,498
-12.6
        TE010        Certain motor-vehicle parts
34,874
36,019
35,448
36,619
35,198
-1,420
-3.9
        MM025     Steel mill products
12,994
12,413
12,668
10,172
8,909
-1,263
-12.4
        MM004     Copper ores and concentrates
1,419
1,761
2,396
2,728
1,942
-786
-28.8
        MT021      Mechanical power transmission equipment
1,526
1,475
2,798
2,765
2,254
-511
-18.5
        EP006        Natural gas and components
6,460
8,202
9,772
5,822
5,357
-464
-8.0
        CH032       Tires and tubes
3,927
3,820
4,024
3,701
3,244
-457
-12.4
        MT023      Electric motors, generators, and related equipment
3,630
3,591
4,017
3,670
3,233
-438
-11.9
        TE008        Rail locomotive and rolling stock
1,998
1,840
2,412
2,632
2,218
-414
-15.7
        MM025L   Pipes and tubes of carbon and alloy steels
2,628
2,600
2,394
1,597
1,207
-390
-24.4
        TE001        Aircraft engines and gas turbines
1,528
1,248
1,628
2,086
1,704
-382
-18.3
        CH007       Miscellaneous inorganic chemicals
2,956
3,404
3,605
3,503
3,128
-376
-10.7
        MM025B   Plates, sheets, and strips of carbon and alloy steels
5,283
5,112
5,285
4,561
4,201
-360
-7.9
        CH019       Medicinal chemicals
6,515
6,105
6,747
6,497
6,141
-356
-5.5
        MM036     Copper and related articles
3,134
3,063
3,098
2,963
2,608
-355
-12.0
        CH006       Certain organic chemicals
6,204
6,084
6,058
5,080
4,750
-330
-6.5
        MM037     Unwrought aluminum
1,543
1,455
1,599
1,497
1,206
-290
-19.4
        EL003        Consumer electronics
6,086
5,817
5,922
6,074
5,796
-277
-4.6
        EP003        Coal, coke, and related chemical products
1,721
1,378
1,331
1,145
876
-269
-23.5
        MT009      Farm and garden machinery and equipment
5,775
6,143
5,526
4,995
4,730
-265
-5.3
        MT001      Pumps for liquids
3,045
2,834
3,037
2,516
2,255
-261
-10.4
        TX005        Apparel
2,851
3,092
3,284
3,278
3,026
-253
-7.7
        MM038     Aluminum mill products
3,603
3,835
3,975
4,002
3,758
-244
-6.1
        MT003      Industrial thermal-processing equipment and furnaces
1,502
1,565
1,632
1,635
1,399
-235
-14.4
        CH030       Other plastics in primary forms
4,967
5,160
5,455
5,375
5,142
-233
-4.3
        CH010       Fertilizers
1,591
1,512
1,466
1,477
1,247
-230
-15.6
        MT020      Taps, cocks, valves, and similar devices
4,176
4,340
4,732
4,560
4,331
-228
-5.0
U.S. general imports:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Increases:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
        TE009        Motor vehicles
82,936
85,721
91,838
95,487
97,719
2,232
2.3
        EL017        Computers, peripherals, and parts
17,116
15,907
15,462
18,651
19,776
1,125
6.0
        FP002        Lumber
3,335
4,340
4,954
4,567
5,683
1,117
24.5
        EL002        Telecommunications equipment
11,610
12,271
10,885
13,449
14,395
945
7.0
        AG018       Fresh, chilled, or frozen vegetables
5,531
6,274
6,377
6,578
7,461
883
13.4
        MM020     Precious metals and non-numismatic coins
15,584
14,031
11,280
10,094
10,975
880
8.7
        EL022        Medical goods
6,317
6,430
6,908
7,340
8,177
838
11.4
        MM020A   Unrefined and refined gold
7,979
6,851
6,044
5,290
5,978
688
13.0
        TE010        Certain motor-vehicle parts
36,812
38,617
43,185
46,170
46,637
467
1.0
        AG034       Pasta, cereals, and other bakery goods
3,293
3,412
3,518
3,812
4,194
382
10.0
        TE001        Aircraft engines and gas turbines
3,628
3,535
3,814
3,573
3,940
367
10.3
        FP004        Wood veneer and wood panels
1,565
2,001
1,893
1,989
2,337
348
17.5
        AG040       Malt beverages
2,015
2,109
2,620
2,873
3,213
340
11.8
        MS011      Lamps and lighting fittings
1,703
1,821
2,255
2,475
2,809
334
13.5
        MS009      Furniture
4,218
4,425
4,740
5,204
5,523
320
6.1
        TE002        Internal combustion piston engines, other than for aircraft
10,708
10,794
11,629
11,469
11,783
314
2.7
        AG021       Tropical fruit
1,164
1,456
1,764
2,050
2,351
301
14.7
        TE007        Ignition, starting, lighting, and other electrical equipment
2,638
2,847
3,112
3,382
3,650
268
7.9
        AG033       Animal or vegetable fats and oils
2,281
2,065
1,968
1,845
2,105
260
14.1
        EL012        Circuit apparatus assemblies
3,524
4,110
4,435
4,570
4,828
258
5.6
        AG024       Other fresh fruit
1,670
1,710
1,946
2,240
2,496
256
11.4
        AG037       Cocoa, chocolate, and confectionery
2,420
2,516
2,680
2,852
3,060
208
7.3
        AG006       Fresh or frozen fish
992
998
963
1,100
1,288
188
17.0
        EP002        Nuclear materials
225
617
479
605
792
187
31.0
        MM028     Metal construction components
1,043
1,099
1,114
1,384
1,565
180
13.0
        CH023       Miscellaneous chemicals and specialties
733
783
872
772
942
170
22.0
        EL020        Optical goods, including ophthalmic goods
1,013
981
889
955
1,117
162
16.9
        AG020       Edible nuts
421
391
537
622
778
155
24.9
        EL025        Measuring, testing, and controlling instruments
5,707
5,888
6,378
6,658
6,784
127
1.9
        MT002      Air-conditioning equipment and parts
4,456
5,069
6,015
5,805
5,932
127
2.2
    Decreases:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
        EP004        Crude petroleum
110,083
108,594
110,894
59,460
43,773
-15,686
-26.4
        EP005        Petroleum products
20,810
21,238
18,092
13,069
9,293
-3,776
-28.9
        TE013        Aircraft, spacecraft, and related equipment
6,634
7,488
9,136
9,521
7,186
-2,335
-24.5
        EL003        Consumer electronics
17,885
16,529
15,491
15,834
13,865
-1,970
-12.4
        EL003A      Television receivers and video monitors
15,688
13,755
12,233
12,504
10,610
-1,894
-15.1
        CH010       Fertilizers
5,534
5,112
4,111
4,392
3,157
-1,235
-28.1
        EP006        Natural gas and components
9,779
11,550
15,443
8,240
7,185
-1,056
-12.8
        MM025     Steel mill products
8,154
7,697
8,964
6,942
6,131
-811
-11.7
        MM025L   Pipes and tubes of carbon and alloy steels
2,402
2,183
2,582
1,989
1,398
-592
-29.7
        TE004        Construction and mining equipment
2,310
1,796
2,078
1,938
1,361
-577
-29.8
        AG002       Cattle and beef
3,196
3,240
4,541
4,497
3,953
-545
-12.1
        MM037A   Primary and secondary aluminum
4,467
4,514
4,805
4,669
4,243
-425
-9.1
        MM037     Unwrought aluminum
5,172
5,184
5,557
5,332
4,908
-424
-7.9
        EL008        Electrical capacitors and resistors
429
401
1,201
801
426
-375
-46.8
        MM036     Copper and related articles
3,729
3,723
4,037
3,374
3,011
-363
-10.8
        FP013        Printing and writing papers
2,088
2,160
2,071
1,814
1,464
-350
-19.3
        AG030       Cereals
1,590
1,998
1,721
1,310
996
-314
-24.0
        CH019       Medicinal chemicals
4,638
4,239
5,021
5,933
5,646
-287
-4.8
        CH006       Certain organic chemicals
1,858
1,999
2,180
1,813
1,537
-275
-15.2
        EL015        Semiconductors and integrated circuits
2,417
2,224
2,490
2,619
2,355
-265
-10.1
        MT020      Taps, cocks, valves, and similar devices
2,708
2,890
3,217
3,104
2,853
-251
-8.1
        EP001        Electrical energy
1,914
2,429
2,670
2,462
2,211
-251
-10.2
        CH007       Miscellaneous inorganic chemicals
1,822
1,776
1,868
1,693
1,457
-236
-14.0
        FP009        Wood pulp and recovered paper
2,285
2,347
2,396
2,095
1,866
-229
-10.9
        MM036A   Unrefined and refined copper
1,624
1,723
1,930
1,645
1,418
-227
-13.8
        MM003     Iron ores and concentrates
594
280
395
257
39
-218
-84.9
        CH025       Polyethylene resins in primary forms
3,370
3,834
4,312
3,892
3,682
-211
-5.4
        MT029      Nonautomotive insulated electrical wire and related products
2,877
2,908
3,164
2,986
2,781
-205
-6.9
        TX005        Apparel
4,677
4,661
4,749
4,580
4,393
-187
-4.1
        MT030      Miscellaneous machinery
3,598
3,576
3,935
3,825
3,644
-181
-4.7

Source: Compiled from official statistics of the U.S. Department of Commerce. These reflect all official revisions of previously published data up to June 2016 (accessed August 15, 2017).

Note: Import values are based on customs value; export values are based on free along ship value, U.S. port of export. Calculations based on unrounded data.