You are here

Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)

Change from 2015 to 2016:

  To view changing data, hover over or touch the animated graphic below.

Table OPEC.1 OPEC: U.S. total exports, general imports, and merchandise trade balance, by major industry/commodity sectors, 2012–16

 
Million $
 
           
Absolute change,
Percent change,
Item 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2015-16 2015-16
U.S. total exports:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Agricultural products
9,293
9,867
9,649
7,697
7,792
96
1.2
    Forest products
1,199
1,254
1,333
1,207
1,062
-145
-12.0
    Chemicals and related products
7,837
7,870
7,361
6,674
5,528
-1,146
-17.2
    Energy-related products
7,839
9,831
9,814
6,482
4,647
-1,835
-28.3
    Textiles and apparel
746
774
804
739
619
-119
-16.2
    Footwear
81
69
85
78
66
-12
-15.0
    Minerals and metals
4,739
5,554
5,034
4,072
3,578
-494
-12.1
    Machinery
10,183
10,135
10,324
9,226
6,491
-2,735
-29.6
    Transportation equipment
33,216
32,707
31,468
29,975
28,392
-1,583
-5.3
    Electronic products
10,388
10,755
10,379
9,522
7,933
-1,590
-16.7
    Miscellaneous manufactures
2,839
3,551
3,066
2,756
3,427
671
24.3
    Special provisions
1,683
1,778
1,789
1,719
1,642
-76
-4.5
        Total
90,044
94,145
91,106
80,146
71,177
-8,968
-11.2
U.S. general imports:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Agricultural products
4,486
4,871
6,013
5,789
5,788
-1
(a)
    Forest products
686
733
865
846
780
-66
-7.8
    Chemicals and related products
5,147
5,112
4,863
4,376
3,979
-397
-9.1
    Energy-related products
174,807
146,368
124,220
57,981
50,082
-7,898
-13.6
    Textiles and apparel
5,573
5,601
5,417
5,562
5,329
-232
-4.2
    Footwear
941
1,155
1,235
1,426
1,463
37
2.6
    Minerals and metals
3,215
2,730
3,282
3,265
3,413
147
4.5
    Machinery
462
491
581
505
484
-20
-4.0
    Transportation equipment
432
521
467
512
590
78
15.2
    Electronic products
1,954
1,872
2,025
2,016
1,933
-84
-4.2
    Miscellaneous manufactures
1,584
1,722
1,716
1,906
1,777
-129
-6.8
    Special provisions
1,355
1,497
1,873
1,986
1,936
-50
-2.5
        Total
200,641
172,672
152,558
86,171
77,555
-8,616
-10.0
U.S. merchandise trade balance:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Agricultural products
4,808
4,996
3,636
1,907
2,004
97
5.1
    Forest products
513
521
467
361
282
-79
-22.0
    Chemicals and related products
2,690
2,758
2,499
2,298
1,549
-749
-32.6
    Energy-related products
-166,968
-136,537
-114,406
-51,499
-45,435
6,064
11.8
    Textiles and apparel
-4,827
-4,827
-4,613
-4,823
-4,710
113
2.3
    Footwear
-860
-1,086
-1,150
-1,349
-1,397
-48
-3.6
    Minerals and metals
1,525
2,825
1,752
807
166
-641
-79.5
    Machinery
9,721
9,644
9,743
8,721
6,007
-2,715
-31.1
    Transportation equipment
32,784
32,187
31,001
29,462
27,802
-1,660
-5.6
    Electronic products
8,433
8,883
8,354
7,506
6,000
-1,506
-20.1
    Miscellaneous manufactures
1,255
1,829
1,350
850
1,650
800
94.1
    Special provisions
329
281
-85
-267
-294
-27
-10.0
        Total
-110,597
-78,527
-61,452
-6,025
-6,378
-352
-5.8

Source: Compiled from official statistics of the U.S. Department of Commerce. These reflect all official revisions of previously published data up to June 2016 (accessed July 14, 2017).

Note: Import values are based on customs value; export values are based on free along ship value, U.S. port of export. Calculations based on unrounded data. Sectors are ordered by the level of processing of the products classified within each sector.

aLess than 0.05 percent.

Table OPEC.2 OPEC: Leading changes in U.S. exports and imports, 2012–16

 
Million $
 
           
Absolute change,
Percent change,
USITC code and industry/commodity group 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2015-16 2015-16
U.S. total exports:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Increases:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
        TE013        Aircraft, spacecraft, and related equipment
12,864
13,542
13,564
14,274
16,680
2,405
16.9
        MS019      Arms, ammunition, and armored vehicles
1,461
1,888
1,520
1,222
2,101
879
72.0
        AG032       Oilseeds
1,202
1,226
1,183
965
1,188
223
23.1
        AG030       Cereals
2,590
2,379
2,210
1,568
1,759
191
12.2
        EL005        Navigational instruments and remote control apparatus
462
1,075
290
259
440
181
69.9
        MM020A   Unrefined and refined gold
871
1,544
834
681
828
147
21.6
        MM020     Precious metals and non-numismatic coins
901
1,580
888
720
840
120
16.6
        MM019     Natural and synthetic gemstones
525
539
499
599
679
80
13.4
        TE008        Rail locomotive and rolling stock
198
479
241
285
360
75
26.5
        AG049       Cotton, not carded or combed
224
333
353
320
376
56
17.5
        EL020        Optical goods, including ophthalmic goods
162
133
211
206
256
51
24.6
        MS019A    Small arms and ammunition
90
180
197
204
244
41
20.0
        MM009     Cement, stone, and related products
76
87
103
106
146
40
38.0
        AG043       Unmanufactured tobacco
65
84
88
70
90
20
28.0
        MM023     Iron and steel waste and scrap
265
246
440
127
147
20
15.4
        EL006        Radio and television broadcasting equipment
92
86
75
66
85
19
28.3
        EL015        Semiconductors and integrated circuits
138
139
111
86
103
18
20.6
        CH024       Explosives, propellant powders, and related items
76
63
46
46
64
17
37.7
        EL013        Parts of circuit apparatus
91
115
141
113
130
17
15.3
        MM040A   Unwrought zinc
1
1
2
2
17
16
948.2
        MM040     Zinc and related articles
7
7
7
6
22
16
248.5
        AG035       Sauces, condiments, and soups
105
114
127
135
150
15
11.3
        AG037       Cocoa, chocolate, and confectionery
90
103
113
116
130
14
12.0
        MM025A   Ingots, blooms, billets, and slabs of carbon and alloy steels
30
37
15
4
16
12
332.2
        TX005N     Headwear
16
11
12
21
33
12
54.3
        MS013      Toys and games
96
89
118
103
114
11
10.7
        MM038C   Aluminum plate, sheet, and strip
302
326
214
51
62
11
21.5
        EL009        Printed circuits
6
11
12
7
18
11
162.8
        AG038       Fruit and vegetable juices
17
20
25
25
35
10
41.6
        MT016      Machine tool accessories
13
14
18
15
24
10
67.2
    Decreases:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
        TE009        Motor vehicles
12,226
11,853
10,001
9,246
6,968
-2,277
-24.6
        EP005        Petroleum products
7,424
9,269
9,420
6,106
4,296
-1,810
-29.6
        TE004        Construction and mining equipment
2,905
2,420
2,471
1,744
925
-819
-46.9
        EL002        Telecommunications equipment
2,353
2,550
2,986
2,934
2,249
-685
-23.3
        MT001      Pumps for liquids
757
944
935
952
585
-366
-38.5
        MT030      Miscellaneous machinery
1,149
1,333
1,299
1,233
867
-366
-29.7
        TE001        Aircraft engines and gas turbines
1,706
1,578
2,251
1,865
1,505
-359
-19.3
        EL017        Computers, peripherals, and parts
2,061
1,865
1,958
1,495
1,156
-339
-22.7
        CH006       Certain organic chemicals
1,510
1,695
1,212
968
634
-334
-34.5
        MT002      Air-conditioning equipment and parts
1,127
1,194
1,026
1,044
723
-321
-30.8
        MT023      Electric motors, generators, and related equipment
1,810
1,220
1,411
972
686
-286
-29.4
        MM025     Steel mill products
691
663
711
545
284
-261
-47.8
        EL022        Medical goods
1,046
1,032
1,077
981
726
-256
-26.0
        EL025        Measuring, testing, and controlling instruments
1,665
1,663
1,552
1,317
1,083
-234
-17.8
        MT004      Household appliances, including commercial applications
726
824
759
752
521
-231
-30.7
        MT020      Taps, cocks, valves, and similar devices
809
978
975
951
732
-219
-23.0
        MM025L   Pipes and tubes of carbon and alloy steels
446
468
577
385
187
-199
-51.5
        MT022      Boilers, turbines, and related machinery
285
279
268
468
276
-192
-41.1
        TE002        Internal combustion piston engines, other than for aircraft
764
632
585
553
362
-191
-34.6
        TE010        Certain motor-vehicle parts
1,321
1,024
910
818
660
-157
-19.2
        MT005      Centrifuges and filtering and purifying equipment
540
649
725
553
401
-152
-27.5
        MT003      Industrial thermal-processing equipment and furnaces
579
449
639
376
235
-141
-37.4
        MM031     Miscellaneous products of base metal
359
374
451
401
261
-140
-34.9
        CH033       Miscellaneous plastic products
547
590
606
556
432
-124
-22.3
        AG020       Edible nuts
389
538
546
623
499
-124
-19.9
        EL012        Circuit apparatus assemblies
288
401
455
428
312
-116
-27.1
        CH019       Medicinal chemicals
1,012
975
923
960
845
-116
-12.0
        CH030       Other plastics in primary forms
416
506
514
416
316
-100
-23.9
        MT009      Farm and garden machinery and equipment
435
365
333
262
175
-88
-33.4
        AG010       Dairy products
440
770
663
377
296
-81
-21.5
U.S. general imports:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Increases:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
        MM037A   Primary and secondary aluminum
994
813
979
1,139
1,516
377
33.2
        MM037     Unwrought aluminum
1,045
834
1,003
1,155
1,526
371
32.1
        MM019     Natural and synthetic gemstones
304
149
90
198
521
323
163.4
        AG033       Animal or vegetable fats and oils
197
460
673
681
941
260
38.2
        CH023       Miscellaneous chemicals and specialties
112
339
295
289
424
136
47.0
        CH032       Tires and tubes
487
519
489
679
794
115
16.9
        TX003        Carpets and rugs
20
18
15
12
71
60
517.3
        MM041     Certain base metals and chemical elements
100
115
178
73
130
56
76.6
        EL006        Radio and television broadcasting equipment
195
275
293
307
358
51
16.7
        CH026       Polypropylene resins in primary forms
4
1
1
5
55
50
910.8
        MM028     Metal construction components
2
6
11
22
67
45
203.6
        FW001      Footwear
941
1,155
1,235
1,426
1,463
37
2.6
        AG021       Tropical fruit
449
450
440
486
523
36
7.5
        TE013        Aircraft, spacecraft, and related equipment
3
3
8
15
49
34
222.8
        MS017      Works of art and miscellaneous manufactured goods
248
269
259
312
344
32
10.2
        CH029       Saturated polyester resins
35
35
35
32
63
31
95.0
        AG016       Cut flowers
166
174
184
210
239
29
13.7
        TE001        Aircraft engines and gas turbines
4
3
6
5
33
28
518.4
        FP011B     Tissue and tissue products
97
93
113
114
142
28
24.6
        TE010        Certain motor-vehicle parts
230
207
228
236
262
26
11.1
        FP011        Industrial papers and paperboards
139
135
148
141
165
24
17.0
        TX005H     Women's and girls' dresses
326
304
295
328
351
24
7.2
        TE006        Primary cells and batteries and electric storage batteries
64
72
72
88
107
19
22.2
        MM014     Flat glass
9
10
11
9
28
19
203.9
        EL003        Consumer electronics
483
431
488
448
464
16
3.6
        MT009      Farm and garden machinery and equipment
(a)
1
10
32
46
14
44.1
        AG008       Cured and other fish
38
14
15
11
24
12
108.3
        MT003      Industrial thermal-processing equipment and furnaces
10
6
17
20
31
11
57.3
        CH033       Miscellaneous plastic products
195
168
169
150
161
11
7.1
        MM009     Cement, stone, and related products
25
39
32
26
36
11
41.7
    Decreases:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
        EP004        Crude petroleum
163,710
135,421
112,771
51,383
45,309
-6,074
-11.8
        EP005        Petroleum products
10,555
10,644
11,039
6,422
4,637
-1,785
-27.8
        MM020     Precious metals and non-numismatic coins
493
627
1,065
728
337
-391
-53.7
        MM020A   Unrefined and refined gold
387
537
1,014
630
267
-363
-57.6
        CH010       Fertilizers
1,088
1,200
1,422
1,265
935
-330
-26.1
        TX005        Apparel
5,177
5,207
5,057
5,194
4,941
-253
-4.9
        AG037       Cocoa, chocolate, and confectionery
357
409
588
625
461
-165
-26.3
        CH006       Certain organic chemicals
813
853
709
505
341
-165
-32.6
        CH036       Natural rubber
2,091
1,664
1,267
976
814
-162
-16.6
        TX005E      Shirts and blouses
2,362
2,329
2,179
2,194
2,060
-134
-6.1
        EL017        Computers, peripherals, and parts
500
388
378
456
338
-118
-25.9
        MM025     Steel mill products
262
187
196
253
139
-114
-45.0
        MM025L   Pipes and tubes of carbon and alloy steels
228
161
141
152
48
-104
-68.2
        MM038     Aluminum mill products
224
172
160
208
115
-93
-44.8
        MM038C   Aluminum plate, sheet, and strip
208
156
126
164
72
-92
-56.0
        MS009      Furniture
606
675
685
724
664
-60
-8.3
        AG006       Fresh or frozen fish
483
401
381
409
350
-60
-14.6
        MS013      Toys and games
196
236
253
251
194
-57
-22.7
        FP013        Printing and writing papers
112
119
177
111
55
-56
-50.3
        AG009       Shellfish
1,514
1,825
2,563
2,055
1,999
-56
-2.7
        TX005G     Women's and girls' suits, skirts, and coats
349
311
324
324
285
-39
-12.1
        MM007     Certain ores, concentrates, ash, and residues
70
95
63
72
33
-39
-54.0
        EP006        Natural gas and components
337
116
209
89
53
-36
-40.2
        EL020        Optical goods, including ophthalmic goods
123
121
164
150
117
-33
-21.7
        MS006      Precious jewelry and related articles
144
142
117
198
166
-32
-16.1
        AG028       Coffee and tea
422
316
359
367
335
-32
-8.6
        TX005D     Women's and girls' trousers
619
719
728
733
701
-31
-4.3
        AG029       Spices
247
221
175
259
229
-30
-11.6
        CH003       Primary aromatics
40
43
35
37
9
-28
-75.5
        TX005K      Body-supporting garments
194
197
170
205
178
-27
-13.2

Source: Compiled from official statistics of the U.S. Department of Commerce. These reflect all official revisions of previously published data up to June 2016 (accessed August 15, 2017).

Note: Import values are based on customs value; export values are based on free along ship value, U.S. port of export. Calculations based on unrounded data.     

aLess than $500,000.