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Table CA.1 Canada: U.S. total exports, general imports, and merchandise trade balance, by major industry/commodity sectors, 2012–16

 
Million $
 
           
Absolute change,
Percent change,
Item 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2015-16 2015-16
U.S. total exports:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Agricultural products
25,429
26,568
27,373
26,133
25,779
-354
-1.4
    Forest products
10,902
11,008
10,788
10,200
9,676
-524
-5.1
    Chemicals and related products
40,210
40,537
41,283
38,209
36,376
-1,833
-4.8
    Energy-related products
19,692
25,837
34,040
22,119
16,213
-5,905
-26.7
    Textiles and apparel
5,251
5,423
5,531
5,208
5,033
-175
-3.4
    Footwear
419
459
497
501
507
7
1.3
    Minerals and metals
32,350
31,002
30,597
26,455
24,791
-1,664
-6.3
    Machinery
30,710
30,651
32,107
29,160
26,079
-3,081
-10.6
    Transportation equipment
76,651
77,507
78,094
74,233
72,846
-1,388
-1.9
    Electronic products
35,799
35,152
35,172
32,438
31,214
-1,224
-3.8
    Miscellaneous manufactures
9,362
9,432
9,903
8,853
8,415
-438
-4.9
    Special provisions
5,874
7,179
7,431
7,100
9,031
1,931
27.2
        Total
292,651
300,755
312,817
280,609
265,961
-14,648
-5.2
U.S. general imports:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Agricultural products
23,214
24,941
26,437
25,290
25,292
2
(a)
    Forest products
16,464
18,088
18,968
18,068
18,711
643
3.6
    Chemicals and related products
33,540
33,299
33,518
32,211
29,694
-2,517
-7.8
    Energy-related products
103,792
110,230
117,928
70,772
55,053
-15,719
-22.2
    Textiles and apparel
2,414
2,323
2,303
2,243
2,184
-59
-2.6
    Footwear
49
47
59
73
50
-23
-31.7
    Minerals and metals
32,431
32,671
33,324
29,770
28,785
-985
-3.3
    Machinery
13,374
13,592
13,694
12,914
12,161
-753
-5.8
    Transportation equipment
73,441
71,548
74,538
73,888
73,607
-281
-0.4
    Electronic products
9,521
9,101
9,114
8,935
8,924
-11
-0.1
    Miscellaneous manufactures
4,474
4,402
4,528
5,251
5,538
287
5.5
    Special provisions
11,548
12,262
14,866
16,741
18,068
1,327
7.9
        Total
324,263
332,504
349,278
296,156
278,067
-18,089
-6.1
U.S. merchandise trade balance:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Agricultural products
2,215
1,627
935
843
487
-356
-42.2
    Forest products
-5,562
-7,081
-8,180
-7,868
-9,036
-1,167
-14.8
    Chemicals and related products
6,670
7,238
7,765
5,999
6,683
684
11.4
    Energy-related products
-84,100
-84,393
-83,888
-48,653
-38,840
9,813
20.2
    Textiles and apparel
2,838
3,099
3,229
2,965
2,849
-116
-3.9
    Footwear
370
413
439
428
458
30
6.9
    Minerals and metals
-81
-1,669
-2,726
-3,314
-3,994
-679
-20.5
    Machinery
17,337
17,060
18,412
16,246
13,917
-2,329
-14.3
    Transportation equipment
3,211
5,958
3,556
345
-761
-1,106
(b)
    Electronic products
26,278
26,051
26,058
23,503
22,291
-1,212
-5.2
    Miscellaneous manufactures
4,888
5,030
5,376
3,602
2,877
-725
-20.1
    Special provisions
-5,674
-5,083
-7,435
-9,641
-9,037
605
6.3
        Total
-31,612
-31,749
-36,461
-15,547
-12,106
3,440
22.1

Source: Compiled from official statistics of the U.S. Department of Commerce. These reflect all official revisions of previously published data up to June 2016 (accessed March 27, 2017).

Note: Import values are based on customs value; export values are based on free along ship value, U.S. port of export. Sectors are ordered by the level of processing of the products classified within each sector.

a Less than 0.05 percent.
b Not meaningful for purposes of comparison.

Table CA.2 Canada: Leading changes in U.S. exports and imports, 2012–16

 
Million $
 
           
Absolute change,
Percent change,
USITC code and industry/commodity group 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2015-16 2015-16
U.S. total exports:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Increases:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
        TE002        Internal combustion piston engines, other than for aircraft
7,154
6,573
6,426
6,235
6,821
586
9.4
        TE010        Certain motor-vehicle parts
19,221
19,361
18,799
18,086
18,568
482
2.7
        MM020     Precious metals and non-numismatic coins
3,563
3,063
2,139
2,259
2,617
358
15.9
        TE009        Motor vehicles
25,978
27,195
27,972
26,336
26,659
323
1.2
        AG045       Cigarettes
(a)
169
200
451
667
216
47.9
        MM020A   Unrefined and refined gold
743
1,214
358
487
627
140
28.8
        TE007        Ignition, starting, lighting, and other electrical equipment
1,498
1,509
1,614
1,664
1,771
107
6.4
        EL006        Radio and television broadcasting equipment
288
254
248
237
324
87
36.8
        AG010       Dairy products
394
479
500
458
537
78
17.1
        AG036       Infant formulas, malt extracts, and other edible preparations
1,456
1,521
1,498
1,477
1,552
75
5.1
        AG006       Fresh or frozen fish
506
541
476
435
501
66
15.2
        EL016        Miscellaneous electrical equipment
525
542
683
702
751
49
7.0
        AG037       Cocoa, chocolate, and confectionery
1,014
1,067
1,217
1,143
1,191
48
4.2
        MM005     Lead ores, concentrates, and residues
54
131
141
145
193
48
33.2
        MM005A   Lead ores and concentrates
54
131
141
145
193
48
33.2
        EL009        Printed circuits
178
113
118
101
145
44
44.3
        EL019        Optical fibers, optical fiber bundles and cables
266
274
285
256
297
41
16.0
        MS019      Arms, ammunition, and armored vehicles
473
450
370
363
402
39
10.7
        CH021       Perfumes, cosmetics, and toiletries
2,068
2,183
2,194
2,265
2,303
38
1.7
        AG032       Oilseeds
276
226
277
205
241
35
17.3
        MM006     Zinc ores, concentrates, and residues
202
268
329
330
356
27
8.1
        AG012       Sugar and other sweeteners
246
243
231
227
253
26
11.5
        MM006A   Zinc ores and concentrates
200
268
329
330
355
26
7.8
        EL003A      Television receivers and video monitors
1,266
1,105
942
635
659
24
3.8
        MS017      Works of art and miscellaneous manufactured goods
347
353
377
382
404
22
5.7
        CH001       Major primary olefins
209
193
199
133
153
20
15.2
        MT025      Portable electric handtools
243
263
278
273
293
20
7.3
        AG017       Miscellaneous vegetable substances
177
143
157
132
152
20
14.8
        FP015        Miscellaneous paper products
1,055
1,024
1,015
970
989
19
2.0
        EL007        Electric sound and visual signaling apparatus
367
348
343
335
354
19
5.7
    Decreases:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
        EP004        Crude petroleum
2,634
5,073
11,543
8,104
4,631
-3,473
-42.9
        EP005        Petroleum products
11,924
14,670
15,565
10,099
8,819
-1,280
-12.7
        TE004        Construction and mining equipment
7,324
6,107
5,872
4,812
3,819
-993
-20.6
        TE013        Aircraft, spacecraft, and related equipment
5,791
6,692
7,624
8,290
7,356
-934
-11.3
        EP006        Natural gas and components
3,684
4,856
5,459
2,791
1,914
-877
-31.4
        MM025     Steel mill products
8,337
7,795
7,650
5,673
5,005
-668
-11.8
        MT021      Mechanical power transmission equipment
938
838
2,087
2,014
1,449
-565
-28.1
        MT023      Electric motors, generators, and related equipment
1,874
1,892
2,048
1,636
1,242
-394
-24.1
        EL002        Telecommunications equipment
4,222
4,106
4,856
4,963
4,606
-357
-7.2
        MT009      Farm and garden machinery and equipment
4,418
4,766
4,063
3,432
3,116
-316
-9.2
        CH007       Miscellaneous inorganic chemicals
1,769
1,882
1,810
1,699
1,388
-311
-18.3
        MT020      Taps, cocks, valves, and similar devices
2,567
2,539
2,629
2,422
2,157
-265
-10.9
        TE012        Trailers, semi-trailers, and parts
2,775
2,957
2,780
2,210
1,966
-244
-11.0
        CH019       Medicinal chemicals
4,760
4,497
4,987
4,812
4,571
-242
-5.0
        MM031     Miscellaneous products of base metal
3,328
3,290
3,387
3,062
2,832
-230
-7.5
        MM025L   Pipes and tubes of carbon and alloy steels
1,979
1,907
1,616
1,043
814
-229
-21.9
        EL017        Computers, peripherals, and parts
8,039
8,177
8,220
7,508
7,286
-223
-3.0
        MT003      Industrial thermal-processing equipment and furnaces
1,031
1,076
1,100
1,080
869
-212
-19.6
        EP003        Coal, coke, and related chemical products
1,070
719
817
799
602
-197
-24.7
        MT030      Miscellaneous machinery
2,425
2,354
2,461
2,247
2,060
-187
-8.3
        MM036     Copper and related articles
1,246
1,124
1,239
1,081
894
-187
-17.3
        EL025        Measuring, testing, and controlling instruments
4,783
4,549
4,323
3,775
3,589
-186
-4.9
        CH032       Tires and tubes
2,413
2,252
2,189
2,020
1,835
-185
-9.2
        MT001      Pumps for liquids
2,194
1,953
2,127
1,652
1,474
-178
-10.7
        CH010       Fertilizers
1,094
1,139
1,125
1,130
953
-177
-15.7
        AG034       Pasta, cereals, and other bakery goods
2,060
2,155
2,241
2,276
2,101
-175
-7.7
        TE001        Aircraft engines and gas turbines
481
451
588
858
691
-167
-19.4
        TE011        Powersport vehicles
956
1,019
998
899
738
-161
-17.9
        MT029      Nonautomotive insulated electrical wire and related products
1,710
1,619
1,571
1,324
1,168
-156
-11.8
        FP016        Printed matter
2,612
2,535
2,336
2,108
1,959
-149
-7.1
U.S. general imports:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Increases:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
        TE009        Motor vehicles
47,240
45,228
45,096
44,772
47,710
2,938
6.6
        FP002        Lumber
3,330
4,334
4,951
4,559
5,678
1,118
24.5
        MM020     Precious metals and non-numismatic coins
6,272
7,252
5,899
5,364
5,871
507
9.4
        MM020A   Unrefined and refined gold
2,553
3,183
3,266
2,618
3,057
439
16.8
        TE001        Aircraft engines and gas turbines
2,534
2,494
2,801
2,584
2,932
348
13.5
        FP004        Wood veneer and wood panels
1,555
1,989
1,880
1,973
2,317
344
17.4
        MS009      Furniture
2,498
2,498
2,631
2,806
3,112
306
10.9
        AG033       Animal or vegetable fats and oils
2,161
1,943
1,843
1,722
1,965
242
14.1
        EP002        Nuclear materials
225
617
479
605
792
187
31.0
        AG006       Fresh or frozen fish
867
853
800
917
1,103
186
20.3
        AG034       Pasta, cereals, and other bakery goods
2,361
2,457
2,575
2,739
2,906
167
6.1
        CH023       Miscellaneous chemicals and specialties
577
609
674
564
722
158
28.0
        MM028     Metal construction components
640
738
789
906
1,059
153
16.9
        EL022        Medical goods
571
598
619
699
842
143
20.4
        AG037       Cocoa, chocolate, and confectionery
1,462
1,541
1,687
1,814
1,945
131
7.2
        AG018       Fresh, chilled, or frozen vegetables
1,122
1,317
1,314
1,322
1,418
96
7.3
        FP003        Moldings, millwork, and joinery
615
727
812
881
974
93
10.6
        MM027     Fabricated structurals
291
166
204
356
443
86
24.2
        MS011      Lamps and lighting fittings
393
385
417
510
592
82
16.2
        MM004     Copper ores and concentrates
70
66
88
74
145
71
95.9
        AG019       Prepared or preserved vegetables, mushrooms, and olives
909
990
1,005
969
1,037
67
6.9
        AG039       Nonalcoholic beverages, excluding fruit and vegetable juices
168
138
96
89
147
58
64.4
        CH021       Perfumes, cosmetics, and toiletries
1,094
1,172
1,164
1,159
1,215
56
4.8
        MM040A   Unwrought zinc
947
974
1,016
1,028
1,083
54
5.3
        MM009     Cement, stone, and related products
1,191
1,218
1,277
1,362
1,413
51
3.7
        EL012        Circuit apparatus assemblies
556
562
610
606
652
46
7.6
        MT019      Semiconductor manufacturing equipment and robotics
523
485
492
533
576
43
8.2
        AG028       Coffee and tea
519
497
490
532
575
43
8.2
        MT019A    Semiconductor manufacturing equipment
440
397
436
437
480
42
9.7
        MM040     Zinc and related articles
1,029
1,030
1,084
1,081
1,121
40
3.7
    Decreases:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
        EP004        Crude petroleum
72,866
76,654
83,155
46,972
36,190
-10,782
-23.0
        EP005        Petroleum products
18,239
18,398
15,595
11,908
8,168
-3,740
-31.4
        TE013        Aircraft, spacecraft, and related equipment
5,848
6,645
7,963
8,378
6,087
-2,291
-27.3
        CH010       Fertilizers
5,357
4,981
3,984
4,324
3,109
-1,215
-28.1
        EP006        Natural gas and components
9,768
11,536
15,412
8,227
7,171
-1,056
-12.8
        MM025     Steel mill products
5,681
5,148
5,755
4,772
4,102
-670
-14.0
        TE010        Certain motor-vehicle parts
9,965
10,243
10,980
10,696
10,095
-601
-5.6
        MM025L   Pipes and tubes of carbon and alloy steels
1,567
1,389
1,414
1,155
681
-474
-41.0
        MM037     Unwrought aluminum
4,755
4,976
5,327
5,147
4,722
-425
-8.3
        MM037A   Primary and secondary aluminum
4,223
4,470
4,744
4,624
4,225
-399
-8.6
        FP013        Printing and writing papers
2,084
2,155
2,067
1,808
1,460
-349
-19.3
        AG030       Cereals
1,559
1,984
1,698
1,290
979
-311
-24.1
        CH019       Medicinal chemicals
4,277
3,921
4,673
5,574
5,269
-306
-5.5
        TE004        Construction and mining equipment
1,237
970
1,087
1,025
722
-303
-29.6
        AG002       Cattle and beef
1,954
2,171
2,999
2,580
2,321
-259
-10.0
        CH006       Certain organic chemicals
1,561
1,658
1,787
1,509
1,253
-256
-17.0
        MM036     Copper and related articles
2,474
2,766
2,937
2,309
2,054
-256
-11.1
        EP001        Electrical energy
1,914
2,429
2,670
2,462
2,211
-251
-10.2
        FP009        Wood pulp and recovered paper
2,276
2,334
2,381
2,086
1,858
-228
-10.9
        MM003     Iron ores and concentrates
588
280
395
257
39
-218
-84.9
        CH025       Polyethylene resins in primary forms
3,343
3,801
4,267
3,852
3,636
-217
-5.6
        MM036A   Unrefined and refined copper
925
1,274
1,359
1,112
929
-183
-16.5
        MT020      Taps, cocks, valves, and similar devices
752
765
841
726
547
-178
-24.6
        MT030      Miscellaneous machinery
1,913
1,879
2,015
1,826
1,653
-172
-9.4
        CH001       Major primary olefins
1,227
1,189
903
610
443
-168
-27.5
        MT009      Farm and garden machinery and equipment
1,310
1,514
1,478
1,211
1,047
-164
-13.5
        CH007       Miscellaneous inorganic chemicals
1,495
1,419
1,383
1,307
1,151
-155
-11.9
        AG013       Animal feeds
1,545
1,805
1,938
1,736
1,593
-143
-8.2
        FP011        Industrial papers and paperboards
2,427
2,561
2,740
2,725
2,583
-141
-5.2
        AG032       Oilseeds
596
756
874
563
422
-141
-25.1

Source: Compiled from official statistics of the U.S. Department of Commerce. These reflect all official revisions of previously published data up to June 2016 (accessed March 27, 2017).

Note: Import values are based on customs value; export values are based on free along ship value, U.S. port of export. Calculations based on unrounded data.

a Less than $500,000.