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Table CN.1: U.S. total exports, general imports, and merchandise trade balance, by major industry/commodity sectors, 2012โ€“16

 
Million $
 
           
Absolute change,
Percent change,
Item 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2015-16 2015-16
U.S. total exports:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Agricultural products
27,200
26,835
25,735
21,687
22,923
1,237
5.7
    Forest products
6,376
6,900
7,020
6,431
6,904
473
7.4
    Chemicals and related products
14,433
14,556
14,727
14,360
14,437
77
0.5
    Energy-related products
2,705
3,150
2,048
2,628
3,062
433
16.5
    Textiles and apparel
1,280
1,387
1,274
1,010
892
-118
-11.7
    Footwear
54
51
56
81
90
9
10.5
    Minerals and metals
12,456
12,198
10,931
8,002
7,347
-654
-8.2
    Machinery
8,967
9,560
10,104
10,024
9,621
-403
-4.0
    Transportation equipment
18,508
26,069
29,994
28,767
27,643
-1,124
-3.9
    Electronic products
16,893
19,305
19,882
21,171
20,958
-214
-1.0
    Miscellaneous manufactures
807
777
858
956
875
-80
-8.4
    Special provisions
837
957
992
955
1,023
68
7.1
        Total
110,517
121,746
123,621
116,072
115,775
-297
-0.3
U.S. general imports:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Agricultural products
7,063
6,989
7,008
6,801
6,724
-77
-1.1
    Forest products
8,029
8,274
8,875
9,512
9,568
57
0.6
    Chemicals and related products
28,022
29,466
31,895
31,005
29,839
-1,166
-3.8
    Energy-related products
393
511
635
538
711
174
32.3
    Textiles and apparel
45,061
46,467
47,220
48,892
45,221
-3,672
-7.5
    Footwear
17,147
17,016
17,065
17,276
14,820
-2,456
-14.2
    Minerals and metals
27,033
27,788
31,038
32,065
30,270
-1,794
-5.6
    Machinery
41,031
44,345
48,138
50,523
48,450
-2,073
-4.1
    Transportation equipment
17,045
18,053
21,560
23,929
24,255
326
1.4
    Electronic products
170,940
176,141
186,700
189,254
180,413
-8,840
-4.7
    Miscellaneous manufactures
59,420
60,787
62,896
67,893
67,079
-814
-1.2
    Special provisions
4,436
4,592
5,454
5,558
5,462
-96
-1.7
        Total
425,619
440,430
468,484
483,245
462,813
-20,432
-4.2
U.S. merchandise trade balance:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Agricultural products
20,138
19,847
18,728
14,886
16,199
1,314
8.8
    Forest products
-1,652
-1,374
-1,855
-3,081
-2,664
416
13.5
    Chemicals and related products
-13,589
-14,910
-17,168
-16,645
-15,402
1,243
7.5
    Energy-related products
2,312
2,639
1,413
2,090
2,350
260
12.4
    Textiles and apparel
-43,780
-45,080
-45,946
-47,882
-44,329
3,553
7.4
    Footwear
-17,093
-16,965
-17,009
-17,194
-14,730
2,464
14.3
    Minerals and metals
-14,577
-15,590
-20,107
-24,063
-22,923
1,140
4.7
    Machinery
-32,064
-34,785
-38,034
-40,500
-38,829
1,670
4.1
    Transportation equipment
1,462
8,016
8,435
4,838
3,388
-1,450
-30.0
    Electronic products
-154,047
-156,836
-166,818
-168,082
-159,456
8,627
5.1
    Miscellaneous manufactures
-58,613
-60,011
-62,038
-66,937
-66,204
734
1.1
    Special provisions
-3,598
-3,635
-4,462
-4,603
-4,439
164
3.6
        Total
-315,102
-318,684
-344,863
-367,173
-347,038
20,135
5.5

Source: Compiled from official statistics of the U.S. Department of Commerce. These reflect all official revisions of previously published data up to June 2016 (accessed March 27, 2017).

Note: Import values are based on customs value; export values are based on free along ship value, U.S. port of export. Calculations based on unrounded data. Sectors are ordered by the level of processing of the products classified within each sector.

Table CN.2: Leading changes in U.S. exports and imports, 2012โ€“16

 
Million $
 
           
Absolute change,
Percent change,
USITC code and industry/commodity group 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2015-16 2015-16
U.S. total exports:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Increases:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
        AG032       Oilseeds
14,878
13,307
14,481
10,525
14,207
3,682
35.0
        MT019A    Semiconductor manufacturing equipment
1,326
1,606
1,952
2,377
2,837
460
19.4
        MT019      Semiconductor manufacturing equipment and robotics
1,359
1,662
2,023
2,453
2,884
431
17.6
        TE010        Certain motor-vehicle parts
816
1,469
1,875
1,624
2,052
428
26.4
        EP004        Crude petroleum
0
27
21
15
374
359
2,336.9
        EL022        Medical goods
2,518
2,675
2,951
3,254
3,607
353
10.8
        FP002        Lumber
744
1,036
1,302
1,123
1,385
262
23.3
        AG003       Swine and pork
631
623
398
319
577
258
81.0
        MM036A   Unrefined and refined copper
715
390
574
17
218
201
1,187.5
        FP001        Logs and rough wood products
817
1,172
1,262
883
1,077
194
22.0
        TE001        Aircraft engines and gas turbines
215
312
143
119
308
189
158.8
        EP006        Natural gas and components
81
149
296
965
1,135
171
17.7
        AG050       Ethyl alcohol for nonbeverage purposes
(a)
11
8
135
296
161
118.9
        CH019       Medicinal chemicals
1,444
1,772
2,200
2,511
2,661
150
6.0
        AG020       Edible nuts
396
363
209
231
359
127
55.2
        EP003        Coal, coke, and related chemical products
1,309
1,223
383
242
362
120
49.3
        MT022      Boilers, turbines, and related machinery
104
234
68
90
208
118
131.3
        CH023       Miscellaneous chemicals and specialties
373
376
420
429
536
107
24.9
        AG033       Animal or vegetable fats and oils
351
181
175
51
145
94
184.0
        FP009        Wood pulp and recovered paper
3,838
3,619
3,369
3,420
3,483
63
1.8
        MT004      Household appliances, including commercial applications
275
276
309
292
347
55
18.9
        CH005       Organic specialty chemicals
707
640
627
518
570
51
9.9
        EL020        Optical goods, including ophthalmic goods
426
483
533
621
670
49
7.9
        MM004     Copper ores and concentrates
664
610
654
246
293
48
19.5
        MM040A   Unwrought zinc
(a)
0
71
4
44
40
1,004.8
        MM020     Precious metals and non-numismatic coins
274
886
691
274
314
40
14.4
        MM007A   Molybdenum ores and concentrates
62
36
24
7
44
38
550.1
        CH001       Major primary olefins
6
9
5
17
51
34
207.6
        CH011       Paints, inks, and related items, and certain components thereof
602
506
493
416
450
34
8.2
        MT018      Non-metalworking machine tools
43
42
39
38
67
29
76.9
    Decreases:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
        AG030       Cereals
1,535
2,371
1,764
2,464
1,289
-1,175
-47.7
        AG013       Animal feeds
1,102
2,033
2,004
2,465
1,365
-1,100
-44.6
        TE013        Aircraft, spacecraft, and related equipment
8,365
12,587
13,928
15,441
14,577
-864
-5.6
        MM037     Unwrought aluminum
2,390
2,266
1,767
1,312
923
-389
-29.6
        TE004        Construction and mining equipment
1,193
955
894
668
320
-348
-52.1
        AG049       Cotton, not carded or combed
3,411
2,183
1,108
854
551
-303
-35.5
        MT009      Farm and garden machinery and equipment
494
445
386
506
212
-294
-58.2
        EL017        Computers, peripherals, and parts
1,872
1,936
1,957
2,163
1,887
-276
-12.8
        TE009        Motor vehicles
5,861
8,637
11,182
9,209
8,940
-269
-2.9
        AG046       Hides, skins, and leather
1,471
1,771
1,814
1,440
1,172
-269
-18.7
        TE002        Internal combustion piston engines, other than for aircraft
1,032
1,081
1,045
892
678
-214
-24.0
        CH007       Miscellaneous inorganic chemicals
1,721
1,439
1,546
1,355
1,213
-142
-10.5
        MT030      Miscellaneous machinery
1,012
874
929
944
810
-134
-14.2
        MM036     Copper and related articles
3,880
3,452
2,890
1,818
1,685
-133
-7.3
        CH006       Certain organic chemicals
1,707
1,550
1,455
1,253
1,132
-121
-9.7
        MT023      Electric motors, generators, and related equipment
472
470
650
469
348
-120
-25.7
        EP005        Petroleum products
1,295
1,727
1,318
1,263
1,152
-110
-8.7
        TX001        Fibers and yarns, except raw cotton and raw wool
768
852
745
522
414
-109
-20.8
        EP002        Nuclear materials
20
25
30
143
38
-105
-73.5
        AG006       Fresh or frozen fish
828
800
846
775
680
-94
-12.1
        MT001      Pumps for liquids
411
493
587
655
566
-89
-13.5
        EL018        Photographic film and paper
494
571
565
561
477
-84
-14.9
        MM007     Certain ores, concentrates, ash, and residues
84
73
70
261
177
-83
-32.0
        EL012        Circuit apparatus assemblies
346
439
416
462
382
-81
-17.5
        EL025        Measuring, testing, and controlling instruments
3,502
3,999
3,628
3,428
3,354
-74
-2.2
        MT021      Mechanical power transmission equipment
206
221
287
240
169
-71
-29.5
        EL002        Telecommunications equipment
1,711
2,364
2,193
2,484
2,414
-70
-2.8
        MM025     Steel mill products
396
408
477
380
321
-59
-15.5
        AG010       Dairy products
411
693
683
433
376
-57
-13.1
        MM041     Certain base metals and chemical elements
372
337
351
367
310
-56
-15.4
U.S. general imports:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Increases:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
        TE009        Motor vehicles
23
19
47
116
1,092
976
843.7
        MS009      Furniture
14,949
15,748
16,706
18,561
19,310
749
4.0
        CH033       Miscellaneous plastic products
10,285
11,029
11,704
12,345
12,814
469
3.8
        EL016        Miscellaneous electrical equipment
2,347
2,252
2,650
3,308
3,751
443
13.4
        MM033     Cooking and kitchen ware
1,892
2,056
2,111
2,358
2,792
433
18.4
        EL022        Medical goods
3,107
3,363
3,579
3,941
4,282
341
8.7
        MT002      Air-conditioning equipment and parts
4,343
4,544
4,792
5,100
5,407
307
6.0
        EL004        Blank and prerecorded media
1,315
1,496
2,215
2,831
3,089
258
9.1
        CH021       Perfumes, cosmetics, and toiletries
853
825
873
989
1,223
234
23.7
        MS011      Lamps and lighting fittings
5,074
5,755
6,003
6,560
6,770
209
3.2
        MT019A    Semiconductor manufacturing equipment
710
784
941
874
1,059
185
21.1
        MT019      Semiconductor manufacturing equipment and robotics
729
813
974
910
1,092
182
20.0
        MS017      Works of art and miscellaneous manufactured goods
4,149
4,155
4,254
4,834
5,006
172
3.6
        MM009     Cement, stone, and related products
1,139
1,274
1,412
1,647
1,799
151
9.2
        CH019       Medicinal chemicals
1,964
1,869
2,001
2,243
2,378
135
6.0
        EP005        Petroleum products
205
307
432
478
611
133
27.8
        TE006        Primary cells and batteries and electric storage batteries
1,533
1,570
1,778
1,785
1,905
120
6.7
        MT025      Portable electric handtools
1,965
2,204
2,264
2,537
2,650
113
4.5
        TE015        Motors and engines, except internal combustion, aircraft, or electric
552
456
680
856
955
99
11.6
        AG009       Shellfish
766
796
834
726
813
87
12.0
        MM028     Metal construction components
508
586
684
922
1,004
82
8.8
        EL021        Photographic cameras and equipment
334
349
376
389
469
80
20.6
        EL015        Semiconductors and integrated circuits
4,717
4,368
4,838
5,163
5,241
79
1.5
        MS016A    Brooms and brushes
970
1,020
1,073
1,192
1,258
66
5.5
        TE001        Aircraft engines and gas turbines
401
430
513
537
603
66
12.3
        AG019       Prepared or preserved vegetables, mushrooms, and olives
437
393
388
435
498
63
14.4
        FP015        Miscellaneous paper products
947
931
952
1,086
1,149
62
5.7
        TE007        Ignition, starting, lighting, and other electrical equipment
1,007
1,148
1,381
1,577
1,639
62
3.9
        MT022      Boilers, turbines, and related machinery
61
76
74
96
156
60
62.0
        EL011        Circuit apparatus not exceeding 1000V
1,937
2,133
2,329
2,403
2,461
58
2.4
    Decreases:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
        EL017        Computers, peripherals, and parts
76,069
75,620
76,554
73,109
66,519
-6,589
-9.0
        TX005        Apparel
33,424
34,112
34,251
34,951
31,666
-3,285
-9.4
        FW001      Footwear
17,147
17,016
17,065
17,276
14,820
-2,456
-14.2
        EL002        Telecommunications equipment
48,844
54,660
60,045
62,801
61,349
-1,452
-2.3
        MM025     Steel mill products
1,947
1,804
2,875
2,213
953
-1,260
-56.9
        EL003        Consumer electronics
18,124
16,997
17,847
17,534
16,484
-1,050
-6.0
        MT004      Household appliances, including commercial applications
9,658
10,989
11,866
12,776
11,845
-930
-7.3
        MS001      Luggage, handbags, and flat goods
7,169
7,367
7,275
7,425
6,539
-885
-11.9
        CH032       Tires and tubes
3,454
3,997
4,320
2,995
2,208
-788
-26.3
        MM025B   Plates, sheets, and strips of carbon and alloy steels
590
563
1,351
906
142
-763
-84.3
        MS001A    Luggage
4,746
4,879
4,947
4,918
4,326
-591
-12.0
        TX005E      Shirts and blouses
7,599
7,936
7,463
7,269
6,690
-578
-8.0
        MS013      Toys and games
16,070
15,689
16,496
17,983
17,515
-468
-2.6
        EL003A      Television receivers and video monitors
7,616
7,348
8,912
8,960
8,507
-453
-5.1
        TE008        Rail locomotive and rolling stock
547
467
783
1,029
615
-414
-40.2
        CH010       Fertilizers
186
333
812
644
237
-406
-63.1
        MT020      Taps, cocks, valves, and similar devices
3,330
3,431
3,777
3,722
3,317
-405
-10.9
        MT001      Pumps for liquids
1,851
1,846
2,255
1,894
1,515
-378
-20.0
        TX005F      Sweaters
1,935
1,964
2,198
2,049
1,688
-362
-17.7
        EL023        Watches and clocks
772
761
853
1,180
828
-352
-29.8
        TX005M    Gloves, including gloves for sports
2,000
1,901
2,054
2,129
1,786
-343
-16.1
        MS014      Sporting goods
4,229
4,226
4,296
4,602
4,295
-307
-6.7
        CH005       Organic specialty chemicals
2,952
3,382
3,408
3,288
2,993
-295
-9.0
        TX005G     Women's and girls' suits, skirts, and coats
2,469
2,302
2,464
2,544
2,255
-290
-11.4
        MT024      Electrical transformers, static converters, and inductors
3,317
3,785
4,129
4,403
4,151
-252
-5.7
        TX005D     Women's and girls' trousers
3,456
3,583
3,174
3,196
2,945
-251
-7.8
        MS001B    Handbags
1,776
1,789
1,687
1,782
1,535
-247
-13.9
        MT027      Electric lamps (bulbs) and portable electric lights
1,747
1,932
1,781
1,645
1,398
-247
-15.0
        MT004A    Major household appliances and parts
1,475
2,180
2,489
2,849
2,606
-243
-8.5
        EL006        Radio and television broadcasting equipment
1,876
1,777
1,841
2,298
2,057
-241
-10.5

Source: Compiled from official statistics of the U.S. Department of Commerce. These reflect all official revisions of previously published data up to June 2016 (accessed March 27, 2017).

Note: Import values are based on customs value; export values are based on free along ship value, U.S. port of export. Calculations based on unrounded data.      

aLess than $500,000.