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U.S. Trade in Charges for the Use of Intellectual Property: 2012–16

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In 2017, U.S. cross-border exports of charges for the use of intellectual property totaled $69.7 billion, while imports totaled $28.1 billion. This yielded a trade surplus of $41.6 billion. Exports increased by 2.8 percent from 2016, while imports increased by 5.2 percent. The EU, Switzerland, and China were the largest markets for U.S. cross-border exports of charges for the use of intellectual property and the EU, Japan, and Switzerland were the largest suppliers of imports.