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Trade Shifts 2018: Tables

Agricultural Products

Table AG.1 Agricultural products: U.S. exports and general imports, by selected trading partners, 2014–18

 
Million $
 

Item

2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
Absolute change,
2017–18
Percent
change,
2017–18
U.S. total exports:
 

Canada

23,785

22,513

21,882

22,127

22,190

62

0.3

Mexico

19,495

17,835

17,966

18,682

19,175

493

2.6

China

25,676

21,567

22,831

20,940

10,370

-10,569

-50.5

Japan

14,232

12,303

12,017

12,844

13,799

955

7.4

South Korea

7,458

6,708

6,802

7,425

8,992

1,567

21.1

Vietnam

2,541

2,505

2,923

2,785

4,249

1,464

52.6

Indonesia

2,913

2,185

2,670

2,893

3,116

223

7.7

France

826

761

785

745

847

102

13.6

Italy

1,419

1,293

1,201

1,170

1,467

297

25.4

India

1,094

1,251

1,422

1,898

1,759

-139

-7.3

All other

59,260

52,166

52,073

55,090

62,290

7,200

13.1

Total domestic exports

158,700

141,087

142,572

146,600

148,255

1,655

1.1

Foreign exports

5,729

5,543

6,054

6,365

6,689

324

5.1

Total U.S. exports (domestic and foreign)

164,429

146,630

148,626

152,965

154,944

1,979

1.3

U.S. general imports:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Canada

26,437

25,287

25,243

26,079

26,890

811

3.1

Mexico

21,218

23,008

24,888

26,700

28,316

1,616

6.1

China

7,008

6,801

6,721

7,068

7,724

656

9.3

Japan

782

828

916

915

988

72

7.9

South Korea

673

739

810

843

864

20

2.4

Vietnam

3,365

3,132

3,518

3,743

3,854

112

3.0

Indonesia

3,561

3,512

3,621

4,319

4,208

-112

-2.6

France

4,690

4,826

5,216

5,585

6,225

639

11.4

Italy

4,513

4,620

4,823

5,043

5,400

357

7.1

India

4,446

3,841

3,512

4,652

4,795

143

3.1

All other

59,648

60,366

59,865

62,411

67,352

4,941

7.9

Total general imports

136,341

136,958

139,132

147,359

156,615

9,256

6.3

Source: Compiled from official statistics of the U.S. Department of Commerce.
Note: Import values are based on U.S. customs value; export values are based on free alongside ship value, U.S. port of export. Calculations are based on unrounded data. The countries are sorted by those with the largest total U.S. trade (U.S. general imports plus U.S. domestic exports) in these products in the most recent year.

Table AG.2 Agricultural products: Leading changes in U.S. exports and imports, 2014—18

 
Million $
 

Item

2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
Absolute change,
2017–18
Percent
change,
2017–18
U.S. total exports:
 

Increases:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cereals (AG030)

22,274

18,505

18,594

18,224

20,613

2,389

13.1

Animal feeds (AG013)

14,456

13,510

12,075

11,812

13,780

1,968

16.7

Cattle and beef (AG002)

6,847

5,968

6,071

7,131

8,216

1,085

15.2

Decreases:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Oilseeds (AG032)

24,219

19,153

23,140

21,757

17,421

-4,336

-19.9

Hides, skins, and leather (AG046)

3,718

3,051

2,626

2,591

2,104

-487

-18.8

Prepared or preserved vegetables, mushrooms, and olives (AG019)

3,614

3,529

3,655

3,699

3,341

-358

-9.7

Swine and pork (AG003)

5,671

4,608

4,972

5,423

5,226

-197

-3.6

All other

77,901

72,763

71,439

75,963

77,554

1,591

2.1

Total

158,700

141,087

142,572

146,600

148,255

1,655

1.1

U.S. general imports:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Increases:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Infant formulas, malt extracts, and other edible preparations (AG036)

2,537

2,629

2,806

2,922

6,020

3,099

106.1

Distilled spirits (AG042)

7,122

7,276

7,682

7,872

8,624

752

9.6

Fresh or frozen fish (AG006)

7,256

7,096

7,599

8,222

8,962

740

9.0

Fresh, chilled, or frozen vegetables (AG018)

7,462

7,783

8,735

8,706

9,154

447

5.1

Decreases:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Coffee and tea (AG028)

6,954

6,927

6,621

7,215

6,619

-596

-8.3

Swine and pork (AG003)

1,916

1,692

1,643

1,777

1,591

-186

-10.5

Cocoa, chocolate, and confectionery (AG037)

6,410

6,513

6,864

6,814

6,650

-165

-2.4

All other

96,684

97,042

97,181

103,830

108,995

5,164

5.0

Total

136,341

136,958

139,132

147,359

156,615

9,256

6.3

Source: Compiled from official statistics of the U.S. Department of Commerce.
Note: Import values are based on U.S. customs value; export values are based on free alongside ship value, U.S. port of export. Calculations are based on unrounded data.


Chemicals and Related Products

Table CH.1 Chemicals and related products: U.S. exports and general imports, by selected trading partners, 2014–18

 
Million $
 

Item

2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
Absolute change,
2017–18
Percent
change,
2017–18
U.S. total exports:
 

Canada

37,130

34,093

32,649

34,398

35,114

716

2.1

China

14,133

13,566

13,782

15,928

16,624

695

4.4

Mexico

33,475

31,540

30,075

31,881

35,018

3,137

9.8

Ireland

2,753

3,237

3,270

4,602

3,676

-926

-20.1

Germany

7,444

7,399

7,495

8,294

9,153

858

10.3

Japan

10,957

10,464

10,710

11,151

11,731

581

5.2

Switzerland

3,040

2,970

2,735

2,841

2,673

-168

-5.9

Belgium

14,646

15,506

13,262

11,257

12,464

1,207

10.7

South Korea

7,215

6,686

6,379

7,003

7,918

915

13.1

United Kingdom

6,841

8,252

7,429

6,680

6,916

236

3.5

All other

83,741

79,581

75,555

78,169

85,196

7,028

9.0

Total domestic exports

221,376

213,293

203,340

212,203

226,482

14,279

6.7

Foreign exports

13,644

14,376

14,639

15,324

16,955

1,631

10.6

Total U.S. exports (domestic and foreign)

235,020

227,669

217,979

227,526

243,436

15,910

7.0

U.S. general imports:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Canada

33,518

32,212

29,682

29,435

32,436

3,000

10.2

China

31,892

31,132

29,844

33,554

40,078

6,524

19.4

Mexico

10,657

10,759

10,604

11,531

12,740

1,209

10.5

Ireland

24,380

28,746

32,307

34,594

41,076

6,482

18.7

Germany

25,186

24,862

23,296

22,961

26,843

3,882

16.9

Japan

12,644

11,713

11,493

11,948

13,425

1,477

12.4

Switzerland

12,107

11,940

14,327

16,617

19,311

2,694

16.2

Belgium

6,344

6,247

4,910

3,878

5,558

1,679

43.3

South Korea

5,858

6,225

8,512

7,822

10,002

2,180

27.9

United Kingdom

9,411

13,954

11,338

9,359

10,688

1,329

14.2

All other

79,531

82,655

83,581

86,435

99,057

12,622

14.6

Total general imports

251,529

260,444

259,893

268,134

311,213

43,079

16.1

Source: Compiled from official statistics of the U.S. Department of Commerce.
Note: Import values are based on U.S. customs value; export values are based on free alongside ship value, U.S. port of export. Calculations are based on unrounded data. The countries are sorted by those with the largest total U.S. trade (U.S. general imports plus U.S. domestic exports) in these products in the most recent year.

Table CH.2 Chemicals and related products: Leading changes in U.S. exports and imports, 2014–18

 
Million $
 

Item

2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
Absolute change,
2017–18
Percent
change,
2017–18
U.S. total exports:
 

Increases:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Medicinal chemicals (CH019)

50,326

53,988

51,829

50,596

53,886

3,289

6.5

Certain organic chemicals (CH006)

18,624

16,002

14,679

17,248

19,790

2,542

14.7

Polyethylene resins in primary forms (CH025)

7,880

7,697

7,320

7,819

10,003

2,184

27.9

Miscellaneous plastic products (CH033)

26,003

25,761

25,361

26,152

27,058

906

3.5

Primary aromatics (CH003)

628

346

391

369

867

498

135.0

Chlor-alkali chemicals (CH009)

2,267

2,255

2,353

3,123

3,467

344

11.0

Major primary olefins (CH001)

415

531

704

937

1,200

263

28.0

All other

115,232

106,713

100,700

105,958

110,211

4,253

4.0

Total

221,376

213,293

203,340

212,203

226,482

14,279

6.7

U.S. general imports:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Increases:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Medicinal chemicals (CH019)

93,436

109,778

113,195

112,215

136,200

23,985

21.4

Miscellaneous plastic products (CH033)

31,199

32,473

33,063

35,810

40,371

4,560

12.7

Fertilizers (CH010)

11,335

10,932

7,206

7,198

8,209

1,010

14.0

Polypropylene resins in primary forms (CH026)

522

556

760

605

951

346

57.2

Miscellaneous chemicals and specialties (CH023)

5,753

5,956

7,148

6,739

6,907

168

2.5

Decreases:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Natural rubber (CH036)

1,955

1,499

1,308

1,768

1,538

-230

-13.0

All other

107,330

99,250

97,213

103,799

117,037

13,238

12.8

Total

251,529

260,444

259,893

268,134

311,213

43,079

16.1

Source: Compiled from official statistics of the U.S. Department of Commerce.
Note: Import values are based on U.S. customs value; export values are based on free alongside ship value, U.S. port of export. Calculations are based on unrounded data.


Electronic Products

Table EL.1 Electronic products: U.S. exports and general imports, by selected trading partners, 2014–18

 
Million $
 

Item

2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
Absolute change,
2017–18
Percent
change,
2017–18
U.S. total exports:
 

China

14,538

15,184

14,957

14,932

16,374

1,442

9.7

Mexico

21,691

23,295

21,057

19,726

19,169

-558

-2.8

Malaysia

5,221

5,146

4,743

4,733

4,001

-732

-15.5

Japan

10,154

9,583

9,391

9,138

9,223

85

0.9

Canada

17,548

15,907

15,348

15,659

15,908

249

1.6

Germany

8,235

8,199

8,083

8,571

8,867

296

3.5

South Korea

6,856

7,270

6,575

7,148

7,251

103

1.4

Taiwan

3,736

4,229

4,883

4,709

4,787

78

1.7

Thailand

2,355

2,245

2,315

2,120

2,413

293

13.8

Vietnam

696

723

2,060

1,504

1,039

-465

-30.9

All other

78,350

74,380

70,627

71,854

73,517

1,663

2.3

Total domestic exports

169,379

166,162

160,040

160,093

162,549

2,455

1.5

Foreign exports

98,455

97,959

100,386

108,452

114,347

5,895

5.4

Total U.S. exports (domestic and foreign)

267,833

264,121

260,426

268,546

276,896

8,350

3.1

U.S. general imports:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

China

186,705

189,224

180,381

205,604

209,957

4,353

2.1

Mexico

65,064

72,485

73,501

75,760

82,745

6,985

9.2

Malaysia

22,089

25,373

28,544

28,274

29,272

999

3.5

Japan

22,906

21,686

21,214

21,514

22,585

1,072

5.0

Canada

9,114

8,939

8,927

9,286

9,807

521

5.6

Germany

15,256

14,851

14,431

14,986

16,601

1,616

10.8

South Korea

17,379

16,169

16,551

16,813

17,561

747

4.4

Taiwan

17,343

16,330

16,435

17,625

18,980

1,355

7.7

Thailand

12,341

13,343

13,534

13,999

13,775

-225

-1.6

Vietnam

5,579

9,810

11,704

12,360

12,198

-163

-1.3

All other

65,332

61,669

64,639

67,908

72,589

4,682

6.9

Total general imports

439,109

449,879

449,861

484,129

506,070

21,942

4.5

Source: Compiled from official statistics of the U.S. Department of Commerce.
Note: Import values are based on U.S. customs value; export values are based on free alongside ship value, U.S. port of export. Calculations are based on unrounded data. The countries are sorted by those with the largest total U.S. trade (U.S. general imports plus U.S. domestic exports) in these products in the most recent year.

Table EL.2 Electronic products: Leading changes in U.S. exports and imports, 2014–18

 
Million $
 

Item

2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
Absolute change,
2017–18
Percent
change,
2017–18
U.S. total exports:
 

Increases:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Measuring, testing, and controlling instruments (EL025)

25,714

23,928

22,602

23,050

24,859

1,809

7.8

Medical goods (EL022)

33,727

33,204

32,932

32,787

34,392

1,605

4.9

Decreases:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Telecommunications equipment (EL002)

17,099

17,556

16,665

15,726

14,985

-741

-4.7

Semiconductors and integrated circuits (EL015)

27,446

27,744

27,895

26,531

26,067

-464

-1.7

All other

65,392

63,731

59,944

62,000

62,245

245

0.4

Total

169,379

166,162

160,040

160,093

162,549

2,455

1.5

U.S. general imports:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Increases:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Computers, peripherals, and parts (EL017)

121,512

119,620

112,561

124,073

138,092

14,019

11.3

Medical goods (EL022)

36,182

37,826

40,158

42,985

47,343

4,358

10.1

Decreases:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Telecommunications equipment (EL002)

98,289

105,055

107,863

116,116

111,973

-4,143

-3.6

Semiconductors and integrated circuits (EL015)

39,037

40,134

44,177

43,971

43,609

-362

-0.8

All other

144,089

147,244

145,102

156,983

165,053

8,069

5.1

Total

439,109

449,879

449,861

484,129

506,070

21,942

4.5

Source: Compiled from official statistics of the U.S. Department of Commerce.
Note: Import values are based on U.S customs value; export values are based on free alongside ship value, U.S. port of export. Calculations are based on unrounded data.


Energy-Related Products

Table EP.1 Energy-related products: U.S. exports and general imports, by selected trading partners, 2014–18

 
Million $
 

Item

2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
Absolute change,
2017–18
Percent
change,
2017–18
U.S. total exports:
 

Canada

33,663

21,945

17,103

19,997

26,062

6,066

30.3

Mexico

24,631

19,044

19,688

26,874

34,435

7,561

28.1

Saudi Arabia

216

179

165

149

141

-7

-5.0

Venezuela

2,975

2,395

1,705

1,945

4,020

2,076

106.7

Brazil

7,571

3,908

4,941

8,825

9,633

808

9.2

South Korea

2,148

1,377

1,741

4,167

9,977

5,810

139.4

Netherlands

9,840

5,793

5,175

5,868

9,372

3,504

59.7

Iraq

15

11

10

10

15

5

44.4

Colombia

6,178

4,546

2,981

2,645

3,099

453

17.1

United Kingdom

2,603

2,236

1,557

3,748

6,535

2,787

74.4

All other

70,076

47,082

42,053

68,136

90,189

22,053

32.4

Total domestic exports

159,915

108,516

97,121

142,363

193,478

51,115

35.9

Foreign exports

1,840

1,863

1,368

1,955

2,418

463

23.7

Total U.S. exports (domestic and foreign)

161,755

110,379

98,489

144,319

195,897

51,578

35.7

U.S. general imports:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Canada

117,928

70,837

54,739

73,725

85,260

11,535

15.6

Mexico

30,282

13,674

8,724

11,407

15,901

4,494

39.4

Saudi Arabia

45,930

20,629

15,718

17,611

22,553

4,942

28.1

Venezuela

29,059

14,821

10,419

11,690

12,545

855

7.3

Brazil

6,367

4,546

2,778

4,389

5,187

799

18.2

South Korea

3,067

2,922

2,266

2,874

3,193

319

11.1

Netherlands

3,745

1,937

1,820

1,804

2,759

955

52.9

Iraq

13,702

4,340

5,979

10,747

11,870

1,123

10.4

Colombia

11,964

8,147

7,585

7,701

8,295

595

7.7

United Kingdom

6,286

4,006

3,244

3,255

4,559

1,304

40.1

All other

83,295

48,273

44,511

52,728

64,243

11,516

21.8

Total general imports

351,626

194,132

157,784

197,931

236,366

38,435

19.4

Source: Compiled from official statistics of the U.S. Department of Commerce.
Note: Import values are based on U.S. customs value; export values are based on free alongside ship value, U.S. port of export. Calculations are based on unrounded data. The countries are sorted by those with the largest total U.S. trade (U.S. general imports plus U.S. domestic exports) in these products in the most recent year.

Table EP.2 Energy-related products: Leading changes in U.S. exports and imports, 2014–18

 
Million $
 

Item

2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
Absolute change,
2017–18
Percent
change,
2017–18
U.S. total exports:
 

Increases:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Crude petroleum (EP004)

11,617

8,232

9,360

22,211

46,381

24,170

108.8

Petroleum products (EP005)

118,567

80,300

67,705

84,624

102,541

17,916

21.2

Natural gas and components (EP006)

17,879

11,997

13,866

23,532

29,893

6,361

27.0

Coal, coke, and related chemical products (EP003)

10,277

6,944

5,540

11,311

13,770

2,459

21.7

All other

1,575

1,043

649

685

894

209

30.5

Total

159,915

108,516

97,121

142,363

193,478

51,115

35.9

U.S. general imports:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Increases:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Crude petroleum (EP004)

246,969

126,073

101,845

133,193

157,353

24,160

18.1

Petroleum products (EP005)

79,764

51,513

41,130

48,522

62,742

14,220

29.3

All other

24,893

16,546

14,809

16,216

16,271

55

0.3

Total

351,626

194,132

157,784

197,931

236,366

38,435

19.4

Source: Compiled from official statistics of the U.S. Department of Commerce.
Note: Import values are based on U.S. customs value; export values are based on free alongside ship value, U.S. port of export. Calculations are based on unrounded data.


Footwear

Table FW.1 Footwear: U.S. exports and general imports, by selected trading partners, 2014–18

 
Million $
 

Item

2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
Absolute change,
2017–18
Percent
change,
2017–18
U.S. total exports:
 

China

48

76

80

102

140

38

36.8

Vietnam

86

104

116

179

243

64

35.5

Indonesia

12

24

29

29

40

11

38.9

Italy

4

6

4

8

9

1

12.4

Mexico

49

42

40

36

33

-3

-7.9

India

2

3

1

2

3

2

102.0

Cambodia

(a)

(a)

0

0

(a)

(a)

(b)

Dominican Rep

16

11

9

7

7

(a)

-5.3

Spain

3

4

2

3

3

(a)

10.2

Canada

139

150

165

156

156

(a)

-0.1

All other

467

429

341

337

350

13

3.8

Total domestic exports

827

848

788

859

984

125

14.5

Foreign exports

629

616

579

573

575

2

0.3

Total U.S. exports (domestic and foreign)

1,456

1,464

1,367

1,432

1,559

127

8.8

U.S. general imports:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

China

17,066

17,276

14,821

14,255

14,061

-194

-1.4

Vietnam

3,623

4,474

4,911

5,525

6,208

682

12.4

Indonesia

1,235

1,426

1,462

1,509

1,539

30

2.0

Italy

1,444

1,408

1,358

1,370

1,542

172

12.6

Mexico

499

493

413

416

500

84

20.2

India

349

468

503

448

440

-9

-1.9

Cambodia

128

218

255

271

329

58

21.5

Dominican Rep

297

327

312

271

257

-14

-5.2

Spain

213

224

243

233

242

9

3.7

Canada

59

73

50

52

51

(a)

-0.5

All other

1,106

1,264

1,306

1,291

1,399

108

8.4

Total general imports

26,018

27,650

25,634

25,640

26,567

927

3.6

Source: Compiled from official statistics of the U.S. Department of Commerce.
Note: Import values are based on U.S. customs value; export values are based on free alongside ship value, U.S. port of export. Calculations are based on unrounded data. The countries are sorted by largest total U.S. trade (U.S. general imports plus U.S. domestic exports) in these products in the most recent year.
a Less than $500,000.
b The amount of change was not meaningful for purposes of comparison.

Table FW.2 Footwear: Leading changes in U.S. exports and imports, 2014–18

 
Million $
 

Item

2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
Absolute change,
2017–18
Percent
change,
2017–18
U.S. total exports:
 

Increases:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Footwear (FW001)

827

848

788

859

984

125

14.5

Total

827

848

788

859

984

125

14.5

U.S. general imports:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Increases:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Footwear (FW001)

26,018

27,650

25,634

25,640

26,567

927

3.6

Total

26,018

27,650

25,634

25,640

26,567

927

3.6

Source: Compiled from official statistics of the U.S. Department of Commerce.
Note: Import values are based on U.S. customs value; export values are based on free alongside ship value, U.S. port of export. Calculations are based on unrounded data.


Forest Products

Table FP.1 Forest products: U.S. exports and general imports, by selected trading partners, 2014–18

 
Million $
 

Item

2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
Absolute change,
2017–18
Percent
change,
2017–18
U.S. total exports:
 

Canada

10,100

9,477

9,020

9,221

9,368

148

1.6

China

6,930

6,361

6,775

7,479

6,805

-674

-9.0

Mexico

5,477

5,518

5,441

5,704

5,917

214

3.7

Brazil

376

350

291

264

246

-19

-7.1

United Kingdom

1,675

1,821

1,666

1,638

1,740

102

6.2

Japan

2,139

1,962

1,870

1,903

1,994

91

4.8

Germany

715

628

612

618

642

24

3.9

South Korea

880

809

763

769

828

59

7.7

Indonesia

378

369

393

451

594

143

31.9

India

879

699

686

824

991

168

20.3

All other

9,980

9,482

8,710

9,261

10,251

990

10.7

Total domestic exports

39,529

37,476

36,228

38,132

39,378

1,246

3.3

Foreign exports

1,640

1,584

1,472

1,460

1,484

24

1.6

Total U.S. exports (domestic and foreign)

41,169

39,060

37,700

39,592

40,862

1,270

3.2

U.S. general imports:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Canada

18,971

18,070

18,704

19,089

19,767

677

3.5

China

8,873

9,522

9,561

9,816

10,530

713

7.3

Mexico

1,817

1,950

1,906

1,978

2,150

171

8.7

Brazil

2,166

2,207

2,181

2,457

2,873

416

16.9

United Kingdom

624

622

627

667

739

71

10.7

Japan

453

460

449

443

428

-15

-3.3

Germany

1,108

1,173

1,185

1,422

1,669

247

17.4

South Korea

616

578

544

537

696

158

29.5

Indonesia

768

749

667

633

880

247

39.0

India

206

223

251

282

357

75

26.7

All other

6,611

6,835

7,040

7,497

8,610

1,112

14.8

Total general imports

42,213

42,390

43,115

44,822

48,696

3,874

8.6

Source: Compiled from official statistics of the U.S. Department of Commerce.
Note: Import values are based on U.S. customs value; export values are based on free alongside ship value, U.S. port of export. Calculations are based on unrounded data. The countries are sorted by those with the largest total U.S. trade (U.S. general imports plus U.S. domestic exports) in these products in the most recent year.

Table FP.2 Forest products: Leading changes in U.S. exports and imports, 2014–18

 
Million $
 

Item

2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
Absolute change,
2017–18
Percent
change,
2017–18
U.S. total exports:
 

Increases:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Paperboard (FP011A)

6,848

6,601

6,402

7,088

7,863

775

10.9

Wood pulp and recovered paper (FP009)

8,702

8,483

8,289

8,625

9,280

655

7.6

Logs and rough wood products (FP001)

3,390

3,105

3,046

3,420

3,595

175

5.1

Paper boxes and bags (FP010)

1,864

1,904

1,869

1,908

1,944

36

1.9

Decreases:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Printing and writing papers (FP013)

1,212

982

907

1,126

947

-179

-15.9

Lumber (FP002)

3,609

3,216

3,403

3,888

3,764

-123

-3.2

Newsprint (FP012)

312

246

149

142

108

-35

-24.3

All other

13,592

12,939

12,164

11,935

11,878

-58

-0.5

Total

39,529

37,476

36,228

38,132

39,378

1,246

3.3

U.S. general imports:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Increases:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wood veneer and wood panels (FP004)

4,806

5,227

5,729

6,139

7,028

890

14.5

Lumber (FP002)

5,731

5,447

6,609

7,100

7,199

99

1.4

Decreases:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Newsprint (FP012)

1,316

1,068

979

907

877

-30

-3.3

All other

30,360

30,647

29,797

30,676

33,591

2,915

9.5

Total

42,213

42,390

43,115

44,822

48,696

3,874

8.6

Source: Compiled from official statistics of the U.S. Department of Commerce.
Note: Import values are based on U.S customs value; export values are based on free alongside ship value, U.S. port of export. Calculations are based on unrounded data.


Machinery

Table MT.1 Machinery: U.S. exports and general imports, by selected trading partners, 2014–18

 
Million $
 

Item

2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
Absolute change,
2017–18
Percent
change,
2017–18
U.S. total exports:
 

China

9,600

9,485

8,976

9,730

11,230

1,500

15.4

Mexico

18,254

18,101

17,072

17,497

18,219

723

4.1

Canada

25,865

23,344

20,599

21,599

22,834

1,234

5.7

Germany

3,874

3,935

3,911

4,375

4,537

162

3.7

Japan

3,825

4,306

3,743

5,130

5,927

797

15.5

South Korea

6,510

5,919

5,307

8,340

7,058

-1,282

-15.4

Italy

1,047

1,104

962

1,086

1,218

132

12.1

Taiwan

4,289

4,873

5,258

4,683

4,285

-398

-8.5

United Kingdom

3,652

3,445

3,381

3,503

3,851

347

9.9

Netherlands

2,157

2,128

2,066

2,253

2,592

339

15.0

All other

48,261

43,357

37,494

37,081

38,998

1,917

5.2

Total domestic exports

127,333

119,997

108,766

115,278

120,749

5,471

4.7

Foreign exports

18,647

18,862

19,416

20,926

22,530

1,604

7.7

Total U.S. exports (domestic and foreign)

145,981

138,859

128,183

136,204

143,279

7,075

5.2

U.S. general imports:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

China

48,144

50,512

48,408

52,980

59,405

6,425

12.1

Mexico

29,054

30,105

29,888

31,391

33,736

2,346

7.5

Canada

13,696

12,920

12,173

13,541

14,512

970

7.2

Germany

17,882

17,675

17,298

19,085

20,934

1,849

9.7

Japan

18,827

17,381

17,308

18,689

18,924

235

1.3

South Korea

7,110

7,583

7,082

7,902

8,231

329

4.2

Italy

7,215

7,042

6,804

7,574

8,427

853

11.3

Taiwan

4,389

4,445

4,125

4,612

5,128

516

11.2

United Kingdom

4,239

4,144

3,730

3,833

4,233

401

10.5

Netherlands

4,277

2,906

2,484

3,233

3,970

736

22.8

All other

30,697

31,213

30,189

33,481

37,158

3,677

11.0

Total general imports

185,529

185,926

179,487

196,320

214,658

18,338

9.3

Source: Compiled from official statistics of the U.S. Department of Commerce.
Note: Import values are based on U.S. customs value; export values are based on free alongside ship value, U.S. port of export. Calculations are based on unrounded data. The countries are sorted by those with the largest total U.S. trade (U.S. general imports plus U.S. domestic exports) in these products in the most recent year.

Table MT.2 Machinery: leading changes in U.S. exports and imports, 2014–18

 
Million $
 

Item

2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
Absolute change,
2017–18
Percent
change,
2017–18
U.S. total exports:
 

Increases:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Centrifuges and filtering and purifying equipment (MT005)

7,569

7,437

6,648

7,113

8,044

930

13.1

Semiconductor manufacturing equipment (MT019A)

14,555

15,894

16,639

21,364

22,276

912

4.3

Farm and garden machinery and equipment (MT009)

10,732

9,412

8,381

9,581

10,216

635

6.6

Decreases:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Boilers, turbines, and related machinery (MT022)

1,670

1,748

1,660

1,252

914

-339

-27.1

All other

92,807

85,506

75,439

75,968

79,300

3,332

4.4

Total

127,333

119,997

108,766

115,278

120,749

5,471

4.7

U.S. general imports:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Increases:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Household appliances, including commercial applications (MT004)

24,322

26,240

25,817

27,569

29,574

2,006

7.3

Air-conditioning equipment and parts (MT002)

16,859

16,826

17,149

18,830

20,752

1,922

10.2

Taps, cocks, valves, and similar devices (MT020)

15,335

14,882

13,447

14,516

16,274

1,759

12.1

Farm and garden machinery and equipment (MT009)

9,134

8,592

7,697

7,829

9,253

1,424

18.2

Decreases:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Welding and soldering equipment (MT028)

1,340

1,448

1,556

2,022

1,745

-276

-13.7

Boilers, turbines, and related machinery (MT022)

1,446

1,608

1,381

1,362

1,260

-103

-7.5

All other

117,093

116,330

112,440

124,192

135,799

11,607

9.3

Total

185,529

185,926

179,487

196,320

214,658

18,338

9.3

Source: Compiled from official statistics of the U.S. Department of Commerce.
Note: Import values are based on U.S. customs value; export values are based on free alongside ship value, U.S. port of export. Calculations are based on unrounded data.


Minerals and Metals

Table MM.1 Minerals and metals: U.S. exports and general imports, by selected trading partners, 2014–18

 
Million $
 

Item

2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
Absolute change,
2017–18
Percent
change,
2017–18
U.S. total exports:
 

Canada

27,443

23,717

22,258

23,509

24,617

1,108

4.7

China

10,440

7,729

7,000

8,769

7,596

-1,172

-13.4

Mexico

20,896

20,327

18,324

18,972

20,689

1,717

9.0

India

2,314

4,029

3,129

3,877

4,351

474

12.2

Germany

3,821

3,639

3,427

4,159

4,727

569

13.7

United Kingdom

6,817

6,715

6,612

7,649

9,568

1,919

25.1

Japan

3,426

3,147

3,001

3,123

3,741

618

19.8

Switzerland

7,244

7,725

7,745

7,249

7,274

25

0.3

Israel

576

955

942

568

572

5

0.8

South Korea

3,331

2,881

2,426

2,501

3,001

500

20.0

All other

35,471

28,805

24,945

27,633

28,695

1,061

3.8

Total domestic exports

121,780

109,667

99,807

108,008

114,833

6,824

6.3

Foreign exports

31,130

26,000

28,873

28,439

31,441

3,002

10.6

Total U.S. exports (domestic and foreign)

152,910

135,667

128,680

136,447

146,274

9,827

7.2

U.S. general imports:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Canada

33,324

29,763

28,785

31,581

32,830

1,249

4.0

China

31,039

32,041

30,281

32,990

36,854

3,865

11.7

Mexico

19,503

18,103

18,084

19,365

21,152

1,787

9.2

India

11,084

10,856

11,429

12,139

13,130

991

8.2

Germany

8,203

7,763

6,906

7,974

9,372

1,398

17.5

United Kingdom

3,835

3,084

2,989

2,974

3,194

220

7.4

Japan

7,401

6,758

6,234

6,354

6,702

348

5.5

Switzerland

2,051

1,671

4,803

1,689

1,703

14

0.8

Israel

9,962

9,002

7,734

7,810

8,309

500

6.4

South Korea

7,716

6,908

5,309

5,824

5,788

-36

-0.6

All other

71,383

63,315

60,997

71,882

76,251

4,369

6.1

Total general imports

205,500

189,262

183,551

200,580

215,285

14,706

7.3

Source: Compiled from official statistics of the U.S. Department of Commerce.
Note: Import values are based on U.S. customs value; export values are based on free alongside ship value, U.S. port of export. Calculations are based on unrounded data. The countries are sorted by those with the largest total U.S. trade (U.S. general imports plus U.S. domestic exports) in these products in the most recent year.

Table MM.2 Minerals and metals: Leading changes in U.S. exports and imports, 2014–18

 
Million $
 

Item

2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
Absolute change,
2017–18
Percent
change,
2017–18
U.S. total exports:
 

Increases:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Precious metals and non-numismatic coins (MM020)

26,603

25,153

22,751

25,442

27,192

1,750

6.9

Copper and related articles (MM036)

7,620

6,202

5,586

6,356

7,602

1,245

19.6

Iron and steel waste and scrap (MM023)

6,167

4,020

3,550

4,863

5,908

1,045

21.5

Certain base metals and chemical elements (MM041)

4,370

4,253

3,999

4,320

5,003

682

15.8

Decreases:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Steel mill products (MM025)

15,928

12,816

10,923

12,639

11,714

-925

-7.3

Natural and synthetic gemstones (MM019)

2,184

3,041

2,921

2,424

1,837

-587

-24.2

All other

58,909

54,182

50,079

51,964

55,577

3,614

7.0

Total

121,780

109,667

99,807

108,008

114,833

6,824

6.3

U.S. general imports:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Increases:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Miscellaneous products of base metal (MM031)

16,471

16,966

16,751

18,030

19,831

1,801

10.0

Natural and synthetic gemstones (MM019)

26,491

25,375

26,093

25,021

26,387

1,366

5.5

Certain base metals and chemical elements (MM041)

6,722

5,342

4,421

5,480

6,480

1,000

18.2

Decreases:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unwrought aluminum (MM037)

8,483

8,376

8,949

11,851

11,413

-438

-3.7

All other

147,333

133,203

127,337

140,198

151,175

10,977

7.8

Total

205,500

189,262

183,551

200,580

215,285

14,706

7.3

Source: Compiled from official statistics of the U.S. Department of Commerce.
Note: Import values are based on U.S. customs value; export values are based on free alongside ship value, U.S. port of export. Calculations are based on unrounded data.


Textiles and Apparel

Table TX.1 Textiles and apparel: U.S. exports and general imports, by selected trading partners, 2014–18

 
Million $
 

Item

2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
Absolute change,
2017–18
Percent
change,
2017–18
U.S. total exports:
 

China

1,231

985

855

851

766

-85

-10.0

Vietnam

96

93

89

102

140

37

36.6

Mexico

4,627

4,520

4,157

4,139

4,369

230

5.6

India

171

175

193

161

178

17

10.6

Canada

3,952

3,684

3,600

3,751

3,656

-96

-2.5

Bangladesh

21

22

11

14

9

-6

-39.4

Indonesia

167

132

96

82

102

20

24.3

Honduras

1,541

1,521

1,455

1,497

1,541

44

3.0

Pakistan

34

25

21

23

25

3

11.5

Italy

149

136

134

140

164

24

17.5

All other

8,048

7,734

7,051

7,084

7,317

233

3.3

Total domestic exports

20,036

19,025

17,662

17,844

18,266

422

2.4

Foreign exports

3,949

4,275

4,072

4,302

4,446

143

3.3

Total U.S. exports (domestic and foreign)

23,985

23,300

21,734

22,146

22,712

565

2.6

U.S. general imports:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

China

47,219

48,885

45,191

45,014

46,979

1,965

4.4

Vietnam

9,822

11,151

11,361

12,166

12,938

771

6.3

Mexico

5,976

5,902

5,798

6,097

6,148

50

0.8

India

7,384

7,951

7,949

8,194

8,550

356

4.3

Canada

2,303

2,243

2,181

2,230

2,332

101

4.5

Bangladesh

5,051

5,658

5,547

5,331

5,688

357

6.7

Indonesia

5,279

5,414

5,143

4,985

4,927

-58

-1.2

Honduras

2,726

2,812

2,673

2,589

2,715

126

4.9

Pakistan

3,228

3,210

2,901

2,944

3,065

122

4.1

Italy

2,438

2,308

2,137

2,190

2,455

265

12.1

All other

30,263

31,002

29,351

29,631

31,866

2,235

7.5

Total general imports

121,688

126,535

120,231

121,372

127,663

6,291

5.2

                 

Source: Compiled from official statistics of the U.S. Department of Commerce.
Note: Import values are based on U.S. customs value; export values are based on free alongside ship value, U.S. port of export. Calculations are based on unrounded data. The countries are sorted by largest total U.S. trade (U.S. general imports plus U.S. domestic exports) in these products in the most recent year.

Table TX.2 Textiles and apparel: Leading changes in U.S. exports and imports, 2014–18

 
Million $
 

Item

2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
Absolute change,
2017–18
Percent
change,
2017–18
U.S. total exports:
 

Increases:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Apparel (TX005)

3,436

3,355

3,098

3,027

3,223

196

6.5

Fabrics (TX002)

6,631

6,382

5,959

6,008

6,133

125

2.1

Miscellaneous textile products (TX006)

3,118

2,925

2,732

2,887

2,960

73

2.5

Fibers and yarns, except raw cotton and raw wool (TX001)

5,266

4,873

4,451

4,449

4,516

67

1.5

Decreases:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Carpets and rugs (TX003)

1,060

975

913

935

902

-33

-3.5

Home furnishings (TX004)

526

515

510

538

532

-5

-1.0

All other

0

0

0

0

0

0

0.0

Total

20,036

19,025

17,662

17,844

18,266

422

2.4

U.S. general imports:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Increases:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Apparel (TX005)

90,461

93,922

88,478

88,540

92,298

3,758

4.2

Miscellaneous textile products (TX006)

7,343

7,850

7,840

8,239

8,867

628

7.6

Home furnishings (TX004)

10,372

10,979

10,699

11,283

11,872

588

5.2

Fabrics (TX002)

7,199

7,397

7,086

7,026

7,544

518

7.4

Fibers and yarns, except raw cotton and raw wool (TX001)

3,860

3,868

3,466

3,517

3,981

464

13.2

Carpets and rugs (TX003)

2,454

2,519

2,662

2,768

3,101

334

12.1

All other

0

0

0

0

0

0

0.0

Total

121,688

126,535

120,231

121,372

127,663

6,291

5.2

Source: Compiled from official statistics of the U.S. Department of Commerce.
Note: Import values are based on U.S. customs value; export values are based on free alongside ship value, U.S. port of export. Calculations are based on unrounded data.


Transportation Equipment

Table TE.1 Transportation equipment: U.S. exports and general imports, by selected trading partners, 2014–18

 
Million $
 

Item

2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
Absolute change,
2017–18
Percent
change,
2017–18
U.S. total exports:
 

Mexico

 35,398

 36,625

 34,051

  34,578

  36,747

   2,169

6.3

Canada

 69,907

 66,632

 66,075

 70,490

 71,748

   1,258

1.8

Japan

  9,893

  9,819

 10,444

  9,052

  9,186

134

1.5

China

 28,934

 27,964

 26,948

 30,453

 28,999

  -1,454

-4.8

Germany

 13,390

 14,079

 13,658

 14,326

 15,762

   1,435

10.0

United Kingdom

 12,081

 12,897

 13,937

 11,856

 14,745

   2,889

24.4

South Korea

  5,919

  7,554

  8,114

  6,028

  6,165

137

2.3

France

  8,416

  9,300

 10,298

 11,045

 12,791

   1,746

15.8

Italy

  2,822

  3,133

  2,258

  2,542

  3,234

692

27.2

Brazil

  6,984

  6,016

  5,170

  6,677

  6,918

241

3.6

All Other

 112,290

104,049

 98,140

 94,437

 96,939

   2,502

2.6

Total domestic exports

 306,032

 298,069

 289,091

 291,484

 303,233

  11,749

4.0

Foreign exports

 30,407

 29,305

 30,915

 34,094

 34,709

615

1.8

Total U.S. exports (domestic and foreign)

336,439

327,374

 320,006

 325,578

 337,942

  12,364

3.8

U.S. general imports:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mexico

  96,659

 104,403

 105,197

 114,193

 126,991

  12,797

11.2

Canada

  74,542

  73,961

  73,657

  71,871

  70,778

  -1,093

-1.5

Japan

  65,209

  66,111

  68,644

  70,605

  72,545

   1,940

2.7

China

  21,554

  23,931

  24,232

  26,344

  30,434

   4,090

15.5

Germany

  46,180

  47,996

  39,884

  38,963

  37,629

  -1,334

-3.4

United Kingdom

  14,106

  14,850

  15,437

  15,840

  18,876

   3,036

19.2

South Korea

  23,960

  27,015

  25,305

  25,300

  24,173

  -1,127

-4.5

France

  13,891

  13,946

  12,642

  13,760

  14,253

493

3.6

Italy

 7,896

 9,131

  8,792

  9,967

  11,244

   1,276

12.8

Brazil

 4,254

  4,781

   5,041

   4,676

  4,524

   -152

-3.3

All other

35,772

  40,297

  39,482

  43,342

  48,281

   4,939

11.4

Total general imports

 404,024

 426,421

 418,314

 434,862

 459,727

  24,864

5.7

Source: Compiled from official statistics of the U.S. Department of Commerce.
Note: Import values are based on U.S. customs value; export values are based on free alongside ship value, U.S. port of export. Calculations are based on unrounded data. The countries are sorted by those with the largest total U.S. trade (U.S. general imports plus U.S. domestic exports) in these products in the most recent year.

Table TE.2 Transportation equipment: Leading changes in U.S. exports and imports, 2014–18

 
Million $
 

Item

2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
Absolute change,
2017–18
Percent
change,
2017–18
U.S. total exports:
 

Increases:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Aircraft, spacecraft, and related equipment (TE013)

113,744

118,944

120,491

115,717

123,710

7,993

6.9

Construction and mining equipment (TE004)

20,361

15,392

10,343

11,631

13,766

2,135

18.4

Internal combustion piston engines, other than for aircraft (TE002)

20,226

18,040

16,915

19,659

21,030

1,371

7.0

Decreases:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Motor vehicles (TE009)

73,703

67,362

66,651

68,495

67,271

-1,224

-1.8

All other

77,998

78,331

74,692

75,982

77,456

1,474

1.9

Total

306,032

298,069

289,091

291,484

303,233

11,749

4.0

U.S. general imports:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Increases:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Certain motor-vehicle parts (TE010)

82,106

86,139

85,865

85,225

91,166

5,941

7.0

Construction and mining equipment (TE004)

15,401

14,881

12,655

14,530

18,301

3,770

25.9

Aircraft engines and gas turbines (TE001)

21,680

22,428

21,914

23,629

26,569

2,940

12.4

Decreases:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ships, tugs, pleasure boats, and similar vessels (TE014)

1,561

2,813

2,077

2,577

2,250

-327

-12.7

All other

283,275

300,160

295,803

308,901

321,442

12,540

4.1

Total

404,024

426,421

418,314

434,862

459,727

24,864

5.7

Source: Compiled from official statistics of the U.S. Department of Commerce.
Note: Import values are based on U.S. customs value; export values are based on free alongside ship value, U.S. port of export. Calculations are based on unrounded data.