January 25, 2023
News Release 23-009
Inv. No(s). 731-TA-1580, 1582, and 1583 (
Contact: Elizabeth Nesbitt, 202-205-1819
Steel Nails from India, Thailand, and Turkey Do Not Injure U.S. Industry, Says USITC

The United States International Trade Commission (USITC) today determined that a U.S. industry is not materially injured or threatened with material injury by reason of imports of steel nails from India, Thailand, and Turkey that the U.S. Department of Commerce (Commerce) has determined are sold in the United States at less than fair value.

Chairman David S. Johanson and Commissioners Rhonda K. Schmidtlein, Jason E. Kearns, Randolph J. Stayin, and Amy A. Karpel voted in the negative.  

As a result of the Commission’s negative determinations, Commerce will not issue antidumping duty orders on imports of this product from India, Thailand, and Turkey. 

The Commission’s public report Steel Nails from India, Thailand, and Turkey (Inv. Nos. 731-TA-1580, 1582, and 1583 (Final), USITC Publication 5404, February 2023) will contain the views of the Commission and information developed during the investigation.

The report will be available by March 6, 2023; when available, it may be accessed on the USITC website at: https://www.usitc.gov/commission_publications_library.


Washington, DC 20436


Steel Nails from India, Thailand, and Turkey

Investigation Nos: 731-TA-1580, 1582, and 1583 (Final)

Product Description:  The merchandise covered by these investigations is certain steel nails having a nominal shaft or shank length not exceeding 12 inches. Certain steel nails include, but are not limited to, nails made from round wire and nails that are cut from flat-rolled steel or long-rolled flat steel bars. Certain steel nails may be of one-piece construction or constructed of two or more pieces. Examples of nails constructed of two or more pieces include, but are not limited to, anchors comprised of an anchor body made of zinc or nylon and a steel pin or a steel nail; crimp drive anchors; split-drive anchors; and strike pin anchors. Also included in the scope are anchors of one-piece construction.

Status of Proceedings:

  1. Type of investigation:  Final antidumping duty investigations.
  2. Petitioner:  Mid Continent Nail Corporation, Poplar Bluff, Missouri.
  3. USITC Institution Date:  Thursday, December 30, 2021.
  4. USITC Hearing Date:  Wednesday, August 17, 2022.
  5. USITC Vote Date:  Wednesday, January 25, 2023.1 
  6. USITC Notification to Commerce Date:  Monday, February 6, 2023.

U.S. Industry in 2021:

  1. Number of U.S. producers:  9 responding firms.
  2. Location of producers’ plants:  Arkansas, California, Illinois, Missouri, Ohio, South Carolina, and Tennessee.
  3. Production and related workers:  736.
  4. U.S. producers’ U.S. shipments:  $282 million.
  5. Apparent U.S. consumption:  $1.604 billion.
  6. Ratio of U.S. producers’ U.S. shipments to apparent U.S. consumption:  17.6 percent by value.

U.S. Imports in 2021:

   1a. U.S. imports from India, Thailand, and Turkey:  $210 million.
   1b. U.S. imports from India, Thailand, Turkey, and Oman (CVD only):  $343 million.

  1. U.S. imports from all sources other than India, Thailand, Turkey, and Oman:  $980 million.
  2. Leading import sources:  China, Oman, Taiwan, Thailand, Canada.


1 The Commission voted on its countervailing duty investigations on steel nails from India, Oman, and Turkey on September 16, 2022, and notified Commerce of its determinations on October 6, 2022.

# # #