The United States International Trade Commission (USITC) today determined that a U.S. industry is materially injured by reason of imports of citric acid and certain citrate salts from Belgium, Colombia, and Thailand that the U.S. Department of Commerce (Commerce) has determined are sold in the United States at less than fair value.
Chairman David S. Johanson and Commissioners Irving A. Williamson, Meredith M. Broadbent, and Rhonda K. Schmidtlein voted in the affirmative. Commissioner Jason E. Kearns did not participate in these investigations.
As a result of the USITC’s affirmative determinations, Commerce will issue antidumping duty orders on imports of these products from Belgium, Colombia, and Thailand.
The Commission also made a negative finding concerning critical circumstances with regard to imports of this product from Thailand. As a result, imports of citric acid and certain citrate salts from Thailand will not be subject to retroactive antidumping duties.
The Commission’s public report Citric Acid and Certain Citrate Salts from Belgium, Colombia, and Thailand (Inv. Nos. 731-TA-1374-1376 (Final), USITC Publication 4799, July 2018) will contain the views of the Commission and information developed during the investigations.
The report will be available by July 27, 2018; when available, it may be accessed on the USITC website at: http://pubapps.usitc.gov/applications/publogs/qry_publication_loglist.asp.
UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION
Washington, DC 20436
Citric Acid And Certain Citrate Salts from Belgium, Colombia, and Thailand
Investigation Nos. 731-TA-1374-1376 (Final)
Product Description: Citric acid and certain citrate salts, specifically sodium citrate and potassium citrate, are chemical products used in the production and formulation of a wide variety of foods, beverages, pharmaceuticals, and cosmetics as well as commercial and household products including detergents, metal cleaners, textile finishing treatments, and other industrial applications. Citric acid, sodium citrate, and potassium citrate are all normally sold as odorless, translucent crystals available in three granulations: granular, fine granular, and powder. Citric acid is also available in solution. Crude calcium citrate, an intermediate form in the production of citric acid, can be shipped to another facility for further processing into refined citric acid.
Status of Proceedings:
1. Type of investigation: Final phase antidumping duty investigations.
2. Petitioners: Archer Daniels Midland Company, Decatur, Illinois; Cargill, Inc., Minneapolis, Minnesota; and Tate & Lyle Ingredients Americas LLC, Hoffman Estates, Illinois.
3. USITC Institution Date: Friday, June 2, 2017.
4. USITC Hearing Date: Monday, May 14, 2018.
5. USITC Vote Date: Wednesday, June 20, 2018.
6. USITC Notification to Commerce Date: Friday, July 6, 2018.
U.S. Industry in 2017:
1. Number of U.S. producers: 3
2. Location of producers’ plants: Iowa, North Carolina, and Ohio.
3. Production and related workers: 319.
4. U.S. producers’ U.S. shipments: $275.9 million.
5. Apparent U.S. consumption: 1
6. Ratio of subject imports to apparent U.S. consumption: 1
U.S. Imports in 2017:
1. Subject imports: $113.6 million.
2. Nonsubject imports: 
3. Leading import sources: Canada, Thailand, and Colombia.
 Withheld to avoid disclosure of business proprietary information.
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