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Finished Carbon Steel Flanges from India and Italy Injure U.S. Industry, Says USITC

July 27, 2017
News Release 17-105
Inv. No. 701-TA-563 and 731-TA-1331-1332 (Final)
Contact: Peg O'Laughlin, 202-205-1819
Finished Carbon Steel Flanges from India and Italy Injure U.S. Industry, Says USITC

The United States International Trade Commission (USITC) today determined that a U.S. industry is materially injured by reason of imports of finished carbon steel flanges from Italy and India that the U.S. Department of Commerce (Commerce) has determined are sold in the United States at less than fair value and subsidized by the government of India.

Chairman Rhonda K. Schmidtlein, Vice Chairman David S. Johanson, and Commissioners Irving A. Williamson and Meredith M. Broadbent voted in the affirmative. 

As a result of the USITC’s affirmative determinations, Commerce will issue a countervailing duty order on imports of these products from India and antidumping duty orders on imports of these products from India and Italy.

The Commission’s public report Finished Carbon Steel Flanges from India and Italy (Investigation Nos. 701-TA-563 and 731-TA-1331-1332 (Final), USITC Publication 4714, August 2017) will contain the views of the Commission and information developed during the investigations.

The report will be available by September 5, 2017; when available, it may be accessed on the USITC website at:

Washington, DC 20436


Finished Carbon Steel Flanges from India and Italy
Investigation Nos. 701-TA-563 and 731-TA-1331-1332 (Final)

Product Description:  A flange is a product for connecting pipes, valves, pumps and other equipment to form a piping system. It also provides easy access for cleaning, inspection or modification. Flanges are usually welded or screwed to the pipes or other equipment requiring a connection and flanges are joined to each other by bolting. Finished carbon steel flanges are those which have undergone further processing after forging, which can include beveling, boring, machining, drilling bolt holes, and other processes. Any one of these post-forging processes suffices to render the forging into a finished carbon steel flange. However, heat treatment alone of a carbon steel flange forging does not constitute finishing. Finished carbon steel flanges are generally manufactured to specification ASME B16.5 or ASME B16.47 series A or series B. All types of finished carbon steel flanges are included in the investigations, regardless of size, pressure class rating, type of face, configuration (e.g., weld neck, slip on, socket weld, lap joint, threaded, etc.), wall thickness, and normalization or heat treatment. These carbon steel flanges either meet or exceed the requirements of the ASTM A105, ASTM A694, ASTM A181, ASTM A350 and ASTM A707 standards (or comparable foreign specifications).

Status of Proceedings:

1.  Type of investigation:  Final phase antidumping and countervailing duty investigations.
2.  Petitioners:  Boltex Mfg. Co., L.P., Houston, TX; Weldbend Corporation, Argo, IL.
3.  USITC Institution Date:  Thursday, June 30, 2016.
4.  USITC Hearing Date:  Tuesday, April 25, 2017.
5.  USITC Vote Date:  Thursday, July 27, 2017.
6.  USITC Notification to Commerce Date:  Monday, August 14, 2017.

U.S. Industry in 2016:

1.  Number of U.S. producers:  10.
2.  Location of producers’ plants:  Illinois, Michigan, Pennsylvania, and Texas.
3.  Employment of production and related workers:  421.
4.  U.S. producers’ U.S. shipments:  $117.3 million.
5.  Apparent U.S. consumption:  $253.3 million.
6.  Ratio of subject imports to apparent U.S. consumption:  37.4 percent.

U.S. Imports in 2016:

1.  Subject imports:  $94.7 million (India, Italy, and Spain).
2.  Nonsubject imports:  $41.3 million.
3.  Leading import sources:  India, Italy, China, and Spain (in terms of total value).

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