The United States International Trade Commission (USITC) today determined that there is a reasonable indication that a U.S. industry is materially injured by reason of imports of citric acid and certain citrate salts from Belgium, Colombia, and Thailand that are allegedly sold in the United States at less than fair value and subsidized by the government of Thailand.
Chairman Rhonda K. Schmidtlein, Vice Chairman David S. Johanson, and Commissioners Irving A. Williamson and Meredith M. Broadbent voted in the affirmative.
As a result of the Commission’s affirmative determinations, the U.S. Department of Commerce will continue to conduct its antidumping and countervailing duty investigations on imports of these products from Belgium, Colombia, and Thailand, with its preliminary countervailing duty determination due on or about August 28, 2017, and its antidumping duty determinations due on or about November 9, 2017.
The Commission’s public report Citric Acid and Certain Citrate Salts from Belgium, Colombia, and Thailand (Inv. Nos. 701-TA-581 and 731-TA-1374-1375 (Preliminary), USITC Publication 4710, July 2017) will contain the views of the Commission and information developed during the investigations.
The report will be available after August 14, 2017; when available, it may be accessed on the USITC website at: http://pubapps.usitc.gov/applications/publogs/qry_publication_loglist.asp.
UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION
Washington, DC 20436
Citric Acid and Certain Citrate Salts from Belgium, Colombia, and Thailand
Investigation Nos. 701-TA-581 and 731-TA-1374-1376 (Preliminary)
Product Description: Citric acid and certain citrate salts, specifically sodium citrate and potassium citrate, are chemical products used in the production and formulation of a wide variety of foods, beverages, pharmaceuticals, and cosmetics as well as commercial and household products including detergents, metal cleaners, textile finishing treatments, and other industrial applications. Citric acid, sodium citrate, and potassium citrate are all normally sold as odorless, translucent crystals available in three granulations: granular, fine granular, and powder. Citric acid is also available in solution. Crude calcium citrate (“CCC”) is an intermediate form in the production of citric acid via the lime/sulfuric acid process. CCC can be shipped to another facility for further processing into refined citric acid.
Status of Proceedings:
1. Type of investigations: Preliminary antidumping and countervailing duty.
2. Petitioners: Archer Daniels Midland Co., Decatur, IL; Cargill, Inc., Minneapolis, MN; and Tate & Lyle Ingredients Americas LLC, Hoffman Estates, IL.
3. Preliminary investigations instituted by the USITC: June 2, 2017.
4. Commission’s conference: June 23, 2017.
5. USITC vote: July 14, 2017.
6. USITC determinations to the U.S. Department of Commerce: July 17, 2017.
7. USITC views to the U.S. Department of Commerce: July 24, 2017.
1. Number of producers in 2016: Three.
2. Location of producers’ plants: Iowa, North Carolina, and Ohio.
3. Employment of production and related workers in 2016: 322.
4. Apparent U.S. consumption in 2016: 
5. Ratio of the value of total U.S. imports to total U.S. consumption in 2016: 1
1. From the subject countries during 2016: $97.5 million.
2. From other countries during 2016: 1
3. Leading sources during 2016: Canada, Thailand, Colombia, and Belgium (in terms of total value).
 Withheld to avoid disclosure of business proprietary information.