Certain Crystalline Silicon Photovoltaic Products from China and Taiwan Injure U.S. Industry, Says USITC

January 21, 2015
News Release 15-007
Inv. No. 701-TA-511 and 731-TA-1246-1247 (Final)
Contact: Peg O'Laughlin, 202-205-1819
Certain Crystalline Silicon Photovoltaic Products from China and Taiwan Injure U.S. Industry, Says USITC

The United States International Trade Commission (USITC) today determined that a U.S. industry is materially injured by reason of imports of certain crystalline silicon photovoltaic products from China and Taiwan that the U.S. Department of Commerce has determined are sold in the United States at less than fair value and are subsidized by the government of China.

Vice Chairman Dean A. Pinkert and Commissioners Irving A. Williamson, David S. Johanson,  and Rhonda K. Schmidtlein voted in the affirmative.  Chairman Meredith M. Broadbent voted in the affirmative with respect to modules from China and Taiwan and in the negative with respect to cells from Taiwan (cells from China were not included in the scope of these investigations).  Commissioner F. Scott Kieff did not participate in these investigations.

As a result of the USITC’s affirmative determinations, the U.S. Department of Commerce will issue countervailing duty orders on imports of these products from China and antidumping duty orders on imports of these products from China and Taiwan.

The Commission’s public report Certain Crystalline Silicon Photovoltaic Products from China and Taiwan (Investigation Nos. 701-TA-511 and 731-TA-1246-1247 (Final), USITC Publication 4519, January 2015) will contain the views of the Commissioners and information developed during the investigations.

The report will be available after February 20, 2015. After that date, it may be accessed on the USITC website at: http://pubapps.usitc.gov/applications/publogs/qry_publication_loglist.asp.

 


 

UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION
Office of Industries
Washington, DC 20436

FACTUAL HIGHLIGHTS

Certain Crystalline Silicon Photovoltaic Products from China and Taiwan
Investigation Nos. 701-TA-511 and 731-TA-1246-1247 (Final)

 

Product Description: 

China Scope:

The merchandise covered by this investigation is modules, laminates and/or panels consisting of crystalline silicon photovoltaic cells, whether or not partially or fully assembled into other products, including building integrated materials. For purposes of this investigation, subject merchandise includes modules, laminates and/or panels assembled in China consisting of crystalline silicon photovoltaic cells produced in a customs territory other than China.

Subject merchandise includes modules, laminates and/or panels assembled in China consisting of crystalline silicon photovoltaic cells of thickness equal to or greater than 20 micrometers, having a p/n junction formed by any means, whether or not the cell has undergone other processing, including, but not limited to, cleaning, etching, coating, and/or addition of materials (including, but not limited to, metallization and conductor patterns) to collect and forward the electricity that is generated by the cell.

Excluded from the scope of this investigation are thin film photovoltaic products produced from amorphous silicon (a-Si), cadmium telluride (CdTe), or copper indium gallium selenide (CIGS). Also excluded from the scope of this investigation are modules, laminates and/or panels assembled in China, consisting of crystalline silicon photovoltaic cells, not exceeding 10,000mm2 in surface area, that are permanently integrated into a consumer good whose function is other than power generation and that consumes the electricity generated by the integrated crystalline silicon photovoltaic cells. Where more than one module, laminate and/or panel is permanently integrated into a consumer good, the surface area for purposes of this exclusion shall be the total combined surface area of all modules, laminates and/or panels that are integrated into the consumer good.

Further, also excluded from the scope of this investigation are any products covered by the existing antidumping and countervailing duty orders on crystalline silicon photovoltaic cells, whether or not assembled into modules, laminates and/or panels, from China.1

Merchandise covered by this investigation is currently classified in the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States (HTSUS) under subheadings 8501.61.0000, 8507.20.8030, 8507.20.8040, 8507.20.8060, 8507.20.8090, 8541.40.6020, 8541.40.6030 and 8501.31.8000. These HTSUS subheadings are provided for convenience and customs purposes; the written description of the scope of this investigation is dispositive.

 

Taiwan Scope:

The merchandise covered by this investigation is crystalline silicon photovoltaic cells, and modules, laminates and/or panels consisting of crystalline silicon photovoltaic cells, whether or not partially or fully assembled into other products, including building integrated materials.

Subject merchandise includes crystalline silicon photovoltaic cells of thickness equal to or greater than 20 micrometers, having a p/n junction formed by any means, whether or not the cell has undergone other processing, including, but not limited to, cleaning, etching, coating, and/or addition of materials (including, but not limited to, metallization and conductor patterns) to collect and forward the electricity that is generated by the cell.

Modules, laminates, and panels produced in a third-country from cells produced in Taiwan are covered by this investigation. However, modules, laminates, and panels produced in Taiwan from cells produced in a third-country are not covered by this investigation.

Excluded from the scope of this investigation are thin film photovoltaic products produced from amorphous silicon (a-Si), cadmium telluride (CdTe), or copper indium gallium selenide (CIGS). Also excluded from the scope of this investigation are crystalline silicon photovoltaic cells, not exceeding 10,000mm2 in surface area, that are permanently integrated into a consumer good whose function is other than power generation and that consumes the electricity generated by the integrated crystalline silicon photovoltaic cells. Where more than one cell is permanently integrated into a consumer good, the surface area for purposes of this exclusion shall be the total combined surface area of all cells that are integrated into the consumer good.

Further, also excluded from the scope of this investigation are any products covered by the existing antidumping and countervailing duty orders on crystalline silicon photovoltaic cells, whether or not assembled into modules, from the People’s Republic of China (“China”). Also excluded from the scope of this investigation are modules, laminates, and panels produced in China from crystalline silicon photovoltaic cells produced in Taiwan that are covered by an existing proceeding on such modules, laminates, and panels from China.

Merchandise covered by this investigation is currently classified in the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States (HTSUS) under subheadings 8501.61.0000, 8507.20.8030, 8507.20.8040, 8507.20.8060, 8507.20.8090, 8541.40.6020, 8541.40.6030 and 8501.31.8000. These HTSUS subheadings are provided for convenience and customs purposes; the written description of the scope of this investigation is dispositive.

Status of Proceedings:

1.      Type of investigation: Final antidumping and countervailing duty.
2.      Petitioner:  SolarWorld Industries America, Inc., Hillsboro, OR.
3.      Investigation instituted by USITC:  December 31, 2013.
4.      USITC hearing: December 8, 2014.
5.      USITC vote: January 21, 2014.
6.      USITC notification of Department of Commerce: February 5, 2015.

U.S. Industry:

1.      Number of U.S. producers in 2013: Nine.
2.      Location of producers’ plants:  Arizona, California, Delaware, Georgia, Illinois, Minnesota, North Carolina, Oregon, Washington.
3.      Employment of production and related workers in 2013 (modules): 768
4.      U.S. producers’ U.S. shipments in 2013 (modules): $207.0 million
5.      Apparent U.S. consumption in 2013 (modules): $2,077.1 million
6.      Ratio of subject imports to apparent U.S. consumption in 2013 (modules): 82.8

U.S. Imports in 2013:

1.      From the subject countries during 2013 (modules): $1,720.1 million
2.      From other countries during 2013 (modules): $109.5 million
3.      Leading sources during 2013 (modules, alphabetical order): China, Korea, Malaysia, Mexico, Philippines, Singapore, and Taiwan.

 

     1 See Crystalline Silicon Photovoltaic Cells, Whether or Not Assembled Into Modules, From the People's Republic of China: Amended Final Determination of Sales at Less Than Fair Value, and Antidumping Duty Order, 77 FR 73018 (December 7, 2012); Crystalline Silicon Photovoltaic Cells, Whether or Not Assembled Into Modules, From the People's Republic of China: Countervailing Duty Order, 77 FR 73017 (December 7, 2012).

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