February 8, 2023
News Release 23-015
Inv. No(s). 731-1585 and 701-679
Contact: Elizabeth Nesbitt, 202-205-1819
Sodium Nitrite from India Injures U.S. Industry, Says USITC

The United States International Trade Commission (USITC) today determined that a U.S. industry is materially injured by reason of imports of sodium nitrite from India that the U.S. Department of Commerce (Commerce) has determined are sold in the United States at less than fair value and subsidized by the government of India.

Chairman David S. Johanson and Commissioners Rhonda K. Schmidtlein, Jason E. Kearns, Randolph J. Stayin, and Amy A. Karpel voted in the affirmative. 

As a result of the Commission’s affirmative determinations, Commerce will issue antidumping and countervailing duty orders on imports of this product from India. 

The Commission’s public report Sodium Nitrite from India (Inv. Nos. 731-1585 and 701-679 (Final), USITC Publication 5408, February 2023) will contain the views of the Commission and information developed during the investigations.

The report will be available by March 20, 2023; when available, it may be accessed on the USITC website at:  https://www.usitc.gov/commission_publications_library.


Washington, DC 20436


Sodium Nitrite from India
Investigation Nos: 731-1585 and 701-679 (Final)

Product Description: Sodium nitrite (NaNO2, CAS registry number 7632-00-0) is an industrial chemical sold in solid or liquid form. Sodium nitrite is used in a wide range of industrial applications, including corrosion inhibition, detinning scrap tinplate, phosphating metals, and organic syntheses, notably the production of organic amines. Additional applications include the production of dyes and synthetic rubber, preservation of cured meat, and control of odor and inhibition of bacterial growth in wastewater treatment. It also serves in heat treating salts to harden metals, as an antidote to cyanide poisoning, and in military applications, including ammunition and explosives. These investigations cover sodium nitrite in any form, at any purity level.

Status of Proceedings:

  • Type of investigation:  Final countervailing duty and antidumping duty investigations. 
  • Petitioner:  Chemtrade Chemicals US LLC, Parsippany, New Jersey.
  • USITC Institution Date:  Thursday, January 13, 2022.
  • USITC Hearing Date:  Tuesday, June 21, 2022.
  • USITC Vote Date:  Wednesday February 8, 2023 (India investigations).
  • USITC Notification to Commerce Date:  Monday, February 20, 2023 (India investigations).

U.S. Industry in 2021:

  • Number of U.S. producers:  2.
  • Location of petitioner’s plant:  New York.
  • Production and related workers:  2   
  • U.S. producers’ U.S. shipments:  2
  • Apparent U.S. consumption:  2
  • Ratio of subject imports to apparent U.S. consumption:  2

U.S. Imports in 2021:

  • Subject imports:  $6.7 million.
  • Nonsubject imports:  $40 thousand.
  • Leading import sources:  India and Russia


 1 The Commission voted on its antidumping and countervailing duty investigations on sodium nitrite from Russia on July 27, 2022, and October 17, 2022, respectively, and notified Commerce of its determinations on August 15, 2022, and October 27, 2022, respectively.
2 Withheld to avoid disclosure of business proprietary information.


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