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Exports, Imports and Trade Balance



Key Trends

  • In 2006, the U.S. trade deficit in chemicals and related products declined by $755 million as a result of expanding domestic demand, the decline of the U.S. dollar, outsourcing, and inventory growth.
  • In 2006, U.S. exports increased by 13 percent to $149.8 billion. The rise in exports was driven by the relatively weak U.S. dollar; changes in the product mix, which led to an increase in the average unit price; changes in U.S. environmental regulations, which freed some products for export that had been used domestically; the expansion of joint ventures between U.S. and foreign firms; and some inventory rationalization.
  • In 2006, U.S. imports increased by 10 percent to $179.4 billion. Medicinal chemicals, certain organic chemicals, miscellaneous plastic products, and miscellaneous inorganic chemicals accounted for a major portion of the total increase in U.S. imports of chemicals and related products.

Trade Shifts in 2006 from 2005

  • U.S. trade deficit: Increased $755 billion (3 percent) to $29.6 billion
  • U.S. exports: Increased $17.1 billion (13 percent) to $149.8 billion
  • U.S. imports: Increased $16.4 billion (10 percent) to $179.4 billion