November 15, 2023
News Release 23-101
Inv. No(s). 332-600
Contact: Elizabeth Nesbitt, 202-205-1819
USITC To Investigate Impact of USMCA Automotive Rules of Origin on the United States

The U.S. International Trade Commission (USITC) is seeking input for its second factfinding investigation on the USMCA automotive rules of origin (ROOs) and their impact on the U.S. economy, effect on U.S. competitiveness, and relevancy considering recent technology changes. 

The Commission instituted this investigation, USMCA Automotive Rules of Origin: Economic Impact and Operation, 2025 Report (Inv. No. 332-600), for the purpose of preparing the second of five reports for the President, the House Committee on Ways and Means, and Senate Committee on Finance as required by section 202A(g)(2) of the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA) Implementation Act.

As required, the USITC, an independent, nonpartisan, factfinding federal agency, will examine the USMCA automotive ROOs and their impact on the United States in an investigation and produce a report. The report will provide information on:

  1. The economic impact of the USMCA automotive ROOs on U.S. gross domestic product (GDP); U.S. exports and imports; U.S. aggregate employment and employment opportunities; production, investment, use of productive facilities, and profit levels in the U.S. automotive industries and other pertinent industries; wages and employment of workers in the U.S. automotive sector; and the interests of U.S. consumers.
  2. The operation of the ROOs and their effects on the competitiveness of the United States with respect to production and trade in automotive goods, taking into account developments in technology, production processes, or other related matters.
  3. Whether the ROOs are relevant in light of technological changes in the United States.
  4. Other matters identified by the Commission as relevant to the economic impact of the ROOs, including prices, sales, inventories, patterns of demand, capital investment, obsolescence of equipment, and diversification of production in the United States.

As part of its investigation, the Commission intends to conduct a survey, and will post the associated questionnaire on its website at a later date.

The USITC expects to submit its second report to the President and the appropriate Congressional committees no later than Tuesday, July 1, 2025. The USITC is required to submit reports on the USMCA automotive ROOs every two years until 2031, for a total of five reports. A link to the Commission’s first report, USMCA Automotive Rules of Origin: Economic Impact and Operation, 2023 Report (Inv. No. 332-592) is posted on the Commission’s website at

Public participation

The USITC expects to hold a public hearing in connection with the investigation. The USITC will also accept written submissions for the record.  Information concerning the hearing and written submissions will be announced when details are finalized.  Interested individuals are encouraged to sign up at for alerts from the USITC about Federal Register notices published with updates regarding USITC factfinding studies like this one. 

Further information on the scope of the investigation is available in the USITC’s notice of investigation, dated November 15, 2023, which may also be obtained by contacting the Office of the Secretary at




About factfinding investigations: USITC general factfinding investigations, such as this one, cover matters related to tariffs, trade, and competitiveness. They are generally conducted under section 332(g) of the Tariff Act of 1930 at the request of the U.S. Trade Representative, the House Committee on Ways and Means, or the Senate Committee on Finance, although this investigation is conducted pursuant to section 202A(g)(2) of the USMCA Implementation Act. The resulting reports convey the Commission’s objective findings and independent analyses on the subjects investigated. The Commission makes no recommendations on policy or other matters in its general factfinding reports. Upon completion of each investigation, the USITC submits its findings and analyses to the requester. General factfinding investigation reports are subsequently released to the public unless they are classified by the requester for national security reasons.

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