August 13, 2021
News Release 21-103
Inv. No(s). 701-TA-668-669 and 731-TA-1565-1566 (Preliminary)
Contact: Peg O'Laughlin, 202-205-1819
USITC Votes to Continue Investigations Concerning Urea Ammonium Nitrate Solutions from Russia and Trinidad and Tobago

The United States International Trade Commission (USITC) today determined that there is a reasonable indication that a U.S. industry is materially injured by reason of imports of urea ammonium nitrate solutions from Russia and Trinidad and Tobago that are allegedly subsidized and sold in the United States at less than fair value.

Chair Jason E. Kearns, Vice Chair Randolph J. Stayin, and Commissioners David S. Johanson, Rhonda K. Schmidtlein, and Amy A. Karpel voted in the affirmative. 

As a result of the Commission’s affirmative determinations, the U.S. Department of Commerce will continue its investigations of imports of urea ammonium nitrate solutions from Russia and Trinidad and Tobago, with its preliminary countervailing duty determinations due on or about September 23, 2021, and its antidumping duty determinations due on or about December 7, 2021.

The Commission’s public report Urea Ammonium Nitrate Solutions from Russia and Trinidad and Tobago (Inv. Nos. 701-TA-668-669 and 731-TA-1565-1566 (Preliminary), USITC Publication 5226, August 2021) will contain the views of the Commission and information developed during the investigations.

The report will be available after September 13, 2021; when available, it may be accessed on the USITC website at:

Washington, DC 20436


Urea Ammonium Nitrate (UAN) Solutions from Russia and Trinidad and Tobago
Investigation Nos. 701-TA-668-669 and 731-TA-1565-1566 (Preliminary)

Product Description:  Urea Ammonium Nitrate Solutions (UAN) are popular large volume aqueous liquid mixtures of the nitrogen fertilizers organic urea [CO(NH2)2] and inorganic ammonium nitrate, (NH4NO3). The product contains a solution of 28 to 32 percent plant available nitrogen (N) by weight in 20 to 30 percent water, the 32 percent N grade preferred due to its higher N analysis and transportation economics. The product is mildly acidic and contains a corrosion inhibitor additive. UAN is a preferred liquid nitrogen fertilizer because of its safe handling and versatile crop nutrient profile. Ammonium nitrate is a fast-acting inorganic fertilizer ideal for fertilization of emerging crops, while urea provides a more sustained slower release fertilization. Half of the total plant available N content of UAN solution comes from ammonium nitrate, and the other half from urea.  Additionally, UAN can be blended with essential multinutrient liquid solutions of phosphate and potassium, together with pesticides, further providing efficiency in a single application. UAN is popularly used across the United States and Europe where applicable infrastructure is available to fertilize a variety of row crops and other plant species by direct spray or sidedressing, irrigation or foliar fertilization. UAN primary feedstock is ammonia (NH3) derived from natural gas (CH4) and atmospheric nitrogen (N2).

Status of Proceedings:

1.   Type of investigation:  Preliminary countervailing duty and antidumping duty investigations.
2.   Petitioners:   CF Industries Nitrogen, LLC and its subsidiaries, Terra Nitrogen, Limited Partnership and Terra International (Oklahoma) LLC, all of Deerfield, IL.
3.   USITC Institution Date:  Wednesday, June 30, 2021.
4.   USITC Conference Date:  Wednesday, July 21, 2021.
5.   USITC Vote Date:  Friday, August 13, 2021.
6.   USITC Notification to Commerce Date:  Monday, August 16, 2021.

U.S. Industry in 2020:

1.   Number of U.S. producers:  8.
2.   Location of producers’ plants:  Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Nebraska, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Washington, and Wyoming.
3.   Production and related workers:  1,434.
4.   U.S. producers’ U.S. shipments:  $1.8 billion.
5.   Apparent U.S. consumption:  $2.1 billion.
6.   Ratio of subject imports to apparent U.S. consumption:  14.4 percent by volume.

U.S. Imports in 2020:

1.   Subject imports:  $297 million.
2.   Nonsubject imports:  $92 million.
3.   Leading import sources:  Russia, Trinidad and Tobago, Canada, the Netherlands, and Egypt.

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