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Glycine from China, India, and Japan Injures U.S. Industry, Says USITC

May 29, 2019
News Release 19-042
Inv. No. 701-TA-603-604 and 731-TA-1413-1414 (Final)
Contact: Peg O'Laughlin, 202-205-1819
Glycine from China, India, and Japan Injures U.S. Industry, Says USITC

The United States International Trade Commission (USITC) today determined that a U.S. industry is materially injured by reason of imports of glycine from India and Japan that the U.S. Department of Commerce (Commerce) has determined are sold in the United States at less than fair value and imports that are subsidized by the governments of China and India.

Chairman David S. Johanson and Commissioners Irving A. Williamson, Meredith M. Broadbent, Rhonda K. Schmidtlein, and Jason E. Kearns voted in the affirmative. 

As a result of the USITC’s affirmative determinations, Commerce will issue antidumping duty orders on imports of this product from India and Japan and countervailing duty orders on imports of this product from China and India. 

The Commission’s public report Glycine from China, India, and Japan (Inv. Nos. 701-TA-603-604 and 731-TA-1413-1414 (Final), USITC Publication 4900, June 2019) will contain the views of the Commission and information developed during the investigations.

The report will be available by July 5, 2019; when available, it may be accessed on the USITC website at:

Washington, DC 20436


Glycine from China, India, and Japan
Investigation Nos. 701-TA-603-604 and 731-TA-1413-1414 (Final)

Product Description:  Glycine, also known as aminoacetic acid, is a nonessential amino acid (Chemical Abstracts Service registry number 56-40-6). The organic chemical is produced naturally by humans and other organisms as a building block for proteins. Commercial production of glycine uses traditional chemical synthesis. Glycine is most commonly sold in its dry form as a white, free flowing powder. Glycine is odorless and sweet to the taste. Available in various grades, glycine is used in industrial applications, as well as pharmaceutical and food applications.

Status of Proceedings:

1.   Type of investigations:  Final phase antidumping duty and countervailing duty investigations.
2.   Petitioners:  Chattem and GEO.
3.   USITC Institution Date:  Wednesday, March 28, 2018.
4.   USITC Hearing Date:  Tuesday, April 30, 2019.
5.   USITC Vote Date:  Wednesday, May 29, 2019.
6.   USITC Notification to Commerce Date:  Friday, June 14, 2019.

U.S. Industry in 2017:

1.   Number of U.S. producers:  2.
2.   Location of producers’ plants:  Tennessee and Texas.
3.   Production and related workers:  [1]
4.   U.S. producers’ U.S. shipments:  1
5.   Apparent U.S. consumption:  1
6.   Ratio of imports from China, India, and Japan to apparent U.S. consumption:  1

U.S. Imports in 2017:

1.   U.S. imports from China, India, and Japan:  $18.6 million.
2.   U.S. imports from Thailand:  $4.6 million.
3.   U.S. imports from all other sources: $480,000.
4.   Leading import sources:  China, India, Japan, and Thailand.

[1] Withheld to avoid disclosure of business proprietary information.


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