March 11, 2009
News Release 09-020
Inv. No. 701-TA-460-461 (P)
Contact: Peg O'Laughlin, 202-205-1819


The United States International Trade Commission (ITC) today determined that there is a reasonable indication that a U.S. industry is materially injured by reason of imports of Ni-resist piston inserts from Argentina and Korea that are allegedly subsidized.

All six Commissioners voted in the affirmative.

As a result of the Commission's affirmative determinations, the U.S. Department of Commerce will continue to conduct its countervailing duty investigations on imports of this product from Argentina and Korea, with its preliminary determinations due on or about April 21, 2009.

The Commission's public report Ni-Resist Piston Inserts from Argentina and Korea (Investigation Nos. 701-TA-460-461 (Preliminary), USITC Publication 4066, March 2009) will contain the views of the Commission and information developed during the investigations.

Copies of the report are expected to be available after April 9, 2009, by calling 202-205-2000 or from the Office of the Secretary, 500 E Street SW, Washington, DC 20436. Requests may also be faxed to 202-205-2104.

Office of Industries


Ni-Resist Piston Inserts from Argentina and Korea
Investigation Nos. 701-TA-460-461 (Preliminary)

Product Description: Nickel-resist (Ni-resist) piston inserts are alloyed cast iron rings, with or without a sheet metal cooling channel pressed and welded into the interior of the insert, normally used in aluminum pistons for diesel engines to improve the wear resistance and working life of the piston. Ni-resist piston inserts are also commonly referred to as "ring carriers" or "Alfin inserts." Ni-resist piston inserts are composed of the material known as Ni-resist, of the following chemical composition: 13.5 percent to 17.5 percent nickel, 5.5 percent to 8.0 percent copper, 0.8 percent to 2.5 percent chromium, 0.5 percent to 1.5 percent manganese, 1.0 percent to 3.0 percent silicon, and 2.4 percent to 3.0 percent carbon. The cast iron composition is produced primarily to the material specifications of the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), ASTM A 436 grade 1.

Status of Proceedings:

1.        Type of investigations:  Preliminary countervailing duty.
2.        Petitioner:  Korff Holdings LLC dba Quaker City Castings, Salem, Ohio.
3.        Preliminary investigations instituted by the USITC:  January 26, 2009.
4.        Commission's conference:  February 17, 2009.
5.        USITC vote:  March 11, 2009.
6.        USITC determinations to the U.S. Department of Commerce:  March 12, 2009.
7.        USITC views to the U.S. Department of Commerce:  March 19, 2009.

U.S. Industry:

1.        Number of producers in 2008:  One.
2.        Location of producer's plant:  Ohio.
3.        Employment of production and related workers in 2008: (1) 
4.        Apparent U.S. consumption in 2008:  (1)
5.        Ratio of the value of total U.S. imports to total U.S. consumption in 2008:  (1)

U.S. Imports:

1.        From the subject countries during 2008:  (1)
2.        From other countries during 2008:  (1)
3.        Leading sources during 2008:  (1)

(1) Withheld to avoid disclosure of business proprietary information.

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