January 31, 2000
News Release 00-017
Inv. No. 731-TA-863 (P)


The United States International Trade Commission (ITC) today determined that there is no reasonable indication that a U.S. industry is materially injured or threatened with material injury by reason of imports of citric acid and sodium citrate from China that are allegedly sold in the United States at less than fair value.

Chairman Lynn M. Bragg, Vice Chairman Marcia E. Miller, and Commissioners Thelma J. Askey and Deanna Tanner Okun made negative determinations. Commissioners Jennifer A. Hillman and Stephen Koplan made affirmative determinations.

As a result of the ITC's negative determination, the case will be terminated.

The Commission's public report Citric Acid and Sodium Citrate from China (Investigation No. 731-TA-863 (Preliminary), USITC Publication 3277, February 2000) will contain the views of the Commission and information developed during the investigation.

Copies of the report are expected to be available after February 28, 2000, by calling 202-205-1809 or from the Office of the Secretary, 500 E Street SW, Washington, DC 20436. Requests may also be faxed to 202-205-2104.

Office of Industries
Washington, DC 20436


Citric Acid and Sodium Citrate from China
Investigation No. 731-TA-863 (Preliminary)

Product Description: For purposes of this investigation, the product covered is citric acid and sodium citrate. Citric acid is a white granular or crystalline powder with a strong acidic taste. Sodium citrate is a white, granular or crystalline powder with a pleasant acid taste. Both citric acid and sodium citrate are used in the production and formulation of a wide variety of commercial and household products including detergents, foods, metal cleaners, textile finishing treatments, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, and other industrial applications. The predominant end-use for citric acid in foods is in carbonated and non-carbonated drinks. The merchandise subject to this investigation is provided for in subheadings 2918.14.00 and 2918.15.10 of the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States.

Status of Proceedings:
1.      Type of investigation: Preliminary antidumping.
2.      Petitioners: Archer Daniels Midland Company, Decatur, IL; Cargill, Incorporated,
          Naperville, IL; and Tate & Lyle Citric Acid, Inc., Decatur, IL.
3.      Investigation instituted by USITC: December 15, 1999.
4.      Conference: January 5, 2000.
5.      USITC vote:  January 31, 2000.
6.      USITC notification of Department of Commerce: January 31, 2000.

U.S. Industry:
1.      Number of U.S. firms in 1999: Three.
2.      Production during January-September 1999 (1,000 pounds): 265,808
3.      Employment of production and related workers:  (1)
4.      U.S. producers' U.S. shipments during January-September 1999 (1,000 pounds): 266,773
5.      U.S. apparent consumption during January-September 1999 (1,000 pounds): 408,370
6.      Ratio of quantity of total imports to U.S. apparent consumption 
          during January-September 1999 (percent): 34.7  

U.S. Imports:
1.      Quantity of subject imports during January-September 1999 (1,000 pounds): 65,092
2.      Value of subject imports during January-September 1999 ($1,000): $32,237

(1) Withheld to avoid disclosure of business proprietary information.
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