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Key Economic Events

  • The U.S. merchandise trade deficit with China accounted for 29 percent of the total U.S. trade deficit in 2007, up from 26 percent in 2006. In 2007, China overtook Japan to become the third largest market for U.S. exports and overtook Canada to become the leading supplier of U.S. imports.
  • U.S. exports of transportation equipment, chemicals and related products, and agricultural products accounted for nearly two-thirds of the increase in U.S. merchandise exports to China in 2007. Increased U.S. transportation equipment exports reflected growing demand for air travel and continued infrastructure spending, while continued urbanization, population growth, and income growth contributed to increased agricultural exports.
  • U.S. imports of electronic products, miscellaneous manufactures, and textiles and apparel collectively accounted for 70 percent of the increase in U.S. merchandise imports from China in 2007. Increased U.S. imports from China in each sector represent increased production capacity in China to take advantage of various factors, such as labor productivity and labor abundance, which make China a low cost production center.

Trade Shifts in 2007 from 2006

  • U.S. trade deficit: Increased by $26.6 billion (11 percent) to $262.1 billion
  • U.S. exports: Increased by $9.4 billion (18 percent) to $61.0 billion
  • U.S. imports: Increased by $36 billion (13 percent) to $323.1 billion

USITC Publications

China: Description of Selected Government Practices and Policies Affecting Decision Making in the Economy, USITC Pub. 3978, December 2007.

Other Government Resources

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency
World Factbook

U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration
Country Analysis Brief - China

U.S. Department of State
Background Note - China
China Business Information Center

U.S. Department of Commerce
Office of China Economic Area (OCEA)

People's Republic of China, Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Office of North America and Oceania

People's Republic of China, Ministry of Commerce

U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission
2007 Annual Report

Congressional Budget Office
How Changes in the Value of the Chinese Currency Affect U.S. Imports

2007 Overview

Sector Shifts

Country Shifts

Frequently Asked Questions

General Contacts

Project Leader
Phone: 202.205.3387


Assistant Project Leader
Phone: 202.205.3463

Media Contact

Public Affairs Officer
Phone: 202.205.1819